The Banking Concept Of Education Essay

The Banking Concept Of Education Essay

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In the “Banking Concept of Education,” Paulo Freire explains the differences between the banking concept of education and problem posing education. The banking concept holds students in a confined area of mind and are treated like objects, while the teacher is seen as the subject. Aside from this view, educators are more known as oppressors who look down upon students because, in their eyes, students are merely a depository that receive, file, and store deposits (Freire,1). The more information a “depository” retains, the better student they are. This idea transforms the way education is viewed because it is supposed to be a free realm instead of a confined space. The banking concept of education does not fulfill the needs of students because they lose their right to speak freely and propose ideas in the learning environment. The most effective way to further educate and enlighten a student is by utilizing problem posing education. Students should feel free to speak their mind and ask questions in order to learn more about the world.
The only way students retain information correctly is when they understand the reason behind a lesson or fact. Other factors include: being in a comfortable and emotionally safe and trusting environment. This does not only pertain to the students and peers but to the teacher as well. In order to attain the standard of problem posing education, teachers can not treat students as nameless objects that memorize information like machines. As Freire stated, “education is a place of freedom” (Freire, 8). Teachers must break the standard of being the superior figure in the room and step down to create a more comfortable feeling among students. Opposed to the intimidating feeling of ...


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...by exposing us to different ideas.
The differences between the banking concept of education and problem-posing are highly recognizable among students because we are the ones who either hold or retain the knowledge that takes us through life. When teachers see students as containers who are only capable of holding the information that is thrown at us, students will view themselves this way as well. When a teacher sees his student "as his private property," (Freire, 7) they will never succeed past his class. It is clear that problem posing education rules over the banking concept of education because students retain the knowledge and information they learn through conversation and exposure. Through the process of conversation, cognition, and exposure a student enjoys learning and achieves overall success in attaining the knowledge they need in life.

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