An Atheist Article, The Cosmological Argument, And The Teleological Argument

An Atheist Article, The Cosmological Argument, And The Teleological Argument

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In H. J. McCloskey’s On Being an Atheist article, he argues against two philological design arguments: the cosmological argument, and the teleological argument. He also discusses his views on theists’ faith, the existence of evil, and free will. McCloskey states in his article that theists’ views on atheists are wrong. This statement I found out was true after reading his entire article. My previous view was that atheists did not care about following rules or being moral. I also believed that they are bad people. I understand now that an atheist can be a good person who wants the world to be good. Additionally, I see what their true thoughts on the existence of evil and God is. In this paper, I will respond to his arguments against the two philological design arguments and the statements he makes about faith, the existence of evil, and free will.
McCloskey states in the second paragraph of his article that “proofs” are not the reason most theists come to theism (McCloskey 1968). This statement is not supported with statistics in his article, but is true. Most theists do not consider cosmological or theological arguments when deciding to believe in God. Mike Fleischmann conducted a survey which determined that 56% of Christians come to Christianity during a significant transition period or crisis. These events include marriage, becoming a parent, illness, family-related issues, finances, and many more (Fleishmann 2010). These people also did not grow up in a Christian home, so that did not influence their decision to become a theist. They were also between the ages of 21 and 50 when they came to Christianity. His research also showed that 11.4% of these people do not remember the exact moment they decided to become a Christian. The...


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... hand, Christians believe that an afterlife and they would find comfort and security in knowing that if the child did die- they would go to Heaven.
McCloskey’s article addresses the cosmological argument, the theological argument, faith, the existence of evil, and free will. As he discusses his views on each of those subjects, he keeps a similar theme throughout his article. This theme is the concern of an omnipotent, all-powerful, and all-perfect God making an imperfect world where evil exists. The best way to respond to his concerns is through Augustine’s views of why and how evil coexists with good. Also, many theists belief in God gives them comfort and security, because they do not believe God is the cause of evil. I think this article is a great representation of the views of atheists and is good for people to read who do not know much about atheists’ beliefs.

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