Basic Principles Of Lean Management Essay

Basic Principles Of Lean Management Essay

Length: 1305 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Toyota Production System represents a manufacturing culture of continuous improvement based on eliminating waste through involving all employees in the process. The objective of the TPS is to reduce the lead-time until the time it is delivered to the actual customer. Basically, TPS aims to produce the highest quality at the lowest cost as much as possible, and with the minimum lead-time possible.
Methodologies: Lean management is customer oriented. There are five basic principles of lean management (Arnheiter & Maleyeff, 2005):
• Understanding customer value
• Value stream analysis
• Flow
• Pull
• Perfection
The main elements contributing to the elimination of non-value-added activities are the following: excess production, excess processing, delays, transport, inventory, defects and movement. A variety of approaches are available for reducing or eliminating waste. These approaches include value stream analysis, total productive maintenance, Kaizen costing and cost analysis, engineering and change management, and document management. Tools used include Kanban Cards for pull through the supply chain and the closely related JIT system for inventory reduction.
Lean Six-Sigma:
Lean Six Sigma is a philosophy of doing business with focus on reducing or eliminating defects in conjunction with improving the flow in the value stream. Lean Six Sigma combines the two most important improvement trends of our time: reducing the variation of the process and making work better (using Six Sigma methodology) as well as making work faster and more efficient (using Lean Manufacturing principles).
Six Sigma and lean manufacturing are toolkits to reduce waste in any kind of business processes. Lean is an approach that seeks to improve flow in the...


... middle of paper ...


...that internal auditing take a proactive approach rather than reactive approach when auditing quality management, for this reason, internal auditors must be familiar with the concept of quality management and plan their audit in a way that detects deficiencies in the design and implementation of quality policy and procedures and related system. For example, under the traditional auditing, internal auditors can identify and quantify loss due to waste and report the finding to management, however under modern internal auditing a thorough analysis - which require understanding of quality management theories and concepts - in order to add value and ensure that the appropriate corrective actions is taken.
Finally, as discussed in the last section, the concept of quality management is applicable to the internal auditing as well and is required as part of The IIA’s Standards.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Management Techniques In Lean On Me

- One of the main objectives of an organization is to beat its counter part in our possible way. In order for an organization to insure that they must be good at leading, planning, organizing and controlling their resources and materials to accomplish performance objectives. In other words management. There are four main types of management, Classical, Behavioural, Quantitative and now the Modern Approach to Management. The Modern Approach states that there is no one good way of management. A successful organization utilizes all the types of management....   [tags: Leadership Management Lean on me]

Free Essays
1322 words (3.8 pages)

Lean Manufacturing : Home Work Essay

- INEN : 5354 LEAN MANUFACTURING Home Work 2 T.S.R.Sanjay (L20352031) 8/6/2015   1) Investigate and explain in your own words Just-in-Time production (JIT). JIT- Just in Time was an approach used to achieve Lean manufacturing. JIT to explain it shortly it means producing right item at right time and at right quantity. Toyota introduced JIT approach in 1950 when the company facing Tough competition, high capital investment, rapid change in automobile market in terms of price value and technology....   [tags: Lean manufacturing, Kanban, Manufacturing]

Better Essays
1182 words (3.4 pages)

Logistics, History, and Principles of LEAN Manufacturing Approach Essays

- LEAN Logistics History and Principles of LEAN In the mid 1950s Taiichi Ohno started developing the methodology and principles of the Lean Manufacturing Approach in the form of the Toyota Production System (TPS) and to implement it at Toyota in the automobile assembly line production, which at that time was extremely unprogressive and of inferior quality. The essential principle of the LEAN Manufacturing Approach is the implementation of the workflow in which all work sequences throughout all corporate functions are standardized and continuously optimized – holistically integrated without department, division or country boundaries....   [tags: toyota, standardized, transportation]

Better Essays
895 words (2.6 pages)

