When The Cold War Caught Fire Essay

When The Cold War Caught Fire Essay

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When The Cold War Caught Fire
Beginning after the end of The Second World War in 1945 and extending to the early 1990’s there existed a period of tension and posturing between the two major powers of the world and all of the countries that comprised their ideological periphery that became known as The Cold War. For the countries that were not a part of either of the two major sides of the Cold War the label of “Third World Country” began to be used. In these countries the two powers intervened often for the purposes of protecting security, stimulating economies and promoting ideology within the home country through the use of development, covert action and overt action in the third world countries. The powers felt this interventionism was crucial because of a simple security dilemma. Namely, that if an unaffiliated country was not swept up into the control of one side then the other side would use that power vacuum as an opportunity to sweep up that country into its own control. This conflict as a whole was never considered “hot” between the two main superpowers, the United States of America (USA) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), because there was never an officially declared or acknowledged war fought between the two countries.
However, there were many so called “proxy wars” throughout the nearly five decades of the era. These proxy conflicts shared many commonalities throughout the years. Namely, they often occurred in the so called “Third World Countries” in which one side of the Cold War had invested some sort of capital (whether that be intellectual, monetary, military, or intelligence) and events had either gone to disarray or were going in a direction that one of the sides did not prefer. To put it more ...


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... the US did not have that country on their side. Vietnam was seen as crucial by the Soviets for a variety of reasons that very heavily included the Western Countries not having it as a vassal state anymore. The passive aid eventually lead to outright military aid during the Vietnam War period, which represented covert action and overt action from the Soviet side.
So, both sides of the Cold War saw that the countries on the global periphery were important because they could be used as conduits for the spread of ideology and for the increase of state security. The methods they employed to sway countries to their side included covert action, development, and overt action. To this end, countries like Guatemala and Vietnam were used by the superpowers to further their ends and to both prevent nuclear war and accelerate the growth and prosperity of the powers themselves.

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