U.s. Soviet Union During World War II Essay

U.s. Soviet Union During World War II Essay

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After World War II, the nations involved were plunged into chaos and uncertainty. Although the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France were victorious, only the first two countries emerged relatively unscathed. With their great military power and considerable economic influence, these superpowers sought to restore order. However, tensions escalated between the U.S. and the Soviet Union in the aftermath of World War II. The institutions that arose dictated their interactions with each other and the rest of the world. Some hypothesize that dichotic political systems or differing economic interests caused the eventual, intense rivalry known as the Cold War.
As relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union continued to deteriorate, the two nations consolidated their own resources and increased their number of newly acquired allies. In the Western Hemisphere, the United States took drastic measures to maintain its military might. In my opinion, NATO was one of the most important institutions dedicated to restoring prosperity to the Western alliance. As a result of the American Marshall Plan for post-war relief, the U.S. was able to collect more European allies and unite them against the Soviet Union and its bloc. The military alliances that arose from involvement in NATO provided a stronger sense of peace and unity against the Soviet Union, comforting the war-torn nations with the presence of a superpower and vast resources. In response to NATO, the Soviet Union created a similar but opposing institution such as the Warsaw Pact. The increasing number of Western alliances forced the Soviet Union strengthen ties with other newly Communist nations such as China. These two military-centered institutions heavily influe...

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... they interacted with one another. I think most of the institutions worked well to prevent further exacerbation of post-war suffering. Some may argue that the U.S. and the Soviet Union only succeeded in further partitioning the world according to their beliefs. However, the restoration of order that resulted from their efforts, regardless of hemispheric division, prevailed into the late twentieth century until the Cold War thawed. In my opinion, having these two superpowers striving to control the entire world in their race to dominate one another was a necessary evil. While their efforts often resulted in hostile feelings and violent proxy wars, both the U.S. and the Soviet Union aided the globe in post-war reconstruction, fostered a sense of international military and economic stability, and promoted the independence of two distinct political and social ideologies.

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