Essay about Acute Renal Failure : The Loss Of Kidney Function

Essay about Acute Renal Failure : The Loss Of Kidney Function

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Acute renal failure is the loss of kidney function. As a result of this, your kidneys lose their filtering ability. Wastes then excrete into the blood stream which can be very dangerous. This condition can develop very quickly, anywhere from a few hours to a few days. According to Stanbridge’s urinary disorders PowerPoint, “The causes and pathophysiology of acute renal failure are categorized as prerenal, intrarenal, and post renal.” Prerenal is the most common type of acute renal failure. It results in hypoperfusion, which is decreased blood flow in the body; and ischemia, inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body. Prerenal causes can also be, dehydration, fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. Intrarenal is caused by direct damage to the kidney tissue, and post renal acute renal failure is the least common. Post renal acute renal failure causes urinary tract obstruction which can lead to serious kidney damage.
There are many different diagnostic exams that would be used to diagnose acute renal failure. There might be an abdominal ultrasound, X-ray, CT scan, or MRI of the abdomen so the doctor can see if there is a blockage in the urinary tract. According to Medline Plus (2012), some of the lab tests include, BUN, creatinine clearance, serum creatinine, serum potassium, and urinalysis. According to Needham (2005), “Accepted diagnostic criteria include an increase in the serum creatinine level of 0.5 mg per dL or a 50 percent increase in the creatinine level above the baseline value, a 50 percent decrease in the baseline-calculated glomerular filtration rage, or the need for acute kidney replacement therapy.” BUN, potassium and phosphorus would all be elevated as well. But the bicarbonate level, hemoglobin and hematocrit, ...

... middle of paper ... the patient has a diet that is high in carbohydrates and has moderate fats. Administering medications as prescribed, and also providing skim care to increase comfort and to prevent breakdown. A very important part is making sure that the client is prepared for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis if needed. Some of the long terms goals is getting the patient back to feeling better, and helping with emotional support for the client and their family.
Overall, acute renal failure can take an emotional toll on someone body and mind. Making sure the patient is aware of what is going on and comforted is very important. The recovery period can take up to 12 months until the renal function is fully restored. So maintain a strong patient bond can be very helpful for the patient and can help them understand and feel more confident during this difficult time in their life.

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