Why People Develop Phobias from Certain Things? Essay

Why People Develop Phobias from Certain Things? Essay

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Phobia, defined by the Oxford Dictionary as “an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something.” Each person can experience different types of phobia; some people suffer from Arachibutyrophobia, which – believe it or not – is fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of the mouth, and others suffer from Phronemophobia, which is a fear of thinking, can you imagine that? Phobia immensely affects the lives of those who suffer from it, as it is something that they cannot control nor can they change without professional help. Many of those who suffer from specific types of phobia are held back in life due to it; it feels as though loose ropes are tying you down, therefore you can easily get out of them, however your brain is rejecting the ability to do so. I suffer from Arachnophobia, which is the fear of spiders, and I decided to base my paper on this subject, as it is something I experience very often.
As I made my way down the stairs in order to go out and meet my friends, I switched on the lights and to my surprise, right across from me stands my worst nightmare and I stand paralyzed, not knowing what to do and too afraid to make the slightest move. Tears start rushing down my face, unintentionally, and I go blank. I try to call someone to help me, as they come down to see the look on my face they automatically know what has happened and start to laugh at how terrified I am, they reach for a tissue and walk right up to it and just like that, pick it up and throw it out. Something that is my worst nightmare, something that has the ability to paralyze me and make me feel as though my heart is going to beat out of my chest, is just a little bug to others.
Psychoanalysis is a method of psychological therapy that was originate...


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...ce is a pure example of classical conditioning. As the shock from what I was not expecting – in my case, a spider crawling on my hand – is the unconditioned stimulus, the spider being the neutral response and my reaction being the unconditioned response. This would have helped me as I would have understood that my fear is not from spiders themselves, but that the spiders have become the conditioned stimulus, and that every time I see a spider it triggers the fear and shock I felt the first time I had an encounter with the Araneae.
In conclusion, there are many explanations as to why people develop phobias from certain things. Sometimes it could be caused by a childhood experience that has stayed with you in your adult life, and sometimes it could be triggered by a neutral stimulus after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus, making it the conditioned stimulus.

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