Essay on Values in Urban Studies

Essay on Values in Urban Studies

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In Urban Studies the two theoretical frameworks of positivism and standpoint ideologies hold slightly ontological and epistemological differences in the question of value free science. I will argue from a standpoint perspective that values do and should come into urban studies research because values allow us too empirically and rationally understand urban processes from the perspective of the liberation of gender and heterosexist oppression. First I will develop a working definition of positivist and standpoint frameworks. Second, I will write how traditional empirical science vista inadequately addresses gender and sexual social processes and results in oppression. Third, I will review queer and gender perspectives on science and how they are of value in liberating these individuals from oppression.
Working Definitions:
To fully understand the argument made in this paper, I will partially define positivism, and standpoint frameworks to be used as a reference point in the readers understanding of the argument. Positivism in this paper will be framed as traditional science, empirical science, ecological science, and feminist empirical science. Positivist science claims to be ‘value free’ (Keat and Urry, 1982). The positivist claim as being ‘value free’ stems from the frameworks dialect that science consist of research that is objective, impartial, neutral and independent of political, personal, religious biases (Keat and Urry, 1982).
I define the standpoint framework using both feminist and ‘queer’ perspectives. While there are multiple types of feminist thought like black feminist, radical feminist, this paper lacks discussion concerning these different categories of feminist thought (McDowell, 1993). Additio...

... middle of paper ... Geographer, 59 (1), 47-55.

Knopp, L. (1998). Sexuality and Urban Space: Gay male identity politics in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Autstralia. Cities of Difference. (pp 149-176). New York: Guilford press.

Kwan, M.P. (2007). Affecting Geospatial Technologies: Toward a Feminist Politics of Emotion. The Professional Geographer. 59(1), 22-34.

McDowell, L. (1993). Space, Place and Gender Relations: Part I. Feminist empiricism and the Geography of Social Relations. Progress in Human Geography. 17; 157-179.

McDowell, L. (1993). Space, Place and Gender Relations: Part II Identity, Difference, Feminist Geometries and Geographies. Progress in Human Geography. 17; 305-318.

Wright, M.W. (2010). Gender and Geography II: Bridging the Gap –Feminsit, Queer, and the Geographical Imaginary. Progress in Human Geography. 34(1), 56-66.

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