The British Colonization Of Australia Essay

The British Colonization Of Australia Essay

Length: 1237 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1770, Captain James Cook discovered, and claimed Australia to be controlled by the control King George III of England. However by 1788, this new territory was colonized by what is known as the First Fleet, which consisted of eleven ships, and approximately 1,350 people. These colonists landed in Camp Cove, where they encountered the Cadigal natives. This was the first colony Britain set up in Australia. Soon after, the Second Fleet arrived with the necessary food and other supplies needed to survive. The majority of the Second Fleet was made up of British convicts, who among other crew, died on the ship traveling to Australia. The remaining people were able to set up a government, which was controlled completely by the British crown. The impact of the British colonization devastated Australia with widespread population loss because of epidemics, and it filled Australia with the British convicts, who were moved to Australia to be separated from the British; British colonization also was the cause of the Myall Creek Massacre, and the establishment of the Native Institution, which lead to the assimilation of the Aboriginal culture.

Among the primary reasons for British colonization in Australia, Britain was searching for a territory to use their convicts for labor in new colonies. The British would use convict labor to set up foreign colonies, as well as for the development of public works in colonies, such as roads, bridges, courthouses, and hospitals. The jobs in the colonies depended on the skills of the criminal, meaning that the educated criminals would be employed as record keepers, while the rest of the men were used for labor as carpenters, bricklayers, cattlemen, farmers, or even servants. These were the jobs that w...


... middle of paper ...


...d to learn and take part in European, or “white” customs; however in some cases instead of being assimilated into European culture the Aboriginal people were excluded from society, removed from reserves, and lost their jobs, because of the widespread racism against the Aborigines. As a result of this assimilation, the majority Aboriginal culture was destroyed. A leading Indigenous Professor, Michael Dodson said, “Assimilation relied on the well-established and widely-accepted view that we were inferior to white Australians, that our way of life, our culture and our languages were substandard. Embedded within the policy of assimilation was a clear expectation of the cultural extinction of Indigenous peoples.” Dodson is saying that the entire point of the assimilation policy was to eliminate Aboriginal culture, in order for European culture and influence to take over.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Imperialism And The British Colonization Essay

- When it comes to imperialism, probably nothing else pops up into one’s mind so readily as the British Empire. Imperialism is by definition, according to Dictionary.com, the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies. British colonization is kind of like the elephant in the room when it comes to world history of the last few centuries. As they say, the sun never set on the British Empire, since British imperialism expanded into Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and really just about anywhere that was able to provide something for the British....   [tags: Colonialism, British Empire, United Kingdom]

Better Essays
1664 words (4.8 pages)

Overview of British Imperialism Essay

- Overview of British Imperialism   Imperialism is when a world power colonizes a smaller country or kingdom, and then proceeds to exploit the land and resources of the kingdom or country. Through the majority of the 18th century, imperialism was a dominant force on global relations. During the peak of the Age of Imperialism, Queen Victoria and her British empire dominated the world. British Imperialism started in the late 1700’s because of population growth and the advances in technology industrialism that occurred during the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: British History, Great Britain, Colonisation]

Better Essays
2240 words (6.4 pages)

Essay on The Impact Of British Imperialism On The World

- The glorious British Empire, at its height the most powerful régime in the world. Just a small island off the western coast of Europe, Britain grew to the span across the entire globe, effectively creating am Empire where the sun never set. Colonization, industrialization and a sense of nationalistic destiny drove the once expansive Empire. We still see effects of British imperialism today, which our global economy, as well as national tensions that germinated as a result of decolonization. Moreover, industrial revolution and push for independence manifested as a result of British influence....   [tags: British Empire, United Kingdom, Imperialism]

Better Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)

Analysis Of The Article ' Inventing Australia Revisited ' By Considering Nation And National Identity

- This essay discusses White’s statement from the article: “Inventing Australia Revisited” by considering nation and national identity, relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians and gender relations. In the first part, this essay indicates how White refutes traditional claims about the nation and national identity, and then asserts nation and national identity are social and cultural products. There are three typical claims about the nation and national identity. First, it assumes that all members of the nation share certain characteristics....   [tags: Indigenous Australians, Australia]

Better Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Contrasting Colonial and Indigenous Use of Natural Resources in Australia

- Indigenous Australians are believed to have arrived onto Australian mainlands across the sea of from Maritime, Southeast Asia 40,000 –70,000 years ago. In 1606 was the first known landing within Australia by Europeans by a Dutch navigator named Willem Janszoon. During the 17th century other Dutch navigators explored the western and southern coasts of Australia, numerous European explorers followed, however, in 1770 Lieutenant James Cook explored the East Coast of Australia representing Britain returning with accounts favouring colonisation at Botany Bay, New South Wales....   [tags: history, European colonization]

Better Essays
926 words (2.6 pages)

Australia's Aboriginal Roots Essay

- Australia's Aboriginal Roots Any educated American student knows that Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492 and founded America. Only later do they learn that America already had an indigenous population that Columbus, by his own error, named Indians. Pre-existing populations were forced off of their lands and placed on reservations, effectively changing – and in many cases destroying – life and culture as they knew it. This kind of history is not exclusive only to America. Even fewer people know of the pending extinction of the indigenous culture in Australia – the Aborigines....   [tags: Australia History Essays]

Better Essays
900 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Aborigines in Australia

- Aborigines in Australia Aborigines are believed to have lived in Australia for between 60,000 and 40,000 years, their early ancestors coming from South-East Asia. Precise population details for the period before European colonization are unavailable, but it is estimated that there were between 300,000 and 1,000,000 Aborigines in Australia when European settlers first arrived in 1788. The relationship between the aboriginals and the settlers were an issue that would haunt history for more then two centuries....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
878 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about The Effects of Colonization on African Countries

- The Effects of Colonization on African Countries If Africa were a person, it would be a wise, young, memorable woman with a difficult past. It would be wise because of its knowledge through experience, young because of its age in comparison with other countries, memorable because of its life-long history, and a woman because of its patience and grueling work. The continent Africa, to some extent is all these things; but because Africa consists of at least 54 different countries, each with its own chronicle, it is cannot be a person, for a person is a characteristic individual....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1791 words (5.1 pages)

The Colonization of New Zealand: Before, During, and After Essay

- Back then, much of the world was becoming part of the British Empire. One of the countries that got sucked into the great superpower was New Zealand. New Zealand, a series of islands found in Oceania, was found by many countries, but the British was the one who eventually colonized it, as they found that ruling it would be beneficial. With colonizing this area, there were some ups and downs with the British and the indigenous people. Therefore, looking back at history, it is noticeable that the British affected the natives negatively and positively, and has also left a trademark on the culture today that can be found in New Zealand....   [tags: great fleet, europeans, islands]

Better Essays
897 words (2.6 pages)

Australia and Indigenous People Essay

- “From the surface one may look upon Australia as being the ‘lucky county’ however when explored deeper Kayleigh Richmond came to the conclusion that this so called ‘lucky country’ isn’t all that ‘lucky’ for marginalized groups in Australia, the literature of these marginalized groups in Australia certainly substantiates this point”. Many sources of literature suggest that Australia is not considered the lucky country for migrants, indigenous and other marginalized groups of people living in Australian society....   [tags: marginalized groups, traditional life]

Better Essays
946 words (2.7 pages)