During Reconstruction, Freedmen (freed slaves), were given the vote by Congress and became active in state politics; fourteen were elected to Congress. on December 24, 1869, he established federal military rule in Georgia and restored black legislators who had been expelled from the state legislature.
Further information: Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
According to biographer, William S. McFeely, Grant and many in the north believed the American Civil War extended democracy to the African American freedmen. Grant used political pressure to ensure the states ratified the Fifteenth Amendment, guaranteeing that "no citizen can be denied the right to vote based upon race, color, or previous condition of servitude". When it passed he hailed it as "a measure of grander importance than any other one act of the kind from the foundation of our free government to the present day".Many in the south, however, were determined that the African American males' right to vote would be u...
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...as President Grant's "not unrealistic" effort to relieve the plight of blacks in the South during Reconstruction and was a first step to end slavery in Cuba and Brazil. The dangers of a confrontation with Britain on the Alabama question were resolved peacefully, and to the monetary advantage of the United States. Issues regarding the Canadian boundary were easily settled. The achievements were the work of Secretary Hamilton Fish, who was a spokesman for caution and stability. A poll of historians has stated that Secretary Fish was one of the greatest Secretraries of States in United States history. Fish was appointed Secretary of State by Grant on March 17, 1869 and served on Grant's Cabinet until the end of Grant's second term on March 4, 1877. Afterwards Secretary Fish briefly served on President Rutherford B. Hayes Cabinet until March 12, 1877.
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