In a patriarchal society that enforces the construction of heterosexual citizenship we are policed to follow normative discourses and structures that regulate social policies encouraging heteronormative behavior. Dominant ideologies of sexuality thus regulate and normalize social policies that create this second-class status for LGBT people. Those who fail to comply with conventional male and female behaviors are forced to live on the margins of society, excluding them from social, legal and economic rewards forcing homosexual individuals to live a life where they are required to constantly defend their sexual loyalties. The following essay will be used to discuss the challenges to normative constructions of sexuality by dismantling the naturalization of heterosexuality in analyzing the binary of heteronormativity with the use of the song ‘Same Love’ by hip-hop artist Macklemore. Heterosexuality is a political institution, which disempowers women and men by taking away their right to citizenship.
These socialized gender types make it hard for people who don’... ... middle of paper ... ...“male” and label those that deviate from the social norm as homosexual. Fag Discourse is less about sexuality and more about maintaining gender inequality and the boundaries of masculinity. Gender is implicated in Fag Discourse in the way that the hetero-normative nature dictates what makes and what doesn’t make a faggot. Attributed gender roles tell one how to behave appropriately. Gender roles and sexuality are always being constructed and reconstructed.
Within this essay, the main focus will be to develop a thorough analysis and discussion in relation to the topic of gay marriage. In order to construct this, this essay will discuss positions in favor of and against gay marriage. In reference to the position supporting gay marriage, the discussion will focus on; discrimination and equality and respect on individual’s rights. The points that will be discussed contraty to gay marriage will be building upon ideas that we rose in the debate as well as incorporating some new material. Throughout this essay, the ‘for and against’ positions will distinguish between both sides of the argument.
As various aspects and components contribute to a person’s identity, it is incorrect to limit human beings into a single group. Instead, queer theory broadens the discussion on individual identity, forming critiques on how factors such as gender and societal influences contribute to the way in which a person creates, maintains, and or changes his or her own identity. Hence, queer theorists distrust the legitimacy of “straight” ideology or heteronormativity, which holds that heterosexuality is the normal sexual orientation. Therefore “[looking] beyond an exclusive and fixed sexuality” (Dyer 4) and widening the interpretation of literary texts to include deviant types of sexual references and identities has become one of the major tasks of queer theorists. Attempting to resist the accustomed outlook that marriage and sexual relationships are only appropriate between a male and female, queer theory directs its main focus toward analyzing both the subtle and apparent non-normative ... ... middle of paper ... ...e that is lesbian as Marlow speaks of them together and not separately.
Queer is non-normative by definition however, queer politics legitimizes normative practices by fighting to be included in them. Cohen (1997) argues that, “instead of destabilizing the assumed categories and binaries of sexual identity, queer politics has served to reinforce simple dichotomies between heterosexual and everything queer” (438). By valuing this dichotomy, queer politics ignores that intersection of marginal identities. Separating everything on the basis of queer or straight
While lesbian culture is meant to be a challenge to these heterosexual norms, and yet its definition of butch-fem roles performs its own marginalization that ultimately reinforces traditional male-female roles. Interestingly, it also uses this power structure to establish the racial exclusions of non-white women that can be traced through the history of European colonization. In relation to how sexual minorities like lesbians are marginalized by the power elite in society, Judith Butler explains the politicization of sexuality through the performance of sexual identity by constantly rearticulating and re-establishing heterosexuality as the norm. Ironically, the term “heterosexual” cannot claim authority as ... ... middle of paper ... ...lizing oppositions. Yet, why are these clear defined boundaries of sexuality placed with such importance?
In all, many view lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender lifestyles as deviant and immoral. Gender theorists believe that heteronormative views remain dominant, because sexuality is socially constructed and supports heterosexuality as the only natural sexual orientation. This makes heteronormative views unquestionable and oppresses efforts to prove otherwise. That is discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals is encouraged through heteronormative views of what is morally acceptable, rather than conclusive research that proves these individuals are a threat to the institutions of marriage and family.
Therefore the search for a gay identity and inclusion into this type of society is something that individuals with alternative sexualities seek out in order to somehow fit into the charmed circle of heteronormative status that our modern society subscribes to. Discourse involves both communication as well as who is doing the communicating, how they have communicated, and what the context is for the communication. This is an important point when understanding how to define sexuality as nothing more than a social control. Sexuality has become the center of discourse in education, law, medicine, government, demography, and within the LGBT community itself. We use social controls to prohibit certain types of sex, we conduct statistical studies which help the government label and classify sexual behavior, and we even use psychiatry to evaluate the mentally ill.
Sexual identity can be defined as what gender(s) a person is romantically, and sexually attracted to. Cultural influence emerges from the idea that people are one or the other, gay or straight. However, people neglect to account for the impact of heteronormativity on individuals in a society. Heteronormativity assumes that heterosexuality is the only sexual orientation, or at least the most normal. The normalization of heterosexuality forces coercive archetypes onto all sexual identities.
The category "gay" doesn't mean that the individuals who identify themselves as part of it will share an understanding of all that it has meant for one person to claim this label for himself/herself. Delany acknowledges that the identification with others that categories create is in a way false, "even the similarities are finally, to the extent they are living ones, a play of differences" (Delany 131). He emphasizes that much of the sexual experience remains outside of language. No everything will be shared, not everything can be. An individual's journey to claiming his/her own identity is entrenched in the personal journey, in occurrences both characteristic and uncharacteristic.