Bangalore, the city growing fastest in Asia and 5th largest city, in India, has a decade population growth rate of 39% (87,49,944 populations) as per 2011 census (Source: census of India). The average annual total rainfall is about 931 mm with about 60 rainy days (Source: Indian Meteorological Department). The city enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year. Its tree lined avenues, parks and abundant greenery have made Bangalore the ’Garden City’ of India; situated at an altitude of 920 m above mean sea level. Bangalore enjoys a salubrious climate all round the year as the summer temperature ranges from 18° C to 38° C while the winter temperature ranges from 12° C to 25° C (Santosh Kr. Singh, 2009; Sudhira, Ramachandra, & Bala Subrahmanya, 2007).
The settlements around the city have a recorded history that dates at least as far back as the 5th century. Urban settlements made their first appearance only in the 16th century by establishing Bangalore as the capital of the local king Kempe Gowda’s kingdom. Long term discharge of untreated domestic and industrial waste waters, storm water runoff, accidental spills and direct solid waste dumping influenced the urban aquatic ecosystems (Harini Nagendra, 2010; Jumbe Aboud & Nandini, 2010).
Local people maintained the lakes as the common property and each one of them enjoyed its resources. The structure of lakes depended on the water requirement, rainfall, catchment area and material used for construction. Lakes has formed by constructing dams along the natural valley system. The height of dams depended on the material used for construction. Dams constructed up to 3 meters height with of earth work. Stone embedded earth work dams have constructed for heights from 3 to...
... middle of paper ...
Space for civic amenities should be given in all the new layouts. Piecemeal development of residential layouts must be banned, and the Government should take the responsibility of developing the residential layouts. Protection of lakes by leaving a space of 30 m surrounding the lakes and storm water drains.
Exclusive allocation of catchment areas should be made for the public purpose like Government office, Schools; Hospitals with at least 80% free space so that the lake can be fetched by clean water.
Supporting technological innovations to reduce the runoff and increase the infiltration should be encouraged. Adoption of water conservation policies in all spheres is must for Bangalore. More innovative and practical use of treated water has to be appreciated. Growth of other middle order towns will reduce the pressure on the existing city of crowded Bangalore.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- 3. LITERATURE STUDY 3.1. Historical context At the end of the 1950’s and during the 1960’s and 1970’s the idea of corridor development, both planned and unplanned, was actively studied and discussed among spatial planners, designers and scientists (e.g. by C.F.G. Whebell, George R. Collins, C. Doxiadis). Many of these practitioners and scholars also encountered the difficulty of visualising the dynamics of corridors and often referred to (earlier) schemes and designs of linear cities. A study on both the definition and visualisation of corridors in this time-period may contribute to the discussion on corridor development and urban networks.... [tags: corridor development, urban planning]
1702 words (4.9 pages)
- For thousands of years, humans have lived together in cities. The concept of urban entities predates recorded history. The role of cities in everyday life has changed throughout human history. This evolution has never appeared more evident than now. With the majority of the world’s population living in cities, they have taken a new prominence in the study of geography. Cities serve as cultural and economic hubs from which new ideas and businesses diffuse. Their control reaches far beyond the immediately surrounding areas.... [tags: City, Urban area, Developed environments]
924 words (2.6 pages)
- Urban and Rural Geographies study and focus on the processes that each entity—rural and urban space—have been taking and adopting after World War II. Geographers conclude that both rural and urban spaces are socially constructed; the role of the economy, social migration, and the degree role of the state or local government contribute and impact the development and creation of spaces. For example, when industrialization arrived to the United States, it transformed some cities—Chicago, New York, and Detroit—into very important urban centers, and also, it caused thousands of people to migrate from less developed areas to these booming cities for job opportunities, especially African-Americans... [tags: City, Suburb, Population, Urban area]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- Canada is a nation perceived by the world as a unified democratic society. However, the country is divided into separate entities. These entities make up six distinct regions, all of which are richly diverse. Throughout the years, regionalism has proven to be a strain on the country’s foundation stemming from issues surround immigration. As the population grows, Canada must address regional issues, such as the urban sprawl on a federal level. This will further help to reduce the present feeling of alienation amongst the regions and also create a fair political system.... [tags: Urban Development ]
870 words (2.5 pages)
- Urban Sprawl is an intricate concept that is mostly known as low density, automobile dependent development beyond the edge of employment and services zones. This type of development is ubiquitous in the United States since the end of World War II. Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl has raised immense number of concerns in various areas, such as: environmental impacts, loss of farmland, traffic problems, urban decline, taxpayer subsidy, loss of community, housing, as well as some unspecific concerns.... [tags: Urban Development ]
1656 words (4.7 pages)
- Since 1918, urban planning throughout Japan has continuously been changing. When Japan first began urban planning, the main focus was of the industrial society that was dominated numerous of Japan’s cities. As time went on, the industries stayed in the cities and the government then had to deal with the problems of industries, including environmental problems along with population increases. At the beginning, numerous of the plans and strategies were based on what other cities Europe had done and this strategy continued throughout the urban planning process.... [tags: Urban Development ]
1632 words (4.7 pages)
- Phase 1 transformation From 1960-1973 During this period the Bangalore city becomes the capital of Karnataka and administrative buildings established and major public sector industries like BEL, BEML, ITI, HMT etc grew. Earlier to 1960 the Bangalore had textile industries like Binny mill, Ramakumar Mills etc., The trading of Cloths was one of the main Business during this time. The urge for land for the residential purposes of migrated employees increased, and many catchment areas and lakes are converted to residential layout.... [tags: transport, industries, catchment]
1670 words (4.8 pages)
- Urban design continues to exist in our everyday lives. The elegance of buildings and their architectural structure stand out in cities competing to show their uniqueness and radiance. Not every urban design can show off their styles. The buildings people pass by in every day urban areas manage to connect with people. The urban design has different forms; it can be either contemporary or futuristic. It is interesting to investigate about just how futuristic can a design be and how acceptable it can become to the public.... [tags: Urban Development ]
2320 words (6.6 pages)
- The world’s drylands, contrary to popular misconceptions of being barren unproductive land, contain some of the most valuable and vital ecosystems on the planet. These dryland environments have surprising diversity and resiliency, supporting over two billion people, approximately thirty-five percent of the global population (UNEP, 2003). In fact, approximately seventy percent of Africans depend directly on drylands for their daily livelihood (UNEP, 2003). However, these precious and crucial areas are at a crossroad, endangered and threatened by the devastating process of desertification.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
3330 words (9.5 pages)
- DESERTIFICATION Desertification of the arid lands of the world has been proceeding--sometimes rapidly, sometimes slowly-- for more than a thousand years. It has caused untold misery among those most directly caught in it's path, yet environmental destruction continues. Until recently, few if any lessons seemed to have been learned from the past, in part because the problem went unrecognized in it's early stages or was seen as a local one only affecting a small population, and in part because new lands were always available to start over again.... [tags: Geology]
1436 words (4.1 pages)
- Portfolio Project Google Innovation
- The Role of Traditional Birth Attendants in the Reduction of Maternal Mortality
- Analysis of over-diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
- Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company (1893)
- Ipilimumab (Yervoy) and Stage 4 Melanoma
- Agora Cyber Charter School Benchmarks of Academic Performance