Bipolar Disorder And Its Effects On The Development Of Offspring Essay

Bipolar Disorder And Its Effects On The Development Of Offspring Essay

Length: 1964 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Offspring of parents who have bipolar disorder are cognitively affected whether it be biological effects, genetic heritability, or an imbalance of neurotransmitters. Argumentatively, offspring are at high risks for developing bipolar disorder and various mental disorders rather than offspring of regular functioning adults. Through cross-sectional analysis, researchers have sampled various groups collecting data. Many of their hypotheses conclude that offspring of parents with bipolar disorder have been placed into an environment prone to the development of various psychiatric disorders. Both parenting styles and family environment have a large impact on the development of offspring (Chang 2003). Early onset of bipolar disorder in adolescents and children is at its peak. The National Comorbidity Survey-Revised tested six hundred and forty-two adults with bipolar disorder and results indicated that 50-66% of them reported that they were diagnosed with bipolar disorder before the age of eighteen. Fifteen to twenty-eight percent reported they were diagnosed before the age of thirteen. Equifinality is defined as different pathways leading up to the same result. Equifinality plays a large role in the early onset of bipolar disorder, in that there is no main cause of BD but multiple reasons leading to the same outcome, such as genetic heritability or environmental causes (Miklowitz 2008).
Bipolar Disorder is a mental disorder combating between deep depressive symptoms and manic episodes. Symptoms fluctuate between four possible bipolar states which include mania, hypomania, depression, and mixed episodes. Neurotransmitters such as noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin are released at irregular levels during these four bipolar states....

... middle of paper ...

...rnstein 2015).
Bipolar disorder is a result of equifinality showing that there is not a particular cause of early onset in children and adolescence. Factors such as heritability, family environment, biological factors all contribute a small amount to developing bipolar disorder in childhood. Studies have shown that BD has a high comorbidity rate contributing to the onset of other mental disorders such as ADHD and anxiety. Substance abuse is a prevalent issue when dealing with bipolar disorder and the rate of people abusing drugs and alcohol has skyrocketed over the years. Early onset of BD in children can be slowed down with family-focused therapy or can be treated with medications such as antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. Overall, bipolar disorder is being constantly researched for new ways to aid people with this disorder and subdue early onset in children.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Essay

- Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health....   [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]

Strong Essays
972 words (2.8 pages)

Child Development: Heredity and Environment Essay

- The distinction between nature versus nurture or even environment versus heredity leads to the question of: does the direct environment or the nature surrounding an adolescent directly influence acts of delinquency, later progressing further into more radical crimes such as murder or psychotic manifestation, or is it directly linked to the hereditary traits and genes passed down from that individual adolescent’s biological parents. To answer this question one must first understand the difference between nature, nurture, environment, and heredity....   [tags: mental disorders, caregivers, surroundings]

Strong Essays
1252 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Prenatal Alcohol Exposure And Development

- Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Development Brittany Blossfeld California State University, Fullerton   Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Development Consumption of alcohol by pregnant women can have serious and life threatening affects to their offspring ranging from death to devastating deformities. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are an umbrella of malformations and defects that can appear in the children of mothers who consumed high levels of alcohol during pregnancy. A fetus exposed to varying levels of alcohol is being exposed to a teratogen, which can be defined as any agent or substance that could potentially restrict normal prenatal development, leading to birth defects (Santrock...   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Nervous system]

Strong Essays
1648 words (4.7 pages)

Bipolar Disorder: The Roller Coaster Ride From Hell Essay

- Bipolar Disorder: The Roller Coaster Ride From Hell Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is often misdiagnosed, left untreated and misunderstood by the patient, family and friends. Its treatment varies among the different types of the disorder. The forms of Bipolar are characterized by symptoms of the patient and the symptoms are treated according to the patient’s needs. However, many symptoms are often misdiagnosed and untreated. This mistreatment or lack of treatment can lead to devastating results....   [tags: mental illness, proper treatment]

Strong Essays
1374 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Risks of Gene Therapy

- Genes are made of DNA – the code of life. Everyone inherits genes from their parents and passes them to their children. (Gene Therapy- The Great Debate!) The changes in genes may cause serious problems, which we called genetic disorder. Scientists have currently identified more than 4000 different genetic disorders. The most typical gene disorders include Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (ADA-SCID) and Chronic Granulomatus Disorder (CGD), hemophilia, etc. In theory, the only method to cure genetic disorders is gene therapy, which basically means the replacement of genes in order to correct the loss or change in people’s DNA....   [tags: Replacing Genes, Effects]

Strong Essays
915 words (2.6 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Essay

-      You have probably heard and may even have used the term hyperactivity. The notion is a modern one: there were no hyperactive children 50 to 60 years ago. Today, if anything, the term is applied too often and too widely. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) estimates that all teachers have in their classrooms at least one child with ADHD (Simmons, RG. 1993).      Actually, hyperactivity is not one particular condition: it is “a set of behaviors” such as excessive restlessness and short attention span that are quantitatively and qualitatively different from those children of the same sex, mental age, and socioeconomic status (Gutskey, T.R....   [tags: Hyperactivity Children Disorders Health Essays]

Strong Essays
3254 words (9.3 pages)

The Effects Of Fast Food On Children Essay

- April’s Fast Food Looking around tons of children are incapable of providing for themselves, thanks to fast food causing autism. Fast food is the cause of several current issues, one being autism. Because of fast food industries’ nonstop need to utilize processed materials as nourishment, which is a leading cause of autism spectrum disorder, children all over America suffer.[2&3] Autism owns its very own causes and effects, but before something can create a repercussion, it must develop. Autism has causes, effects, and development....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Causes of autism]

Strong Essays
1309 words (3.7 pages)

Autism: Seeing Through Their Eyes Essay

- Autism occurs at many different ages and it is important to know the causes, effects, and solutions of this disorder. Autism is a persuasive developmental disorder (PDD). It causes delays in the development of basic skills (Autism Spectrum). Symptoms of this disorder are usually shown before the age of three. The symptoms range from mild to disabling severity (Autism Spectrum). Autism affects 1 in 88 children and 1 in 54 boys. The rate of children with this disorder is growing. More children have been diagnosed this year than those with diabetes, AIDS, etc....   [tags: Digestive Tract, Developmental Disorder]

Strong Essays
1578 words (4.5 pages)

Child And Adolescent Clinical Psychopharmacology Essay

- Kids will be kids. What could be more natural than playfulness in a child. Everyone has heard this phrase, and with the acceptance of this notion, society’s tolerance of the unruly behavior of children has been much simpler. In fact, most adults today see restlessness, hyperactivity, inattentiveness, and impulsivity as something that every youth possess, and instead categorizes it as a part of childhood that, in time, everybody grows out off. Yet, according to Preston, O’Neal, and Talaga, the authors of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychopharmacology Made Simple, this false concept could be extremely detrimental to the health of children everywhere since it hinders the early diagnosis of th...   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1612 words (4.6 pages)

Pharmacological Agents Taken During Pregnancy Effects On The Postnatal Health Of Fspring

- Research findings consistently display evidence that pharmacological agents taken during pregnancy could have serious effects on the postnatal health of the offspring. These effects, though not necessarily present directly after birth, may have lifelong consequences. One drug commonly utilized by mothers-to-be is the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) antidepressant, Fluoxetine. This antidepressant is commonly used to treat depressive disorder, anxiety, eating disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder....   [tags: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor]

Strong Essays
1745 words (5 pages)