In order to choose the most appropriate model when faced with an ethical dilemma it is important to have a good understanding of the frameworks. Ethical decision-making models are designed around different ethical theories. These approaches consisting of the deontological approach, consequentialist (utilitarian) approach and the virtue approach. The virtue approach implies that an action is right if it is what a virtuous agent would do in the circumstances. (Brown, 2001).
To make critically thought out and ethically sound decisions, you should evaluate, analyze, and then implement the solution. A framework for ethical decision making was developed and is utilized to provide a guide for ease of use. This Ethical Framework is a product of dialogue and debate of Manuel Velasquez, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ker is in relation to her environment and human development might influence her decision as well. In order to arrive at a sound solution for ethical issues requires critical thinking and analysis. Marian Mattison, (2000) summarized: Keep in mind that the goal of sound ethical reasoning is not to reach the “right” solution but rather to rationally and systematically consider the ethical aspects of a case and to be clear about the basis on which the decision was made.
Rather, I argue that both types of utilitarianism could avoid the conflicts mentioned before, and could account for the significance of justice and honesty. It is suitable to define justice and honesty before evaluating act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism. To our common understanding, justice is that people should get what they are due (Audi), while honesty requires one to tell the truth, and to be trustworthy. Although in extreme situations, the limits given by justice and honesty can be reasonably crossed, it is still widely accepted that this kind of limits should be well-respected (Deigh 102). In short, justice and honesty are moral rules that can rarely be violated.
For instance, creating a safe and nurturing environment for my clients and addressing their needs by establishing a therapeutic alliance that makes them feel safe. Principle C is integrity meaning counselors seek to promote accuracy, honesty, and truthfulness in the field of psychology. For instance, using empirical evidence and well establish practices to provide the best care for all my clients. Principle D is justice meaning psychologist recognize that fairness and justice are entitled to all clients. By applying this principle into my decision-making process, I am implying that I will treat all my clients equally.
They need to be committed to make this as part of the natural conversation that occurs in every office, every unit and part of every day. Living your values is one of the most powerful tools available to you to help you lead and influence others. That defines your character. Leaders know what they value. They also recognize the importance of ethical behavior.
He acknowledges the need for decentralization in such a big company, for the purpose of which the right people have to be picked and allowed to run the segment as if they own it. Ever since becoming a CEO, he has made worker satisfaction a top goal for Wells Fargo. He has also introduced incentives for his ?people goals? expressed in the generous bonuses (ranging from 10 ... ... middle of paper ... ...is The financial data for the company is convincingly good-to-great. Its revenues has been rising constantly since 1998 as can be seen on the exhibit.
This theory comes into play both in general life and also in an organizational manner. American Express makes sure to bestow the proper attention of each need level as best they can. A second theory existing in American Express is the Empowerment Theory. This theory describes the process of enabling workers to set their own work goals, make decisions, and solve problems within their sphere of responsibility and authority (Griffin, 461). This company makes an extreme effort to make sure that all employees feel empowered to make decisions for themselves as long as it is within their knowledge level.
This model identifies five moral principles which are: justice, autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and fidelity. These fundamental guidelines are used to clarify issues that involve any given situation. Ethical guidelines may not address all situations, but will allow a counselor to explore ethical dilemmas and conflicting issues. Counselors are responsible to encourage clients to make their own appropriate decisions and to act on their own values. Two important things to consider when counseling client are: autonomous encouragement helps clients understand how their decisions and values that may or may not receive within the context of the society; they live in or may impinge on the rights of others (Kitchener,
Everyone in this world has experienced an ethical dilemma in different situations and this may arise between one or more individuals. Ethical dilemma is a situation where people have to make complex decisions and are influenced based on personal interest, social environment or norms, and religious beliefs (“Strategic Leadership”, n.d.). The leaders and managers in the company should set guidelines to ensure employees are aware and have a better chance to solve and make ethical decisions. Employees are also responsible in understanding their ethical obligations in order to maintain a positive work environment. The purpose of this case study is to identify the dilemma and analyze different decisions to find ways on how a person should act
After analyzing the three most common criteria for choosing a morally significant being I conclude that moral agents decide who is morally significant by looking at the interests of the society as well as the interest of the morally significant being and deciding if the morally significant beings interests are comparable to those of a moral agent. in my opinion, ethical relativism is a good concept because people who live together in a society can produce rational ideas which will eventually lead to ethical decisions and after that, laws. Works Cited Birsch, Douglas. Introduction to Ethical Theories A Procedural Approach. Long Grove: Waveland Pr, 2013.