Essay on A Philosophical Approach On Happiness Theory

Essay on A Philosophical Approach On Happiness Theory

Length: 980 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Utilitarism is a philosophical approach known also as Happiness theory. It is a science that takes
as its basis usefulness of morality, that is tremendous principle of happiness, holds that actions are
good, if you contribute to happiness and bad if you contribute to the opposite. According to its
proponents, human action is approved or disapproved by the level of pleasure or pain that it brings. The
standard of right or wrong and their effects are said to govern our thoughts, words, and actions. This
theory also suggests, that a property 's measure is the benefit and contentment it brings to a person or
an individual. According to it, the interest of the community is considered to be factious since
community comprises of individuals, therefore; it is impossible to consider the interest of the
community without regarding those of individuals. Thereby, an action conforms to the principle of utility
when it is a source of gain or happiness for individuals in the community
The measuring factors of pleasure or pain that is experienced by the community or individuals
are its circumstances. The intensity of the occurrence whether pleasure or pain will be a good way of
measuring the value of pleasure. The more intense the feeling is the more valuable experience of
pleasure or pain will be to the individual. Other factor that might have an influence on the amount of
happiness or sadness will be time. People wants to experience joy for the longest possible time and
minimize experience of pain to the shortest period of time, therefore; the decisions and experiences
that results with pleasure for the longest time will be the most valuable to them. Individual experience
and certainty of a choice will also decide...


... middle of paper ...


...vide for a greater good to the others
is considered morally wrong according to the Kantian theory. Such an action would constitute treating
a human as a means and not as an end. Kantians also disagree with the utilitarian belief that pleasure is
the point of life; they consider this to be degrading to humans.
The quest for happiness is a choice, and thus it cannot be claimed that everyone wants the same
thing. I think that Kant’s theory of morality have a better application in everyday life situations. It
ensures justice by supporting everyone’s right to be treated fairly not just for the greater good of
society. This view is the basis of the human rights application in the world. The maxim on categorical
imperatives gives people the autonomy to pursue happiness in a way that is reasonable and does not
involve lying, manipulation or committing suicide.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Philosophical Study Of Morality

- A system of rules is organized by an association of people to establish a society. These rules enhance the lives of the people to organize as a community and progress. One of these rules is the rule of conduct: which ought the people to do or ought not to do depends on the situation. These rules constitute a phenomenon of Morality. The philosophical study of morality is an ethical principle where conduct is rationally and systematically analyzed for the benefit or harm to other people. The predominant focus of ethics is based on the voluntary and moral choices of the people....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Utilitarianism]

Strong Essays
1932 words (5.5 pages)

The Philosophical And Ethical Theories Essays

- Doctor Turns To Kevorkian: Oak Brook Man’s Suicide Enters Right to Die Debate In the article, Doctor Turns to Kevorkian: Oak Brook Man’s Suicide Enters Right to Die Debate, Kiernan and Gottesman, (1993) tells the story of Dr. Ali Khalili and probes the merits of his decision to end his own life, and his choice of asking Dr. Jack Kevorkian to assist him. The purpose of this paper is to consider and explain how the philosophical and ethical theories; cultural relativism, the American social contract, and utilitarianism would judge Dr....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism]

Strong Essays
1140 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on The Philosophical Theories of Utilitarian and Kantian Ethics

- The philosophical theories of Utilitarian and Kantian Ethics propose opposing theories on the moral worth of an action. Early utilitarians’ proposed that human beings seek pleasure and that pleasure is the only intrinsic good and since they seek pleasure, they also made a claim that humans tend to avoid pain. Therefore as humans, we tend to follow through on the actions that maximize pleasure; this theory had been simplified into the idea that actions should bring about “the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number”....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Good Life: Plato and Paul

- The Good Life: Plato and Paul For the span of all philosophical theory, the quest for the “good life” or permanent and final happiness has time and again been at the forefront of human motivation and thought. In surmising on how to make our lives good, it is not uncommon to believe that existing in the customary ways, given the lifestyles humans naturally form in becoming adults, is not automatically the preeminent way to exist. If we were to dedicate deliberate and conscious thought to the problem, a superior method may appear....   [tags: philosophical theory]

Strong Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)

Happiness in Aristotle’s work: The Nicomachean Ethics Essay

- ... However, if this was true happiness would be a mental state and one would be happy while sleeping (1098b32-1099a3). Similarly, many associate honor and politics with happiness. Again Aristotle disputes this idea by stating that under this idea a person relies too heavily on others’ judgments rather than following his or her own beliefs. Essay The first book of Nichomachean Ethics involves Aristotle’s studies of mankind’s morality and the nature of human happiness. Aristotle goes on to define a virtuous life as one of happiness....   [tags: Ethics, Actions]

Strong Essays
635 words (1.8 pages)

Ethical and Philosophical Questions about Value and Obligation Essay

- Ethical and Philosophical Questions about Value and Obligation I Recall the distinction between metaethics and normative ethics. Normative ethics deals with substantial ethical issues, such as, What is intrinsically good. What are our moral obligations. Metaethics deals with philosophical issues about ethics: What is value or moral obligation. Are there ethical facts. What sort of objectivity is possible in ethics. How can we have ethical knowledge. Recall, also, the fundamental dilemma of metaethics....   [tags: Metaethics Normative Ethics]

Strong Essays
971 words (2.8 pages)

Global Poverty and Philosophy: Why the Capabilities Approach Applies Essay

- Global Poverty and Philosophy: Why the Capabilities Approach Applies Although our world is becoming increasingly more technologically advanced and developed, one billion people are still expected to live in extreme poverty by 2015 (Country Comparisons). As long as humanity has existed, there have been impoverished people left behind in the wake of advancement. Many philosophical theories have been published attempting to solve global poverty, and while some are better than others, they all draw attention to various facets of the issue....   [tags: utillitarianism and libertarianism]

Strong Essays
2143 words (6.1 pages)

Essay on The Ethical Theory Of An Organization

- A system of rules organized an association of people to establish a society. These rules enhance the lives of people to get organized and progress. One of the rules is the rule of conduct which ought the people to do or ought not to do depends on the situation. These rules constitute a phenomenon of Morality. The philosophical study of morality is an ethics which are rational and systematic analysis of conduct that can be a source of benefit or harm to other people. The predominant focus of an ethics is based on the voluntary and moral choices of the people....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism, Morality]

Strong Essays
1964 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on Utilitarianism : An Ethical Theory

- Arguably England’s most influential philosopher of the 19th century was none other than John Stuart Mill, a main proponent to utilitarianism — an ethical theory placing emphasis on the consequences of our actions. The ultimate goal of utilitarianism is to provide a scientific approach to decision making, while simultaneously seeking pleasure and avoiding pain. As a young woman pondering the right course of action for my future, Mill’s contributions to utilitarianism are both practical and intriguing to someone in my situation....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, John Stuart Mill]

Strong Essays
1388 words (4 pages)

Arguments Against Utilitarianism Essay

- As a philosophical approach, utilitarianism generally focuses on the principle of “greatest happiness”. According to the greatest happiness principle, actions that promote overall happiness and pleasure are considered as right practices. Moreover, to Mill, actions which enhance happiness are morally right, on the other hand, actions that produce undesirable and unhappy outcomes are considered as morally wrong. From this point of view we can deduct that utilitarianism assign us moral duties and variety of ways for maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain to ensure “greatest happiness principle”....   [tags: Happiness, Morality, Actions]

Strong Essays
1464 words (4.2 pages)