Offspring of parents who have bipolar disorder are cognitively affected whether it be biological effects, genetic heritability, or an imbalance of neurotransmitters. Argumentatively, offspring are at high risks for developing bipolar disorder and various mental disorders rather than offspring of regular functioning adults. Through cross-sectional analysis, researchers have sampled various groups collecting data. Many of their hypotheses conclude that offspring of parents with bipolar disorder have been placed into an environment prone to the development of various psychiatric disorders. Both parenting styles and family environment have a large impact on the development of offspring (Chang 2003). Early onset of bipolar disorder in adolescents and children is at its peak. The National Comorbidity Survey-Revised tested six hundred and forty-two adults with bipolar disorder and results indicated that 50-66% of them reported that they were diagnosed with bipolar disorder before the age of eighteen. Fifteen to twenty-eight percent reported they were diagnosed before the age of thirteen. Equifinality is defined as different pathways leading up to the same result. Equifinality plays a large role in the early onset of bipolar disorder, in that there is no main cause of BD but multiple reasons leading to the same outcome, such as genetic heritability or environmental causes (Miklowitz 2008).
Bipolar Disorder is a mental disorder combating between deep depressive symptoms and manic episodes. Symptoms fluctuate between four possible bipolar states which include mania, hypomania, depression, and mixed episodes. Neurotransmitters such as noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin are released at irregular levels during these four bipolar states....
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Bipolar disorder is a result of equifinality showing that there is not a particular cause of early onset in children and adolescence. Factors such as heritability, family environment, biological factors all contribute a small amount to developing bipolar disorder in childhood. Studies have shown that BD has a high comorbidity rate contributing to the onset of other mental disorders such as ADHD and anxiety. Substance abuse is a prevalent issue when dealing with bipolar disorder and the rate of people abusing drugs and alcohol has skyrocketed over the years. Early onset of BD in children can be slowed down with family-focused therapy or can be treated with medications such as antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. Overall, bipolar disorder is being constantly researched for new ways to aid people with this disorder and subdue early onset in children.
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