Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy Essays

  • Prions Essay

    830 Words  | 2 Pages

    Prions are the causative agents of a few rapidly progressive neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, or prion diseases. These are infectious isoforms of a host-encoded cellular protein known as the prion protein. Prion diseases affect humans and animals and are uniformly fatal in nature. [1] Structure of prions Prions are small infectious particles composed of abnormally folded protein that causes progressive neurodegenerative conditions. [2] Prions-the term

  • Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

    1090 Words  | 3 Pages

    Introduction to CWD; Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a fatal neuro-degenerative, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of the family Cervidae (Hamir,, 2006). The family Cervidae includes mule deer, Odocolileus hemionus, white-tailed deer, Odocolileus virginianus, Rocky Mountain elk, Cervus elaphus nelsoni, and moose, Alces alces shirasi, among others (Sigurdon & Aguzzi, 2007). CWD is a prion disease, meaning it is a protein caused infection, that occurs naturally in the deer family

  • Essay About Kuru

    703 Words  | 2 Pages

    discovered by the American Physician Carleton Gajdusek among the people of eastern highlands of New Guinea. Kuru is a disease caused by the consumption of contaminated brain tissue. Kuru is one of a group of rare brain diseases called the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE’s). TSE’s, leads to forming tiny holes in the brain tissue giving it a spongy look. History It is believed that Kuru began in a remote region of the eastern highlands of Papua New Guinea. When it was first observed in 1957 it

  • Prion Protein Lab Report

    1216 Words  | 3 Pages

    Introduction Cellular prion proteins are normally occurring glycoproteins found on the outer surface of neuronal cells. They are also expressed by most other cells found in the body. Prion proteins are attached to the plasma membrane by a C-terminus glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. The prion protein exists in two conformational states: a cellular α-helix-rich isoform (PrPc) and the prion disease-associated β-sheet isoform (PrPsc). In humans, PrPc is composed of 253 amino acids and is

  • Pathogens Of Prions

    806 Words  | 2 Pages

    prions, the host will show symptoms of a severe and ultimately fatal illness. Common diseases caused by prions would be Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (known informally as “Mad Cow disease”), and Crutzfeldt-Jakob disease. There are also strains of diseases infecting other mammals as well, including Elk (Chronic Wasting disease) and Mink (Transmissible Mink Encephalopathy). One common connection is that all prion-caused diseases primarily damage the brain tissue of the patient. All known prion diseases

  • Prion Protein (Prpc)

    561 Words  | 2 Pages

    Prion proteins are encoded by the Prnp gene, derived from the Prn gene family. This gene codes for a 254 amino acid protein, which, during posttranslational modification, is truncated to its wildtype 209 residue cellular prion protein (PrPC) form.1 PrPSc is the pathogenic form of PrPC, which primarily differs in secondary and tertiary structure. A protease resistant, 142 amino-acid pathogenic form, called PrP 27-30, is also sometimes derived from the cleaving of PrPSc.1 After posttranslational

  • Fatal Familial Insomnia Essay

    631 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Genetic Disorder Fatal Familial Insomnia Fatal familial insomnia is a genetic disorder. It manifests itself by many symptoms due to the degeneration of a certain part of the brain, the thalamus. The disease also results in the formation of amyloid plaques. This is the build up of a waxy substance made of proteins associated with polysaccharides. The disease is a result of a mutation of a normal protein that is associated with brain tissue. This is the prion protein. In the case of fatal familial

  • Bovine Spongiform Encephalophathy

    976 Words  | 2 Pages

    Bovine Spongiform Encephalophathy Abstract: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy is caused by a prion, which is an infectious agent comprised solely of protein. The prion is a degenerate form of a normal cellular protein found in the brain and in nervous tissue. It targets the normal protein and causes the normal protein to change its shape. When enough of the prion is produced, the cell dies and symptoms of the disease are expressed. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), more commonly known

  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Essay

    960 Words  | 2 Pages

    STT 11  Abstract Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease is an uncommon, deteriorating, consistently fatal brain disorder that is caused by prions. The symptoms of CJD are similar of Alzheimer’s but progress much faster. There are three variations of CJD, sporadic, familial, and acquired. All variations affect the brain the same way and have the same result of death. CJD is an untreatable and incurable disease. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Imagine watching a family member slip off

  • Chronic Wasting Disease

    1491 Words  | 3 Pages

    Chronic Wasting Disease is a highly transmissible, deadly neurodegenerative disease that affects cervids in North America (Belay et al., 2004; Saunders et al., 2012). There are only four types of cervid that are known to get this disease which include elk, mule deer, white-tailed deer, and moose (Chronic Wasting Disease Alliance). It has been classified has a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), otherwise known as a prion disease (Belay et al., 2004). A prion is an irregular, pathogenic

