A New Model for Education and Architectural Expression in Women’s Colleges

A New Model for Education and Architectural Expression in Women’s Colleges

Length: 1685 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The 1885 opening of Bryn Mawr College, represented the beginning of the end for traditional pedagogy and campus design for women’s colleges. Although its original scheme drew on Smith College’s design principles, the boundaries imposed in Northampton were cast off in the development of the new college. Molded by a woman experienced with Cornell, Johns Hopkins, and German universities, Bryn Mawr provided its students with a distinctive blend of university and women’s college. In this way, it separated from the architectural and governance practices that had typified the higher education of women and adopted for women the academic environment, scholarship, and behaviors of men. Specifically, Bryn Mawr dissolved the characteristic architectural tradition of the women’s colleges, with its goals of protection, control, and subjugation—not long after its conception, its more egalitarian quadrangles were claimed in the designs of the other members of the Seven Sisters campuses. These educational and design innovations would not have been possible without the efforts of Martha Carey Thomas, Bryn Mawr’s first dean and later president.
In 1877, Joseph Wright Taylor and a number of his colleagues on the Haverford College board decided to found a Quaker college for women, “for the advanced education and care of young women and girls of the higher and more refined classes of Society.” Located on a thirty-two-acre tract neighboring the Pennsylvania Railroad and five miles from Haverford, the Bryn Mawr campus was in its early stages designed by Addison Hutton (fig. 1). A Quaker architect who had just designed Barclay Hall at Haverford, Hutton was instructed to build in a way to tone down any excesses or fanciness.
Bryn Mawr’s founder and ...


... middle of paper ...


...ings to the 1930s. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984. 105-34.
Langdon, Emily A. “Women’s Colleges Then and Now: Access Then, Equity Now.” Peabody Journal of Education 76, no. 1 (2001): 5-30.
Merriam, Ruth Levy. “The Remodeling of the Deanery.” In A History of the Deanery, Bryn Mawr College. Bryn Mawr: Bryn Mawr College, 1965. 1-24.
McPherson, Mary Patterson. "A Century of Building at Bryn Mawr." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 142, no. 3 (1998): 399-415.
Vickery, Margaret Birney. “The Little Band of Pioneers: Girton College.” In Buildings for Bluestockings. Cranbury: Associated University Press, 1999. 1-40.
Wein, Roberta. “Women’s Colleges and Domesticity, 1875-1918.” History of Education Quarterly 14, no. 1 (1974): 31-47.
Welch, William H. “Contribution of Bryn Mawr College to the Higher Education of Women.” Science 56, no. 1436 (1922): 1-8.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Value Of A College Education

- Is Education Empowering or Just Expensive- The Value of a College Education The value of a college education is in doubt as one hears stories of college graduates who end up working at McDonalds, or Starbucks. Many students are rethinking the true value of going to school for another four years versus jumping into the workforce straight out of high school. However, though the amount of student debt has increased along with inflation and more students than ever are taking out student loans, the true value of a college graduation may be more than money can measure....   [tags: Higher education, High school, Education, College]

Powerful Essays
1118 words (3.2 pages)

Thou Shalt Not Steal: Should Colleges Allow Self-Plagiarism? Essay

- Plagiarism, the act of using another’s words or ideas without giving due credit, is a known cultural taboo. Yet given the ease with which it can be done in our electronic world, it is more widespread than ever. In response to the deluge of plagiarism in colleges, professors have expanded its definition and made it more restrictive. Not only do they consider using the work of another as plagiarism, many consider reusing one’s own work, or “self-plagiarism,” as severe a crime. A paper written for one course may not be used to satisfy a different course requirement, even when written by the same person....   [tags: education, ethics, moral]

Powerful Essays
1201 words (3.4 pages)

Essay The New Academic Freedom and Its Effects on Higher Education

- The idea of “academic freedom” in American higher education is a fairly new concept. Before a recent change in educational practices, religious ideals were deeply rooted in higher education curriculum. By the late-twentieth century, however, the idea of academic freedom became more prevalent across the higher education community. As a result, the influence of religion played a lesser role in the development of curriculum across colleges and universities as professors seized their newly granted academic freedom....   [tags: influence of religion in curriculum creation]

