Travel and Tourism in Stalin’s Russia Essay

Travel and Tourism in Stalin’s Russia Essay

Length: 3227 words (9.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview


The nature of travel and tourism in Stalin’s Russia presents modern historians with a unique and utterly ambiguous concept. Travel and tourism under the Soviet emerged as a strictly regimented pursuit, which in line with the rest of Stalin’s Russia, came under heavy scrutiny and strict control, though it was strongly encouraged from the 1920s onwards and became officially regarded as a type of sport in 1949. The seemingly simple practices of leisure and travel under the Stalinist model presents readers with a paradox; as a system based on the labor theory of value, the USSR emphasized production as the foundation of wealth, personal worth, and the path to a society of abundance for all. However, the state began to encourage the practice of travel and tourism for its workers in particular which were complemented by the new advances leading to an eight-hour workday, a weekly day off from work, and an annual vacation that ‘constituted the triad of restorative and healthful rest opportunities in the emerging Soviet system of the 1920s and 1930s’. From numerous sources it is evident that both travel and tourism had become institutionalised under the Soviet planning methods and were heavily controlled to the extent that tourists and travellers were distinctively limited up to the very minimal aspects of their travel itineraries.




With travel being largely confined to within the Soviet itself and an ever-growing hostility to all things foreign, travel and tourism under Stalin reflected a ritualistic practice that encouraged both physical and mental exertion in groups; to imbue the Soviet travellers with greater experiences and to reinforce Soviet ‘patriotic identity’ as opposed to the sort of individualism that allegedly flo...


... middle of paper ...


...e Soviet Union: The conflict between Public and Private decision-making in a planned economy (London, 1984).
14. Rappaport, Helen, Joseph Stalin: a biographical companion (California, 2000).
15. Shaw, Denis J. B., ‘Achievements and Problems in Soviet recreational planning’, in J. Brine, M. Perrie and A. Sutton (eds.), Home, School and Leisure in the Soviet Union (London, 1980), pp.195-214.
16. Tucker, Robert C., Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above 1928-1941 (New York, 1992).
17. Urry, John, The tourist gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies 2nd Ed (London, 2002).
18. Yanowitch, Murray, ‘Soviet Patterns of Times Use and Concepts of Leisure’, Soviet Studies 15:1 (1963), pp.17-37.
19. Zavisca, Jane, ‘Contesting Capitalism at the Post-Soviet Dacha: The Meaning of Food Cultivation for urban Russians’, Slavic Review 62:4 (2003), pp.786-810.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Stalin 's Economic Impact On Russia Essay

- Stalin’s initial economic impact on Russia was greatly significant as he introduced a number of 5-year-plans that improved the steel and coal industry and provided more jobs. Industrialisation was needed in the USSR, and Stalin turned a mostly backward, illiterate society into a major power in just a few years . Many workers at the time would have seen Stalin as a significant figure due to his plans and actions to modernise Russia as this meant more jobs would be available and they can be more self sufficient as a nation....   [tags: Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, Red Army, Russia]

Research Papers
1368 words (3.9 pages)

Essay On Travel And Tourism

- Transport and Tourist Experience The interrelationship between transport and tourism remains perhaps one of the most important relationships within the wider tourism system. A remarkable fact is that people travel in varying distances by various means for a variety of reasons, and transport provision sits at the heart of that movement. Transport is essential for tourism because it facilitates the movement of tourists from their place of origin and their destinations, and acts as the means of movement within a destination thus allowing larger amounts of people (Tourists)to visit places that are hard to reach or that are unknown for most people....   [tags: Tourism, Transport, Transportation]

Research Papers
1533 words (4.4 pages)

Importance Of Tourism And Travel Essay

- Semester 2 • TRTV 11819 Selling Destinations Caribbean, Latin America and South America - Students learn the geographical knowledge, the general factual information, and the tourist attractions in Hawaii, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America so that they will feel competent to promote and sell packaged or individual tours. Skills are developed in the analysis of clients' needs as they pertain to the selection of packaged tours and to the planning of individual foreign tour itineraries....   [tags: Tourism, Cruise ship, Computer reservations system]

