Why Does Gender Stratification Exist? Essay

Why Does Gender Stratification Exist? Essay

Length: 1048 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

‘Wrap Your Mind around the Theory’
Question: Why does gender stratification exist?

Throughout history, women have been regarded as of lesser value than men particularly in the public sphere. This is the result of gender stratification. Gender stratification refers to the issue of sexism, “or the belief that one sex is superior to the other” (Carl et al., 2012, p. 78). The theory that men are superior to women is essential to sexism. The negative consequences of sexism has led to the pursuit of successful careers by some women, normally considered as masculine, as something to avoid. Possible reasons for this could be they may be seen as less desirable as mothers or spouses in the private sphere.

The private sphere, known as the area of reproduction, includes everything domestic; washing, ironing, buying food, cooking, house maintenance, childcare etc. It is women who tend to be located in the sphere. The public sphere, known as the area of production, includes everything outside the home; education, politics, medicine, media, trades etc. It is men who tend to be located in this sphere. These areas signify the gender roles created to separate the sexes into the roles expected of them. Social and cultural conditioning (socialisation) is responsible for establishing male and female gender roles. The process of gender socialisation encourages traditional gender roles to be implemented in society which then reinforce and justify male dominance. Feminists believe that socialisation leads to gender inequalities as women are socialised into passive or subordinate roles and men into dominant ones. This essay will examine the views of functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism concerned with gender stratifica...

... middle of paper ...

...f that the gender division within society is working to the overall advantage of men. Equality for both genders is a goal that we as a society should strive to have more of, and I believe that men and women are extremely similar and have the same capacities, intelligence and the ability to think so gender divisions are a negative aspect of the way any society is run.

Carl, J., Baker, S., Robard, B., Scott, J., Hillman, W., & Lawrence, G. (2012). Think Sociology. Australia: Pearsons Australia.
Fiorentine, R. (1993). Theories of Gender Stratification: Assumptions, Evidence, and ''Agency'' and ''Equity'' Implications. Rationality and Society, 353. doi:10.1177/1043463193005003004
Lenski, G. (1966). Power and Privilege: A Theory of Social Stratification. NY: McGraw-Hill.
Schwab, K. B. (2013). The Global Gender Gap Report. Switzerland: World Economic Forum.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Gender Stratification And The Occupational Spectrum Causes The Downward Social Mobility For Females

- It is primarily evident that a lot of amendments have been made in the field of employment to achieve a sense of work place equality for men and women. However, there is the understanding that the topic of inequality and inequity is still persistent in contemporary society. It is manifest that there are a numerous amount of barriers that females endure in the workplace environment, and this binary is occurring because of their gender roles. This paper’s intent is to recognize that the concept of gender stratification experienced in the occupational spectrum causes the downward social mobility for females....   [tags: Gender, Sexism, Gender role, Woman]

Strong Essays
1572 words (4.5 pages)

Social Stratification And The United States Essay

- Though the United States is home to many immigrants, controversy surrounds the issue of immigrants in the United States. The United States in a melting pot of various backgrounds and cultures, yet it is hard for all to merge into acceptance of one another. The first chapter of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and class covers stratification, prejudice and discrimination, and inequality. First, the chapters cover stratification. According to study.com “Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy....   [tags: Sociology, Social stratification, United States]

Strong Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

Social Stratification Essay

- Societies all through out time have had some form of stratification, but they varied in their degree of inequality. Social stratification is still in effect in today’s American society and creates social inequality. Newman states “Just as geologists talk about strata of rock, which are layered one on top of another, the “social strata” of people are arranged from low to high” (Newman 2014). Everyone is affected by social stratification and categorized based on their occupation and income. Social stratification has been around all through out history in all kinds of different societies....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]

Strong Essays
1015 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Gender Equality in Saudi Arabia

- Evaluating the degree of gender stratification in Saudi Arabia in comparison to other Middle Eastern counties requires the inclusion of Islamic fundamentals principles in the interpretation of their moral code. Alsaleh (2012) notes the lowest rate of female education and the highest levels of gender restrictions of women are most prevalent within Middle Eastern countries that enforce Islamic doctrine. Saudi Arabia exemplifies the moral and gender-specific Islamic prohibitions through their lack of law “addressing violence against women” (Alsaleh 2012:125), noting that violent crimes against women are rarely reported for fear of reprisal, and discussing them publically is prohibited....   [tags: gender stratification in Middle Eastern countries]

Free Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)

Theories Of Inequality And Stratification System Essay

- Weber, Wright and Tilley each contribute various theories to that can be applied to inequality and stratification within the contemporary United States. Reaching back to Weber’s work on class, status and parties, it is clear that this class is still a relevant concept even today. Weber views the class stratification system as a segmented structure, broken down into the simple components of class, status and party which in turn relate to power within a capitalist society. He defined “class situation” in relation to the following conditions (1) "have in common a specific causal component of their life chances in so far as (2) this component is represented exclusively by economic interests in t...   [tags: Marxism, Social class, Max Weber, Working class]

Strong Essays
1569 words (4.5 pages)

Essay On Social Stratification

- What is social stratification. Social stratification is the emergence of classes, relationships between different groups that are most likely based off of inequality and access to wealth, power, and prestige. For some, social stratification is so important that anthropologists believe that it is necessary to keep a society functioning. As in the book it is almost compared to a caste system, which is a system that is determined at birth. When comparing and contrasting different types of social stratification there are different social classes that existed....   [tags: Social class, Sociology, Working class]

Strong Essays
828 words (2.4 pages)

Social Stratification & Mobility Essay

- Social Stratification & Mobility Individuals in today’s society are separated by many different factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, and economic status. Another form of separation is that of stratification. There are four major systems of stratification slavery, caste, estate, and class. “Social stratification means the differentiation of a given population into hierarchically superposed classes.”(Sorokin, 1964, p. 11) Stratification can either be in the form of an open or closed system. The closed system is one that allows minimal to no movement within the system....   [tags: Sociology]

Strong Essays
1805 words (5.2 pages)

Contemporary Theory: Stratification Essay

- A major concern of modern-day theory would be the impacts of stratification within society. Social stratification is defined as the “hierarchical or vertical division of society according to rank, caste, or class” (Dictionary.com 2014). Social stratification can be operationally defined “as the systematically unequal distribution of power, wealth, and status (Bowles 2013; Kerbo 2000). Stratification sets up that all known societies past and present “distribute its scarce and demanded goods and services unequally” (Grusky, Ku, and Szelenyi 2008; Tumin 1953)....   [tags: Division of Society, Hierarchy, Rank, Society]

Strong Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Race, Class, And Gender

- Race, class, and gender are examples of inequality within the American society today. Inequality is a group people within a society that are doing better economically and have a greater amount of power than people who have a lower social status; people with a lower social status have very few or no amount of power and are doing worse economically (Ritzer, 2013). Social stratification links in with inequality as well, social stratification are when the people in the upper position receive a greater amount of social rewards than the people in the lower position (McIntyre, 2014)....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]

Strong Essays
1198 words (3.4 pages)

Gender Inequality Essay

- This essay aims to focus on the inequalities that exist in the family household and the labour market with the purpose of analysing how men and women’s roles in society have been affected by them. When an individual is born they are given a sex, male or female. This is an ascribed status an individual has no control over. Gender is a social status, man or woman. This is given to an individual by society and decrees the traditional stereotypical qualities associated with the specific gender. Traditionally a man is known to be dominant, strong, and competitive where as a woman is known to be caring, giving, and compassionate....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Sociology, Woman, Transgender]

Strong Essays
1078 words (3.1 pages)