The British Colonization Of Australia Essay

The British Colonization Of Australia Essay

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In 1770, Captain James Cook discovered, and claimed Australia to be controlled by the control King George III of England. However by 1788, this new territory was colonized by what is known as the First Fleet, which consisted of eleven ships, and approximately 1,350 people. These colonists landed in Camp Cove, where they encountered the Cadigal natives. This was the first colony Britain set up in Australia. Soon after, the Second Fleet arrived with the necessary food and other supplies needed to survive. The majority of the Second Fleet was made up of British convicts, who among other crew, died on the ship traveling to Australia. The remaining people were able to set up a government, which was controlled completely by the British crown. The impact of the British colonization devastated Australia with widespread population loss because of epidemics, and it filled Australia with the British convicts, who were moved to Australia to be separated from the British; British colonization also was the cause of the Myall Creek Massacre, and the establishment of the Native Institution, which lead to the assimilation of the Aboriginal culture.

Among the primary reasons for British colonization in Australia, Britain was searching for a territory to use their convicts for labor in new colonies. The British would use convict labor to set up foreign colonies, as well as for the development of public works in colonies, such as roads, bridges, courthouses, and hospitals. The jobs in the colonies depended on the skills of the criminal, meaning that the educated criminals would be employed as record keepers, while the rest of the men were used for labor as carpenters, bricklayers, cattlemen, farmers, or even servants. These were the jobs that w...

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...d to learn and take part in European, or “white” customs; however in some cases instead of being assimilated into European culture the Aboriginal people were excluded from society, removed from reserves, and lost their jobs, because of the widespread racism against the Aborigines. As a result of this assimilation, the majority Aboriginal culture was destroyed. A leading Indigenous Professor, Michael Dodson said, “Assimilation relied on the well-established and widely-accepted view that we were inferior to white Australians, that our way of life, our culture and our languages were substandard. Embedded within the policy of assimilation was a clear expectation of the cultural extinction of Indigenous peoples.” Dodson is saying that the entire point of the assimilation policy was to eliminate Aboriginal culture, in order for European culture and influence to take over.

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