Aging population in China, Japan and Korea Essay

Aging population in China, Japan and Korea Essay

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China, Japan and Korea have lots of similarities; such as they start economic development and growth within a short period of time, which is 1960s of Japan, Korea in1970s and China had economic reform since 1978. They have successfully controlled their population growth which population transition from high birth rate to low birth rates in a short period of time. Population aging is one of the social issues which they are facing. This essay will examine their differences and the impact or significant toward their neighbouring countries.

Level of aging population
People who are above 65 year old in China, Japan and Korea in the proportion of their country’ total population is 8.87%, 23.1% and 11.3% respectively in 2010. The aging rate in 2000 is 6.96 %, 17.3% and 7.3%, respectively. Compare with the record in 2000 and 2010, there are increases of 1.91, 5.8 and 4 percentage points. The growth of aging rate of Japan and South Korea is far beyond China which more than the twice of China’s. However, in terms of aging speed, Korea is ageing faster than Japan and China. It can be seen that time required in doubling the proportion of elderly population from 7% to 14% of China and Japanese were 25 years and 24 years respectively, while 17 years in Korea. Japan was the first country among China, Japan and Korea in facing aging problem when they were in 1970s but China and South Korea almost simultaneously entered an aging society in 2000s. Situation in Japan is quite serious as it caused labor shortage; the government has encouraged elderly continue to work until 70 years old. Also, aging population in China has China characteristics which it is more serious in the eastern part.

Life expectancy of elderly
There is a large gap of a...


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