Aristotle's Notion on Eudaimonia and Virtue Essay

Aristotle's Notion on Eudaimonia and Virtue Essay

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In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics he accounts that humans should make sacrifices and should ultimately aim first and foremost for their own happiness . In the paper I will argue that it is really in a person’s best interest to be virtuous . I will do this by first describing Aristotle’s notion on both eudaimonia and virtue , as well as highlighting the intimate relationship between the two . Secondly I will talk about the human role in society. Thirdly I will describe the intrinsic tie between human actions . Finally I will share the importance of performing activities virtuously .
The central notion of Aristotle is eudaimonia or “happiness” which is best translated as a flourishing human life . Happiness is a complete and sufficient good , and ever human aims for this “good” . It is a good that is chosen for its own sake and is the mean to the highest good , which is happiness . There is a contemplation about what constitutes as happiness , because it is dependent on each individual . Aristotle argues that a person’s life can not be determined as happy or unhappy until after they are dead . He says this because we consider human’s life as a whole not as a brief moment in time , therefore we can not establish if a person has a happy life until we can evaluate their life as a whole .
Virtue is a right or appropriate feeling at the right time , towards the right person or object in the right way . In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics he discusses different types of virtues such as : fear , honor , magnificence , wit , and truthfulness . Virtue is then held between two extremes , excess and deficiency . Possessing the mean is dependent on the circumstances and requires prudence in order to distinguish what the mean is . Acting virtu...


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6 . Dinan, Matthew. "Tragedy and Self-Knowledge in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, . 2011-02-10
7 . "Nicomachean Ethics” by Aristotle

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