Any action that goes against the principles of that community is unethical. Therefore, by operating under the foundation of the will to do good unto others, I believe the code is good code because it considers the welfare of everyone, not just one individual. As time goes by, it is important to review the values one has so as ensure that necessary changes are made when the needs of the community
He says that we conform to this “social contract” because it looks out for our best interest and protects ourselves from others in society by being able to hold those others accountable due to having a third party, the government. I know this example from our readings seems kind of odd to use but I chose this section because I wanted to drive home the point I’m trying to get at. That being that in order to live a good life people must be decisive in knowing what is right and wrong, because if people are not then we would fall into this hypothetical
Someone who believes in virtue ethics believes that certain virtues are necessary to have a good life and be a good person. They strive to either learn or better use the virtues that they have or are trying to develop. For example, stated in the text is “Virtue ethicist...agree with Aristotle that the cultivation of virtues is not merely a moral requirement-- it is a way (some would say the only way) to ensure human flourishing and the good life” (137). That statement brings me to my next point as to why Virtue ethics is more convincing than the other systems of
They go on to explain that while other forms of ethics deal with moral principles, “What should I do?”, virtue ethics is an approach that asks the question “What kind of person should I be?” (para. 3). The “virtues” are defined as traits like honesty, integrity, respectability, understanding, fairness, goodness, and anything else that shows who we really are and how we want society to see us. As BBC (2014) puts it, the virtues are person-based rather than based on our actions. This encompasses our natural tendency as humans to see a persons’ “character” in their actions rather than the “right or “wrong” of the action itself (para.
Martin Luther King Jr. believes there are two specific types of laws: just and unjust. Just laws are ones in which humans must obey in order to maintain the safety, equality, and freedom of the individual. He states that “one has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws.” Justly, these laws benefit society and are intended to align with the moral conscience of the human being. On the other side “one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws” as, according to St. Augustine, "an unjust law is no law at all.” Unjust laws are simply a moral mistake in the governmental system that require being broken, whether that be through civil disobedience or simple negotiation to prompt the change. The way in which one determines
Estlund begins his debate by explaining how certain epistemic criteria are compatible with principles of proceduralism. By asserting this he is forming the basis of an argument around the premise that the legitimacy of an outcome does not entirely depend on it’s moral correctness. Instead, he takes it from the perspective that legitimacy is gained by the epistemic value of the procedure that produced it. Democratic procedure gains its legitimacy from the belief that if all of the qualified points of view are accounted for then the best among those choices is the most acceptable outcome. This means that two people may hold different opinions but it is the opinion of society as a whole that is considered to be the legitimate prescription to the problem.
Another division found in virtue ethics is the development and manifestation of virtues. While several philosophers stress the importance of developing virtues in the character, so these virtues can manifest later in actions, other philosophers claim virtues should not be developed subjectively and generalize their development based on the entire society (Oakly & Cocking, 2004). In other words, it is possible to argue that Sally did not develop the virtue of justice and equality because she worked against existing policies and treated one client differently. In this scenario, she did not display loyalty to the company, but it is possible that her compassion overpowered her sense of logical reasoning.
Respect for Autonomy is when people are allowed to reign over themselves and be able to make choices that apply to their lives. Justice is another principle and it states that ethical theories should have actions that are fair to the people involved. Cognitive Moral Development is basically teaching about ethics education, it teaches people to develop a moral cognizance. During this theory there are six stages there to teach us to move on to a higher level of thinking. Rights are rights set by society that protect and give the highest priority, rights are considered right and valid.
However, moral issues are more personal while some laws that apply to a community govern ethical issues. Any action that goes against the principles of that community is unethical. This of course varies from generation to generation and from community to community. Therefore, by operating under the foundation of the good will and doing good deeds for others, I believe the code is moral because it considers the welfare of everyone, not just one individual. As time goes by, it is important to review the values one has in order to ensure that necessary changes are made when the needs of the community
Thus, we do not only have to thank society for the mutual protection and peace it affords us; we also owe our rationality and morality to civil society. In short, we would not be human if we were not active participants in society. This last step determines the heavily communitarian perspective that Rousseau adopts. If we can only be fully human under the auspices of the social contract, then that contract is more important than the individuals that agree to it. After all,...