Research Papers
1290 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Sources of Stalin's Power in Russia

- Question 3 The following are equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: -The purges -The secret police -Propaganda and the cult of personality -Stalin?s economic policies Explain how far you agree with this statement. Stalin ruled Russia from the late 1920s until his death in 1953. There were a number of reasons why he was able to hold on to power. These reasons include Purges, Secret Police, Stalin?s economic policies and Propaganda and cult of the personality....   [tags: Joseph Stalin]

Free Essays
617 words (1.8 pages)

Lenin and Stalin's Impacts on Russia Essay

- Lenin and Stalin had many characteristics in common, but many marked differences. Lenin’s character had many key strengths. One of his major strengths was that he was a great intellectual. Indeed Lenin was one of the leading Russian writers and thinkers of the period publishing many works. Lenin was unquestionably brilliant and a great organiser. He was also exceptionally hard working and one hundred percent dedicated to his cause. He had this natural ability to “seize the moment”....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Free Essays
3411 words (9.7 pages)

Essay about Stalin's Worldview and the Application of Communism

- 1.0 Introduction This essay investigates to what extent Josef Stalin’s personal and political worldviews shape and reflect his application of Communism. By examining the people that surrounded Stalin at a young age, the places where he grew up and went to school, the ideas that he latched on to, and the people and theories he believed in, his basic personality can be determined. Through the investigation of his political career, Stalin’s most fundamental political views can be assessed. All of these figures are significant in discovering in what ways Stalin applied Communism in Soviet Russia....   [tags: Josef Stalin, Soviet Russia, New Economic Policy]

Research Papers
2579 words (7.4 pages)

Modern Russia and The Soviet Union: Stalin Essay

- Modern Russia and The Soviet Union: Stalin Modern Russia and The Soviet Union: Stalin's character was the main reason for his rise to power Stalin was born as Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on December 21, 1879 in Gori, Georgia. He grew up in a mountain town of about 5,000 people. He was the third and only surviving child of Vissarion Dzhugashvili and Catherine Geladze. His father used to drink and beat him and his mother; this made Stalin very cold hearted. A friend commented on his behaviour, "Those undeserved and fearful beatings made the boy as hard and heartless as his father"....   [tags: Russian Russia History]

Free Essays
1456 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Stalin's Propaganda

- Stalin used propaganda during his rise to power and throughout his reign in power. Propaganda is information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, or nation. It is solely used in hopes to achieve a more positive and willing working class, through posters, information and street speeches, Stalin eventually and skillfully over his people. Josef Stalin used propaganda as a tool to brainwash the Russian people to think he was a man of character, integrity and power....   [tags: Stalin, Propaganda, Russia, ]

Research Papers
1015 words (2.9 pages)

The Importance of Trotsky, Lenin and Stalin to the Communist Dictatorship in Russia

- Trotsky, Lenin and Stalin were all important in bringing the Communist Dictatorship in Russia from 1917 - 1939. All three of them wouldn't be able to make progresses without each other. The basement or a trigger to communism in Russia was Lenin as he was the organizer. He has been studying Marxism and Socialism for many years and in the result he has brought the October Revolution in 1917 to Russia. In addition Lenin has written many books in order to spread the idea of communism....   [tags: Trotsky, Lenin, Stalin]

Research Papers
1293 words (3.7 pages)

Essay Tourism as the World's Largest Industry

- Tourism as the World's Largest Industry Tourism is a typical activity of fashion that the public participate widely and it has grown in importance over recorded human history. Innumerable articles refer tourism as “the world’s largest industry”; policy-makers, analysts, and scholars often speak of the size of the tourism compared to that of other industries (Smith 2004: 26)....   [tags: Travel Tourism Hospitality]

Free Essays
1008 words (2.9 pages)