Prior to 1945, Vietnam had already been through years of dynastic ruling, monarchies, was taken over and governed by the French, and occupied by the Japanese. Slowly the French invaded Vietnam and were able to take control of the provinces in Vietnam. Following the August Revolution and the end of the First Indochina War in 1954, the Geneva Accords summarily divides the country along the 17th Parallel, with Ho Chi Minh and his group occupying the north and a French puppet government in the south (which is then later ousted when America-backed Ngo Dinh Diem establishes his regime, the Republic of Vietnam). The National Liberation Front, led by Southern dissidents, was established in 1959 to oppose Diem’s government. Diem’s actions regarding negotiations with North Vietnam on the withdrawal of American influence and possible reunification led to a US-backed coup in 1963. This resulted in a series of military dictator...
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