to determine the differences that may exist in coping styles and levels of stress in men and women.
Despite the many studies that have been done on the relationship between stress and health, the
nature of this has not yet been clearly established (Matud, 2004). Coping has been defined as the
constantly changing cognitive and behavioural efforts to manage specific external and/or internal
demands that have been evaluated as taking up, or exceeding the resources of the person (Lazarus
and Folkman, n.d. as cited in Matud, 2004).
The term stress has been defined in various ways as many factors contribute to the incline of a
persons stress levels,eg: environment (stimuli) and life events. These are referred to as stressors.
When an individual's ability to adapt is challenged it causes physiological responses, such as
increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and the presence of hormones and neurotransmitters
(Selye, 1993). These reactions heighten the arousal of an organism to effectively deal with stress,
Selye et al., 1993. Suldo, Shaunessy and Hardesty (2008) discovered it is possible to adapt to
normal levels of stress; as this heightened arousal prepares an organism to effectively deal with
stress. When these levels exceed the normal levels often and/or for extended periods of time, health
and mood deteriorate, leading to positive rather than negative coping strategies.
Researchers, in particular Matud (2004) have conducted studies to discover which
gender is more susceptible to stress, the environmental and life events that contribute to increased
... middle of paper ...
... Matud (2004), who explored gender
differences in some stress process variables in a broad range of the general population. The aim of
the research conducted was to address the differences in stress between men and women, and their
differences in coping styles and emotional control Matud et al. In comparison to examining
subjects with similar life history and social roles, observing representatives of all the
sociodermographic groups could yield varied results. However, once these results are determined a
more accurate result can be achieved. It could be assumed that positive coping methods offered by
professionals, could be more effective if it is known how men and women cope with stress.
Although these coping strategies may vary in relation to men and women, the outcomes could be
more effective than a "one for all" solution.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- It can be said for most parents that they want their children to grow up to be successful contributing members of society. Being a parent is a difficult, yet rewarding task. But why do some types of parenting result in juvenile delinquency while others find success. There are four generally recognized parenting styles and are categorized: authoritarian, permissive, neglectful, and authoritative. This essay will break down the various styles, its type(s) of discipline and effectiveness. The authoritarian style of parenting is control focused and militaristic in approach.... [tags: compare, contrast, comparison]
942 words (2.7 pages)
- Introduction There has been a proliferation of interest in the development and nature of individual’s thinking patterns and processes following traumatic psychological exposure (Ehlers, Mayou, & Bryant, 1998). In particular, previous research has suggested that specific thinking styles and patterns preceding trauma predict a greater vulnerability and a poorer long-term prognosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Dalgleish, 2004). Moreover, the literature has illustrated that adolescents can be predisposed to developing PTSD which develops as a result of either direct or indirect exposure to a trauma.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
658 words (1.9 pages)
- A Comparison of The Harvest Gypsies and Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck does not portray migrant farm worker life accurately in Of Mice and Men. Housing, daily wages, and social interaction were very different in reality. This paper will demonstrate those differences by comparing the fictional work of Steinbeck to his non-fictional account of the time, The Harvest Gypsies. The first area that will be compared is housing. In Of Mice and Men the housing is described by the following passage: "The bunk house was a long, rectangular building.... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
969 words (2.8 pages)
- On this occasion I will compare and contrast the four styles of creative intelligence and the influence on organizational decision making. I will discuss the five influences on the mental models/mind sets and will include and explain examples of how these are commonly used to guide my decision making at work and how these models influence my decision making at work. What is creative thinking. Creative thinking is; the process used when one comes up with a new idea. It can be accidental or deliberate (Creative Thinking, n.d).... [tags: Compare Contrast]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- Men vs. Women I do not pretend to be a complete expert in the vast world of men and women. However, as one of these creatures, I decided early on in life to do my best to figure out the relationship between us and our counterparts. This was very interesting to me because, unlike most people, I do not believe that we simply "evolved" to become what we are today. I believe we were created the way we are by a very big God who knew what He was doing, and did it for a purpose. After a mere 18 years of observation, I have concluded that we as humans are trying to look too deeply into the purpose of "man" and "woman." We make the relationship too complicated.... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
1757 words (5 pages)
- Many people in high school, mostly teens, experience dozens of pressure in their life. To be specific, Schoolwork. Most teens want to excel in school, but want to have a social life or play some kind of sport. One thing that teens don’t understand is that once you’re out of high school, you have college, and then maybe graduate school. Our education will not be over just in High School. You have to work hard and these four years of your life, will impact everything that you do. If you mess up even once, it may ruin everything.... [tags: Stress]
875 words (2.5 pages)
- The purpose of this paper is to define stress and how it effects the body's physiological systems. This paper will include the normal functions and organs involved in the following five physiological systems, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, immune and musculoskeletal. This paper will also include a description of a chronic illness associated with each physiological system and how the illness is affected by stress. Stress means different things to different people and stress effects people in different ways.... [tags: Impact Stress Physiological Systems]
2588 words (7.4 pages)
- Stress and Performance Too much stress can contribute to health problems. Stress can also reduce your ability to perform at the highest levels. The negative effects of stress can impact profitability and quality of life. The Physical response: The Stress Response will: Increase heart rate, speed breathing or you might hold your breath, tightens muscle to prepare to fight or to flee, directs blood to brain and major muscles (away from digestion, hands/feet, Reproductive organs), releases stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline, slows or stops digestion, causes the brain to be more reactive/less thoughtful, increases perspiration, reduces immune system response.... [tags: Health Stress Management]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- Job stress has proven to be a difficult issue to tackle. Unlike physical or chemical hazards, there is not an obvious tangible hazardous agent. This issue has also been preempted by corporate stress management, health promotion, or employee assistance programs, which explain stress as a purely personal reaction, and often treat the symptoms, not the causes, of job stress. The occupational stress field also has been plagued by a variety of definitions and difficulties in measurement of stress.(Buunk,De-Jong,Y-Bemas&De wolff,1998) In addition, changes in job design or work organization are often inherently more "systems challenging" and require more radical restructuring of workplaces than red... [tags: Work Related Stress, Job Stress]
2598 words (7.4 pages)
- Psychological stress is a result of many factors and should be dealt with very carefully. Stress can be defined as “An excess of demand made upon the adaptive capabilities of the mind and body”.(Joseph 1). Another way of putting it, is that there are some things that put certain demands on us. The effects of stress should not be limited to unpleasant emotional states. Many studies have concluded that the effects on our physical health from stress can be extremely detrimental. These adverse physical effects include heart disease and formations of cancer.... [tags: Health Impact Psychological Stress]
1812 words (5.2 pages)