The central notion of Aristotle is eudaimonia or “happiness” which is best translated as a flourishing human life . Happiness is a complete and sufficient good , and ever human aims for this “good” . It is a good that is chosen for its own sake and is the mean to the highest good , which is happiness . There is a contemplation about what constitutes as happiness , because it is dependent on each individual . Aristotle argues that a person’s life can not be determined as happy or unhappy until after they are dead . He says this because we consider human’s life as a whole not as a brief moment in time , therefore we can not establish if a person has a happy life until we can evaluate their life as a whole .
Virtue is a right or appropriate feeling at the right time , towards the right person or object in the right way . In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics he discusses different types of virtues such as : fear , honor , magnificence , wit , and truthfulness . Virtue is then held between two extremes , excess and deficiency . Possessing the mean is dependent on the circumstances and requires prudence in order to distinguish what the mean is . Acting virtu...
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