Capturing Methods for the Northern Cricket Frog Essay

Capturing Methods for the Northern Cricket Frog Essay

Length: 1066 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Amphibians are significant in ecological communities and may also be sensitive indicators of environmental change despite their cryptic and secretive habits (Grant et al. 1992). Northern cricket frogs (Acris crepitans) typically range from 1.6 to 3.5cm in length, having various colors and patterns with a wart-like texture. Although they have long hind legs, they do not climb well, nor are they found high in trees. The northern cricket frog call is described as rapid clicking of marbles together. Three capturing methods have been found and used on the northern cricket frog. The three capturing methods are cover board refugia, funnel traps, and pitfall traps.
The first method is the use of cover board refugia. Tin and wooden cover boards, as described by Grant et al. (1992), are the most commonly used materials. The second method typically used to capture the northern cricket frog is a pitfall trap. Pitfall traps used on the northern cricket frog are typically live traps because they are an endangered species, with variations in size and material depending on the type of study being done. They may also be used with drift fences to increase the chances of capture (Figure 1). Drift fences are commonly made of aluminum flashing that is buried about 10cm in the ground. The final capture method is funnel trap usage. Like pitfall traps, funnel traps may be used in addition to drift fences to increase trap effectiveness. Given that each study is different (i.e. location, climate, etc.), modifications and improvements have been designed to enhance trap effectiveness. There are many designs, types, and sizes of pitfall traps, funnel traps and drift-fences, all of which have been proposed and tested (Bruce...

... middle of paper ...

...streambank fencing on herpetofauna in pasture stream zones. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:361-369.
MacGown, J. 2011. Pitfall traps. Mississippi Entomological Museum.
Mengak, M. T., and D. C. Guynn, Jr. 1987. Pitfalls and snap traps for sampling small mammals and herpetofauna. American Midland Naturalist 118:284- 288.
..... Russel, K. R., H. G. Hanlin, T. B. Wigley, and D. C. Guynn. 2002. Responses of isolated wetland herpetofauna to upland forest management. Journal of Wildlife Management 66:603-617.
Strain, G. F., and R. L. Raesly. 2012. Amphibian sampling techniques along Maryland coastal- plain streams. Northeastern Naturalist 19:229-248.
Todd, B. D., C. T. Winne, J. D. Willson, and J. W. Gibbons. 2007. Getting the drift: examining the effects of timing, trap type and taxon on herpetofaunal drift fence surveys. American Midland Naturalist 158:292-305.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

India 's Cricket Matches ' Cricket Match ' Against A Xyz Country Today? Essay

- Passing by a street, whenever you hear “Indiaaa…indiiaaa”, the question arises “was it today. Was India’s ‘cricket match’ against a xyz country today. How did I forget. How did I miss it?” Yes, that’s what happens with all of us. (Or most of us) We are Indians, after all. The very basic characteristic that you can associate with being an Indian is love for cricket. When the world is so much into exploring different kinds of sports to literally nurture their athletic talents, India seems to be stuck within the boundaries of cricket only....   [tags: Cricket, Test cricket, India]

Strong Essays
1345 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Cricket As A Bat And Ball Game

- Cricket is one of the exciting sport in the world. It is played by most countries in the world. Cricket is not that popular in the United States compare to the countries like India, England, Australia and many more. Cricket was discovered in Southern England before the 16th century. Cricket is a bat and ball game (similar to Baseball) played between two teams of eleven players each on a field. At the center of which is a rectangular twenty- two yard long pitch. The game is played by millions of player around the world, making it the world second most popular sport....   [tags: Cricket, India national cricket team, Batting]

Strong Essays
1075 words (3.1 pages)

The Frog King Or Iron Heinrich Essay

- The original tale titled “The Frog King” or “Iron Heinrich” has no written origin. It was passed down orally through the Wild family, of Kassel, and was recorded by the Grimm brothers after Wilhelm Grimm married Dortchen Wild. The mortal of the original fairy tale is keep a promise once it is made. Centuries later Walt Disney’s Animation Studios retold the story under the name The Princess and the Frog in a more modern and embellished the story greatly. They completely changed the moral and most of the storyline....   [tags: Brothers Grimm, Fairy tale, The Frog Prince]