  • Neurodegenerative Diseases

    2021 Words  | 5 Pages

    Neurodegenerative Diseases A piece of well-oiled machinery consists of an intricate and complex system: there are well-organized processes, mechanisms within the device work efficiently, and multiple processes function simultaneously to subsequently perform various functions. What happens when there is a glitch in the machine? When there is something wrong, such as connections between intricate processes, which do not follow through, the machine fails to function properly. In some cases, there

  • Prion Diseases

    2449 Words  | 5 Pages

    Prion Diseases Abstract Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases that are thought to be caused by the misfolding of prion proteins. Prions are able to replicate in the absence of nucleic acids. TSEs include: scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, kuru, Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, and Fatal Familial Insomnia. They can affect many different animals, including humans. Currently, there are no ways to diagnose, treat

  • Mad Cow Disease: Eradicating A Cow Killer

    517 Words  | 2 Pages

    mad cow disease? Mad cow disease is caused by prions, "weird mutant proteins that are found in brain and spinal tissue"1. Another name for mad cow disease is called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and the definition is "a progressive neurological disorder of cattle that results from infection by an unusual transmissible agent called a prion"2. It started from what is called a prion protein then it turned into a pathogenic, and then it starts to damaged the brain of a cattle. There's another

  • The Horrifying Details of Mad Cow Disease

    2561 Words  | 6 Pages

    The Horrifying Details of Mad Cow Disease Mad Cow Disease, scientifically referred to as (BSE) Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, is a disease that affects those humans who eat the meat from infected cows. Mad Cow Disease is one of several fatal brain diseases called (TSE) Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy. (USDA) There was evidence of a new illness resembling the sheep disease scrapie. It was technically named BSE but quickly acquired the mad cow tag because of the way infected cattle

  • Mad Cow Disease: Mad Cow Disease

    637 Words  | 2 Pages

    Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy is more commonly known to humans as Mad Cow Disease or BSE. BSE originated from scrapie or Endemic Spongiform Encephalopathy, which is a disease that has affected mostly sheep and goats. BSE is an illness that attacks the brain and spinal cord of adult cattle due to an infection by a transmissible agent known as a prion. Once affected by BSE cattle began to develop strange behavior such as aggression, lack of coordination with the inability to stand or walk, and abnormal

  • Mad Cow Disease: A Case Study

    1190 Words  | 3 Pages

    Statement of problem Mad Cow disease, also called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a transmissible disease in cattle, which may be spread to humans through slaughtered meat. It attacks the brain and causes a change in behavior, dementia, and eventually death. This is called the Crutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) (WebMD, n.d.). With confirmed Mad Cow disease, it is necessary to destroy (burn) all animals that may have been near the infection, the disease is marked by rapdid mental deterioration

  • How to Treat Prion Diseases

    1635 Words  | 4 Pages

    are stumped as to the development and nature of proteinaceous infectious particles. Neither virus nor bacteria, these prions, are believed to cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE), rare diseases said to be 100% fatal, without possessing nucleic acids. Their unhindered growth is thought to be the cause for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or Mad Cow Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD), scrapie and other TSE, diseases characterized by the brain microscopically turning into sponge-like

  • Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease

    1019 Words  | 3 Pages

    Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease was first discovered in 1920, less than 1 percent of cases have been diagnosed as acquired CJD. Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease (CJD) belongs to a family of human and animal diseases known as the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Spongiform refers to the distinctive look of contaminated brains, which become filled with holes until they bear a resemblance to sponges when seen under a microscope.

  • Prion Protein Essay

    1276 Words  | 3 Pages

    individual under the category of someone with the prion disease. PrPsc forms insoluble fibres and thus cannot be studied well using Nuclear Mass Resonance (NMR), and it is also more resistant to protease digestion. Furthermore, ‘’ The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) arise from conversion of the membrane-bound prion protein from PrPC to PrPSc, the latter being the scrapie form. Examples of the TSEs include mad cow disease, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk, scrapie in goats and sheep

  • Mad Cow Disease Research Paper

    641 Words  | 2 Pages

    Mad cow disease and how it affected Canada Mad cow disease, also knows as BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) is an transferable disease which slowly attacks the brain and nervous system of cattle. There isn’t any cure for the disease. The first case of BSE in Canada was a cow that had been imported from the United Kingdom in 1987 at the age of six months. The animal was destroyed upon the discovery of the disease and the Canadian government banned imports from the United Kingdom. This report