The Cold War A war that has created controversy amongst two of the greatest world leaders, United States of America and The Soviet Union, is known as The Cold War. A dispute between once allied countries arose in the Post-WWII era. The United States and the Allied Powers faced many challenges at the end of WWII. America's policy was one that contained the spread of communism in Eastern Europe. Russia, under Lenin's rule called for a world revolution and brought the United States into it.
These countries included Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. Whilst all these countries fought to be the best they didn’t realise what it would lead to, that was a World War. This war formed from years of tensions and little battles. Whilst many say “The blame must firmly lie with Germany” other countries such as Austria-Hungary, Russia, France and Britain all had some involvement in a dispute before World War 1. Since the late 19th century and early 20th century, there has been major tension within Europe.
The Cold War began after World War two leaving the United States and the Soviet Union two of the strongest allies fighting against the Axis. Even though they had a strong allied relationship, the two countries did not always agree on the same ideas. For example the United States did not agree how Soviet Union was a communist country under Joseph Stalin’s rule while they believed in capitalism. The United States had no take over the Soviet Power and was one of the strongest countries militarily at the time. The Soviet Union had grudges held against the United States, like not entering the war soon enough causing many of the Russian soldiers to die, which also added tension to their alliance.
The Cold War was an ideological battle on how to industrialize aspects of modern society. With countries weakened due to World War II, America and the Soviet Union both rose as a strong, dominant power to the rest of the world. The United States feared that communism would spread through Eastern Europe, then to countries like Italy and France, which would then move to them (The Origins of the Cold War). As Kaufman states in her book “A Concise History of U.S. Foreign Policy”, an unintended consequence of World War II was establishing the context of the Cold War, as a result of the clashing power between the Soviet Union and United States (Kaufman 83). From this, there are many theories that political scientists have established to explain how
In conclusion, a post-World War II conflict arose between the United States and Russia as a result of growing distrust between the two opposite nations. The Cold War was fought between the US and Soviet Union as they both tried to spread their governmental policies to other countries. Through conferences and changing control of postwar Europe, the two nations acted against each other to preserve the interests of their countries and sought to beat one another in a postwar race in power.
The revolution was fast and the Bolsheviks took power quickly and pulled Russia out of the war just as quickly. The other Allies, Britain and the U.S. resented the loss of a front on the German Empire and the greater stress it put on them. The Bolsheviks quickly disposed of all opposition with the exception of the Mensheviks who were backed by the U.S. and Britain. The Russian Civil War began and after long and bloody period ended with the Bolsheviks remaining in power and the murder of the Romanovs, the royal family, effectively endi... ... middle of paper ... ...ng as the world's police and working to secure democracy everywhere. The cold war had many effects on everything from everyday life to policy issues.
For many the growth in weapons of mass destruction was the most worrying issue. The Cold War is also said to be the conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations led by the United States. This war was fought by all means of propaganda, economic war, and occasional military clashes. The ends of World War II lead to the start of the Cold war. The US, Britain and Russia were only allies because of a common enemy – Germany; Russia was communist and the US capitalist and democratic; Both the US and Russia emerged from the war as super powers; Europe was divided between the parts retaken by the Russians and the parts retaken by the US and Britain; The iron curtain is a metaphor for this division.
On 25 October 1917 the Lenin-led Bolsheviks seized control of the Russian government. This Russian revolution had little effect on America until 1919. With the war over Americans began to focus more on domestic matters, the biggest issue being the fear of communism in the United States. 1919 Marked the beginning of the first Red Scare. This was a period of extreme fear of communism in America.
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Stalin had wanted to "cripple" Germany's economy, to protect the USSR from future th... ... middle of paper ... ... them, as they were trying to 'Contain" Communism. Many Russian Historians blamed the Cold war on Winston Churchill and President Truman. They believed that Truman and Churchill wanted to "Destroy" the U.S.S.R, which was just protecting itself from attack. In turn, many weatern writers blamed the Soviets for the Cold War, and said that Stalin was "Trying to build up the Soviet empire". As time went on, many western historians began to blame the USA for the Cold War.