In Urban Studies the two theoretical frameworks of positivism and standpoint ideologies hold slightly ontological and epistemological differences in the question of value free science. I will argue from a standpoint perspective that values do and should come into urban studies research because values allow us too empirically and rationally understand urban processes from the perspective of the liberation of gender and heterosexist oppression. First I will develop a working definition of positivist and standpoint frameworks. Second, I will write how traditional empirical science vista inadequately addresses gender and sexual social processes and results in oppression. Third, I will review queer and gender perspectives on science and how they are of value in liberating these individuals from oppression.
To fully understand the argument made in this paper, I will partially define positivism, and standpoint frameworks to be used as a reference point in the readers understanding of the argument. Positivism in this paper will be framed as traditional science, empirical science, ecological science, and feminist empirical science. Positivist science claims to be ‘value free’ (Keat and Urry, 1982). The positivist claim as being ‘value free’ stems from the frameworks dialect that science consist of research that is objective, impartial, neutral and independent of political, personal, religious biases (Keat and Urry, 1982).
I define the standpoint framework using both feminist and ‘queer’ perspectives. While there are multiple types of feminist thought like black feminist, radical feminist, this paper lacks discussion concerning these different categories of feminist thought (McDowell, 1993). Additio...
... middle of paper ...
...al Geographer, 59 (1), 47-55.
Knopp, L. (1998). Sexuality and Urban Space: Gay male identity politics in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Autstralia. Cities of Difference. (pp 149-176). New York: Guilford press.
Kwan, M.P. (2007). Affecting Geospatial Technologies: Toward a Feminist Politics of Emotion. The Professional Geographer. 59(1), 22-34.
McDowell, L. (1993). Space, Place and Gender Relations: Part I. Feminist empiricism and the Geography of Social Relations. Progress in Human Geography. 17; 157-179.
McDowell, L. (1993). Space, Place and Gender Relations: Part II Identity, Difference, Feminist Geometries and Geographies. Progress in Human Geography. 17; 305-318.
Wright, M.W. (2010). Gender and Geography II: Bridging the Gap –Feminsit, Queer, and the Geographical Imaginary. Progress in Human Geography. 34(1), 56-66.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Earth is currently transitioning from a mostly rural to a mostly urban planet. In 2030 the urbanized areas will be nearly tripled compared to 2000 (Seto et al. 2012). The use of dark building materials, such as asphalt and concrete, leads to a lower albedo in urbanized areas than in natural environment (Brest 1987). It negatively affects climate and it might be more relevant in the near future. The substitution of rooftops’ membranes and pavements’ traditional materials with bright ones and a wise planning of the future urban sprawl can remedy the low urban albedo.... [tags: urban planet, urban albedo, LULCC]
1272 words (3.6 pages)
- At the peak of its popularity, cultural studies experiences a great international resonance (Nelson, Treichler, & Grossberg, 2011, p.2). This innovative academic discipline penetrates various social and political layers, addressing numerous challenges of the today’s reality. Originated in the second part of the twentieth century, British cultural studies stands apart the diverse cultural theories, establishing its own approaches and standards. British Cultural Studies emerged from the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at The University of Birmingham (founded in 1964 by Richard Hoggart).... [tags: Cultural studies, Culture, Anthropology]
1170 words (3.3 pages)
- In the twentieth century, the world witnessed significant changes and an increase in the city's population. Today more than half of global inhabitants live in cities or towns (Clarke, 1980), and most of the modern cities around the world have similar economic structure and social interests (Sassen, 2001). The observer to these cities will notice the common characteristics are much more than differences (Clark, 1996). Many recent studies recognize this phenomenon. One of the important studies that examines and analyses this phenomenon was carried out by Clark (1996).... [tags: Sociology ]
1051 words (3 pages)
- Introduction -- The Summary of the Reading Materials: The PRC hukou system, whose formal name is “huji” system, institutionally divides and organizes the Chinese people. To fully appreciate the significance of the hukou system, however, is not easy, even though many, especially those who have lived under the system, can vividly and endlessly attest its mighty presence. For it extensively and powerfully affects almost every aspect of the Chinese society and way of life. In this process, the hukou system tends to generate multifaceted, sometimes even contradictory and conflicting effects on China’s politics, economy, and social life.In politics,the PRC hukou system established stability, au... [tags: impact of PRC Hokou System]
2407 words (6.9 pages)
- From 2000 until 2030 the urbanized areas will be nearly tripled1 because of the demographic transition from rural to urban. The use of dark building materials, such as asphalt and concrete, leads to a lower albedo in urbanized areas than in natural environment2, fostering local and global warming. In turn, the increase in urban albedo might support climate stabilization efforts3. Here, we investigate the potential effect of the increase in albedo in a representative set of European cities relying on instantaneous radiative forcing (IRF), urban cooling and the consequent effect on mortality, ozone formation and energy use.... [tags: european cities, global climate change]
1851 words (5.3 pages)
- After reading Hallway Hangers, a sense of the complex relationship between poverty and education is gained: it a dualistic one. In some views, education is a means out of poverty, yet those who grow up poor often have different opportunities, hopes, and experiences in their school years. During my time thus far at Colgate, I have participated and watched many sporting events on campus, and found that local families attend and cheer with as much enthusiasm as the students. Similarly, on National Athletes appreciation Day last year the Student Athletic Advisory Committee (SAAC) ran a program at both the elementary and high schools in Hamilton, providing question and answer periods for the st... [tags: essays research papers]
1395 words (4 pages)
- Urban Morphology · As cities have grown in area and population in the 20th century, many geographers have tried to identify and to explain variations in spatial patterns. Spatial patterns, which show differences and similarities in land use and/or social groupings within a city, reflect how various urban areas have evolved economically and culturally in response to changing conditions over a period of time. While each city has its own distinctive pattern, studies of other urban areas have shown that they also demonstrate similar patterns.... [tags: Papers]
583 words (1.7 pages)
Understanding Multicultural Education And Implemented Instruction From An Urban United States Classroom
- The purpose of this study is to understand how teachers define multicultural education and implemented instruction in an urban United States classroom. Current literature for this purpose can generally be arranged into two areas, 1) The need for cultural competency instruction in schools and 2) Obstacles and support systems to implement affective instruction. Together these bodies of literature provide a background understanding of the psychological and social contexts in which the present study is set.... [tags: Education, Teacher, School, Culture]
1262 words (3.6 pages)
- ... Therefore, several research teams of professors, associates and students of the Faculty of Architecture in this research addressed the possible spatial and program solutions of the development of three potential tourist investment sites defined by the Master Plan for the tourist area of the Lower Danube: - Fishing village of Tekija, Municipality of Kladovo, - International Pier with a boardwalk and harbor in Donji Milanovac, and - Thematic nautical center, Porec Bay near Donji Milanovac, both in the Municipality of Majdanpek.... [tags: urban development, architecture, fishing]
805 words (2.3 pages)
- The Life Support of the Forestry Regime: Case Studies of Two Transnational NGOs Introduction As relatively new actors in international relations, nongovernmental organizations or NGOs are becoming a vital component for successful environmental regimes. NGOs organize transnational advocacy networks that link state actors, businesses, and other organizations. The forestry regime is relatively weak as compared to other environmental regimes because of a lack of international agreements and state policies regarding forest conservation.... [tags: Environment Environmental Essays, forest]
2122 words (6.1 pages)