Strong Essays
1415 words (4 pages)

The, Bangladesh Cricket Board Lawyer Mr. Mustafizur Rahman Khan Essay

- ..This is the post that has been made by the 'Bangladesh Cricket Board ' Lawyer Mr. Mustafizur Rahman Khan in regard of Bangladeshi bowler Taskin Ahmed 's embargo. Hopefully, after reading the entire post you can able to understand that how much facetious verdict that have been made by the so called "ICC officials". "Generally, I do not give posts about my professional work, but since this issue concerns Taskin and the Tigers, I feel constrained to share this. Since Taskin and Sunny were reported, I have been consulted by BCB regarding its response....   [tags: Cricket, Cricket terminology, Law, Report]

Strong Essays
961 words (2.7 pages)

Hop Frog as a Love Story Essay

- Hop Frog as a Love Story "Hop Frog", by Edgar Allan Poe, is a short story in which the title character, after enduring much abuse by the king, gets revenge in the end. Hop Frog is not only the king's jester, but is also a handicapped dwarf. The king perpetually berates Hop Frog and plays practical jokes on his poor jester. At one point, king and his seven ministers summon Hop Frog before them so that he may give them ideas for an upcoming masquerade. The king forces him to drink wine (which Hop Frog always has an adverse reaction to drinking) and becomes very upset at him....   [tags: Hop Frog Essays]

Strong Essays
1196 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Analysis Of The Poem ' The Frog Prince ' By Katharyn Howd Machan

- The poem “Hazel Tells Laverne” written by Katharyn Howd Machan portrays the originally fairy tale story of the princess and the frog in a drastically different light. The fairy tale itself is very intriguing because there have been many different versions written over the years and the stories have slight differences between them (Heiner). The version that will be used for this analysis of Machan’s poem version will be “The Frog Prince” by Brothers Grimm. Machan’s version of the story is unique in many ways and, the time period she lived in and her gender played a great influence into how she displayed the classic fairy tale to the audience....   [tags: Fairy tale, Brothers Grimm, The Frog Prince]

Strong Essays
1231 words (3.5 pages)

Cost Capturing and Analysis in Construction Essay

- Capturing of costs in construction is a necessity to build and complete a successful project, insure budgets are met, and provide historical data for estimating future projects. Once costs are stored they can be analyzed for accuracy, forecasting the final cost, and usefulness of accurately tracked cost in future bidding processes. The cyclical nature of construction projects, when tracked and managed effectively, provide excellent historical data. Cost tracking methodologies require activity codes for each specific scope of work, type of units, and number of units or quantity (qty)....   [tags: Business]

Strong Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County Essay

- The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County is a delightfully entertaining piece of work. The characters are developed beautifully through fantastic descriptions, amusing actions, and mostly through smooth, flowing, and terrific dialogue. The dialogue is, indeed, the main attraction of this event. Simon Wheeler's speech is optimistic, and above all, very friendly. Wheeler tells of Smiley's antics as any great story teller would. Wheeler offers his own observations generously....   [tags: Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County]

Free Essays
497 words (1.4 pages)

Creating And Capturing Customer Value Essay

- Creating and Capturing Customer Value: Starbucks Starbucks is the coffee shop I prefer, as for a long time its stores could be found fairly easily in the cities I’ve lived in and visited. They have the ability to capture and maintain customer value through not only their great menu items and service, but in the elaborate rewards program that entices people to spend more at Starbucks, suggesting food items or different beverage options through their web and mobile app interface, luring customers away from competitors....   [tags: Coffee, Espresso, Starbucks, Coffeehouse]

Strong Essays
1217 words (3.5 pages)

Analysis and Performance in Cricket Essay

- Analysis and Performance in Cricket Poor form can be defined as a decline in performance level which has persisted over a reasonable period of time, possibly a couple of weeks. Poor form is generally a temporary short-term problem, however, if the issue is not addressed, performance may continue to deteriorate, leading to the athlete becoming disillusioned and distanced from the sport. Within the sporting community, there is a well known saying; “form is temporary, class is permanent.” This statement highlights the underlying assumption of most coaches, an athlete’s skills and abilities do not fluctuate greatly, however, performance levels may vary over time....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
749 words (2.1 pages)