An Analysis Of James Madison Writes 's Federalist No Essay

An Analysis Of James Madison Writes 's Federalist No Essay

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James Madison writes in Federalist No. 51, “[i]n framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.” He goes on to explain his concept of “compound republic” in which two distinct governments (national and state) are further subdivided into separate departments. In each of the two distinct governments, the legislative, executive and judicial branches (departments) work like a scale to balance each other and prevent one from gaining too much power or influence. This is the “double security” for the “rights of the people.” (Federalist No.10 & 51).
Madison was very concerned about the negative effects of factions: “[a]mong the numerous advantages promised by a well-constructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its tendency to break and control the violence of faction” (Federalist No. 10). In the most widely-read of the Federalist papers, Madison states that one of the strongest arguments in favor of the Constitution is the fact that, through a system of checks and balances, it establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions (defined as a group of people who gather together to protect and promote their special economic interests and political opinions). In addition to factions being at odds with each other, they frequently work against the public interest, and infringe upon the rights of others (Madison Federalist No.51).
Both supporters and opponents of a faction are concerned with the political instability produced by rival factions. In our current day, factions are so pervasive that many Americans a...

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... most from a strong national government (Keeping the Republic).
Madison concludes that he is confident that the public will not listen to those “prophets of doom” who say that the proposed government is unworkable. Madison further states that “according to the degree of pleasure and pride we feel in being Republicans, ought to be our zeal in cherishing the spirt and supporting the character of federalist” (James Madison).
The most important idea James Madison shares in Federalist 10 was that the size of the United States and its variety of interests could be guaranteed stability and justice under the new constitution. When Madison wrote this, accepted opinion among sophisticated politicians was exactly the opposite. His “compound republic,” with its “double security” for the “rights of the people,” has survived for over 200 years (James Madison, Federalist Papers).

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