Powerful Essays
1052 words (3 pages)

History of American Education, and No Child Left Behind Essay

- 1620-1776 Precess, Boundaries Colonial America of 1620-1776 began the system for free public education for all New England colonies except Rhode Island. Has this system for free schools been maintained in part by “public funding?’ The Puritans believed the local governments should see to it that all children learned to read the Bible. Without being able to read the Bible, the children would not know how to denounce Satan. The Eight General Assembly, provided, for the people of each county, by a two-thirds vote to tax themselves three and one-third cents per dollar for school purposes....   [tags: NCLB, Public Education]

Powerful Essays
1046 words (3 pages)

Essay on Continuing Education: Market Driven or Student Centered?

- Continuing Education: Market Driven or Student Centered. One enduring controversy in continuing education is whether programs should be market driven. The controversy has some connection with the pervasive image of the marginality of continuing education in higher education as well as the concept that continuing education programs must be self-sustaining. As Edelson (1991) says, "This principle of having to pay its own way is the single most distinguishing feature of American continuing education today" (p....   [tags: School Education Learning Essays]

Free Essays
1703 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on The Education Of Canadian Community Colleges

- Canada is a federal country, sparsely populated, resource-rich in the West - Dagger large-scale industrial developed countries. Vocational education is also very well-developed, mainly post-secondary vocational education, its educational types are: to grant diplomas and certificates in community colleges (equivalent to China 's vocational) education; non-academic vocational training and preparatory training; adult vocational education and training. Higher vocational education is in various forms: There are two-year or three-year specialist, four-year undergraduate (with the University Liaison Office), and one-year post-graduate professional certification classes....   [tags: Higher education, Vocational education, Education]

Powerful Essays
1715 words (4.9 pages)

Essay about The Developmental Education Of Community Colleges

- Developmental education in community colleges has become a heavily debated topic in recent years. The nation has reached a pivotal point where jobs are requiring more education. On the other hand, college graduation rates have yet to reflect the growth shown in enrollment, specifically in community colleges. Therefore, the developmental education model has come under fire. Many people claim that between the faulty testing practices that places students in those classes, and the amount of time students spend taking these non-credit courses that they are doing more harm than good....   [tags: Higher education, Education, Adult education]

Powerful Essays
1546 words (4.4 pages)

Liberal Arts Colleges And Their Education Essay

- A crucial topic being debated on in today’s society is core principles and disciplines. When debated and discussed, these two immense topics bring up discussion on liberal art colleges and their education. “Liberal Arts” can be translated in many different ways depending on perspectives. So what exactly is a liberal arts college/education. Patrick Connelly states, “A liberal arts college is a college with an emphasis on undergraduate study in the liberal arts and sciences. It aims to impart a broad general knowledge and develop general intellectual capacities for students” (Pg.18)....   [tags: Liberal arts, Liberal arts college, Curriculum]

Powerful Essays
884 words (2.5 pages)

Evaluation And Expression Of The New Class Essay

- Eventually, I had to decide whether I wanted to continue suffering through this tortuous class, or if I desired a placement into a different course; I decided that it was time for a new class. Ironically, some individuals believed that the new class would be one in which less free thought and expression occurred. The faculty involved in switching my class indirectly stated that the structure of the new class ran parallel to the structure of a classroom utilizing the “baking method”, and advised me to continue my participation in the other class....   [tags: Education, Teacher, School, Test]

Powerful Essays
1143 words (3.3 pages)

Inadequate Secondary Education in the United States Essay

- Inadequate Secondary Education in the United States ‘Tis education forms the common mind; Just as the twig is bent the tree’s inclined. Pope – Moral Essays Two years ago, I used to work at a photo shop in downtown Philadelphia. Except for me, the only foreigner, there were five Americans working there. Once, we talked about the American life in the beginning of the twentieth century. To support my opinion, I used an example from a short story called “The Gift of the Magi” by a famous American writer O....   [tags: Educational Learning School Essays]

Free Essays
923 words (2.6 pages)