Traumatic Brain Injury Definition
Traumatic brain injuries often goes unnoticed. That is why it is commonly known as the “silent epidemic.” Hyatt (2014) stated that. “Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a nondegenerative, noncongenital insult to the brain that may be caused by external blunt force, a jolt to the head (deceleration injury), or a penetrating head injury such as a bullet wound, in which the skull is actually breached” (p. 36, para. 2). A traumatic brain injury is not degenerative as a disease and it is not congenital. Since the definition states that a traumatic brain injury is caused by an external force, it is not caused by something like a cardiovascular attack or a stroke. Traumatic brain injuries can result in minor or total disability, physical disabilitie...
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...ssment as needed), spoken language (comprehension & production), written language (reading & writing), cognitive-communicative functioning (i.e., exploring the communicative implications of impairments in such areas as orientation, attention, memory, reasoning, problem solving, executive functions), speech production (articulation, fluency, phonation, and resonance), augmentative and alternative communication, as well as swallowing.” (para. 14) As clinicians, speech-language pathologists are one of the first professionals that observe the behavior of the patient. A speech-language pathologist has to know seizure behaviors because seizures are one of the common side effects of a traumatic behavior. One has to know these behaviors in order to make a referral to the appropriate professional. The type of treatment used depends on the stage of recovery of the patient.
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