Essay on The War Of South Korea

Essay on The War Of South Korea

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When Truman arrived in Washington on June 25 he and his advisors discussed the situation in Korea. They decided they would give the South Koreans: American aid, remove American civilians in the conflict zone, and move naval units northward from the Philippines . Naval units were moved north from the Philippines because they thought that mainland China under Mao Zedong would launch an invasion of Formosa under Chaing Kai-shek. On June 26 the situation was worse so they decided to allow bombings and they increased aid to friendly nations nearby . Truman and his advisors thought that South Korea could still repel the invasion with American aid and air strikes against North Korea forces and American supplies. But the South Korea army was losing ground to the advancing North Korean army; on June 28 Seoul the capital of South Korea fell. On July 20 a few American troops had arrived, the North Korean forces captured the entire Western side of South Korea. All the American, South Korean, and United Nations forces on July 20 were fighting in the bottom right corner eventually falling back to the Pusan perimeter.
In addition to sending aid on June 25 to South Korea Truman also asked Douglass MacArthur who was the United States command in the Far East his opinion on the situation and in a surprise move MacArthur personally went to South Korean. MacArthur reported that the South Korea forces would likely fall without any foreign troops and asked permission for a regimental combat team and two American divisions to be sent to Korea . Truman received the message on the morning of June 30 and approved the regimental combat team on his own, a few hours later he gathered his advisors and they agreed to MacArthur’s request for two American division...


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...he first time that a president of the United States used the United Nations as a justification to send American troops to participate in combat. Over the past 70 years presidents still use the same justification as Truman when sending troops in United Nations missions, this power has become institutionalized with the use by presidents of both parties since Truman. So it meets the criteria for it to be type two venture constitutionalism. Based on Truman and the Korean War, it is better to get a congressional resolution even though the president does not need one because the political costs are higher if a president acts unilaterally. Because the president will likely still need the Congress for the remainder of their term to pass legislation in order to support that mission or other issues whether they are domestic, economic, or foreign policy that may need addressing.

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