Lean Management Essay

- Production relates to where raw materials also known as inputs are converted into outputs. The main role of production is to produce services and products that customers demand in the most economical and efficient way (Kumar 1999). Production planning and control is necessary in making decisions concerning utilization, acquisition, and allocation of resources in production processes with the objective of satisfying customer needs effectively and efficiently. It is used in determining workforce level, assigning of overtime work, sequencing the order in which tasks follow and deciding on production quantities (Graves 1999)....   [tags: Production, Input, Output]

Better Essays
1594 words (4.6 pages)

Operations Management : A Field Of Management Essays

- Operations management is a field of management concerned with controlling the process of production and designing supervising, organizing and planning in the contexts of production. Also it includes business operations in the production of goods and services. It has the responsibility for ensuring that business operations are benefit and efficient. In other words, organization successfully processes from inputs to outputs in an efficient way. It is concerned to manage the process that turns inputs like raw materials, energy and labor (human resources- staff or workers) into outputs such as goods and services....   [tags: Management, Operations management]

Better Essays
2310 words (6.6 pages)

Exploring Improvement Keys in Lean Management for Workplace Solutions Essay

- 3.0 Material Efficiency - Applying Keys When exploring the 20 keys to workplace solutions efficiency relates to the following three keys: Key 19: Conserving Energy – Conserving Energy and Materials Key 12: Developing Vendors – Developing Your Suppliers Key 4: Trimming Down Inventory – Reducing Inventory 3.1 Conserving Energy Conserving energy and materials are a vital part of a properly functioning business. There are many different ways in which this can be performed to most benefit both the suppliers and the consumers....   [tags: business strategies, cost reduction and efficiency]

Better Essays
1537 words (4.4 pages)

Software Development: Lean + Agile = Results Essay

- Lean on Agile In this competitive world of software development speed, accuracy and reliability play an important role during the development of a product. Traditional software development models like waterfall model lack these features which makes them not so feasible with the current scenario. The characteristics which traditional methods failed to address were achieved by agile methodologies, which are rapid, flexible, efficient and iterative. Lean, which was proven to be useful in the manufacturing industry is now has its applications even in software industry and is referred as Lean Software Development....   [tags: programming, coding, optimization]

Better Essays
2619 words (7.5 pages)

Essay on The Total Quality Management ( Tqm )

- CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study In the late 1970s and early 1980s, previously unchallenged American industries lost substantial market share in both US and world markets. To regain the competitive edge, companies began to adopt productivity improvement programs which had proven themselves particularly successful in Japan. One of these improvement programs was the total quality management (TQM) (Kaynak, 2003). Since the 1980s to date, there has been an increasing awareness and implementation of practices associated with TQM as well as other manufacturing practices (Cua, Mckone, & Schroeder, 2001)....   [tags: Management, Quality assurance, Six Sigma]

Better Essays
2013 words (5.8 pages)

Research: Improving Patient flow in Outpatient Department At Apollo Main Hospital, Chennai

- ... Reddy in 1983. Apollo is a private healthcare provider in Asia with hospitals in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Ghana, Nigeria, Republic of Mauritius, Qatar, Oman and Kuwait. Apollo hospitals plan to add 2,955 beds across India in the next three years. Several of the group's hospitals have been among the first in India to receive a form of international healthcare accreditation; the America-based Joint Commission International (JCI). The Hyderabad hospital, headed by Dr. K. Hari Prasad, (CEO – Central, Apollo Hospitals Group) was the first in the world, outside the US, to receive JCI's Disease- or Condition-Specific Care (DCSC) Certification in addition to general accreditation when it re...   [tags: patients, health, lean, communication]

Better Essays
3391 words (9.7 pages)

The Five Principles Of Lean Thinking Essay

- 1. Lean thinking is focused on eliminating waste throughout the company. It also places emphasis on looking through the customer’s point of view and providing value to them. 2. The five principles of lean thinking are: a. Define value – this focuses on defining what the customer’s value in different products and services provided by the company. The emphasis is on the customer and how the company can provide value to them. b. Identify the value streams – this requires company’s employees to see how the organization functions through the eyes of the customer....   [tags: Manufacturing, Lean manufacturing]

Better Essays
710 words (2 pages)