Traumatic Brain Injury And Its Effects On Speech And Language Essay

Traumatic Brain Injury And Its Effects On Speech And Language Essay

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Numerous research studies have been conducted on the topic of traumatic brain injury and its effects on speech and language. Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is a very common cause of speech and language problems. In fact, it is one of the top causes of speech and language problems following a cardiovascular attack, or stroke. Traumatic brain injuries are more prevalent in children and adolescents. Ciccia states that, “Children and adolescents experience the greatest number of TBI-related emergency room visits of any age group” (p. 36). However, traumatic brain injuries are not limited to these age groups. Anyone at any age can sustain a traumatic brain injury. There is also a higher prevalence of traumatic brain injuries in males than in females. Traumatic brain injury will be discussed along with its characteristics, its effects on speech and language, and the speech-language pathologist’s role with patients who have suffered a traumatic brain injury.
Traumatic Brain Injury Definition
Traumatic brain injuries often goes unnoticed. That is why it is commonly known as the “silent epidemic.” Hyatt (2014) stated that. “Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a nondegenerative, noncongenital insult to the brain that may be caused by external blunt force, a jolt to the head (deceleration injury), or a penetrating head injury such as a bullet wound, in which the skull is actually breached” (p. 36, para. 2). A traumatic brain injury is not degenerative as a disease and it is not congenital. Since the definition states that a traumatic brain injury is caused by an external force, it is not caused by something like a cardiovascular attack or a stroke. Traumatic brain injuries can result in minor or total disability, physical disabilitie...

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...ssment as needed), spoken language (comprehension & production), written language (reading & writing), cognitive-communicative functioning (i.e., exploring the communicative implications of impairments in such areas as orientation, attention, memory, reasoning, problem solving, executive functions), speech production (articulation, fluency, phonation, and resonance), augmentative and alternative communication, as well as swallowing.” (para. 14) As clinicians, speech-language pathologists are one of the first professionals that observe the behavior of the patient. A speech-language pathologist has to know seizure behaviors because seizures are one of the common side effects of a traumatic behavior. One has to know these behaviors in order to make a referral to the appropriate professional. The type of treatment used depends on the stage of recovery of the patient.

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