Ethical Relativism Essays

  • Ethical Relativism

    1077 Words  | 3 Pages

    Ethical Relativism: Who’s to Judge What Is Right or Wrong? What is right or wrong varies between cultures, traditions, societies, values, political and religion (Pojman, 420). It has widely been debated and has created disagreements among the human race (420). According to John Ladd, ethical relativism is defined as the “doctrine that the moral rightness and wrongness of actions varies from society and that there are no absolute universal moral standards binding on all men at all times. Accordingly

  • Ethical Relativism

    1899 Words  | 4 Pages

    Part 1: The theory of Ethical Relativism a) An explanation of the claims of the theory of Ethical Relativism. Ethical relativism holds the position that there are no universal moral absolutes, and no moral right and wrongs, but instead, that right and wrong are based on social norms, the norms of one's culture. In other words, all points of view are evenly valid, and it's the individual that determines which is both true and relative for themselves. Ethical relativism hypothesizes that the truth

  • Ethical Relativism

    661 Words  | 2 Pages

    on. These differentiations may lead us to question which moral claims are true and which moral claims are false. These differences in these various cultures help to raise a significant topic in ethics, that being ethical relativism. Ethical relativism is the claim that certain ethical rules are acceptable in certain cultural norms and social situations. This helps to determine which moral standards are true and which are false. Moral standards are cultural or personal values, codes of conduct,

  • Ethical Relativism and Cultural Relativism

    714 Words  | 2 Pages

    In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism. Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific. Each culture evolves its own unique moral code, separate and apart from any other. Ethical Relativism is also a theory of morality with a view of ethics similarly engaged in understanding how morality comes to be culturally defined.

  • Cultural Ethical Relativism

    943 Words  | 2 Pages

    Cultural ethical relativism(CER) is a topic that many people all around the world might think about, but sometimes aren't aware of consciously. Questions like, “Is this the right way to do something compared to another group?” or possibly a question such as, “ there an objective truth on right or wrong?”, can all fall into the category presented by the idea of cultural ethical relativism, and its corresponding supporting arguments. As summarized by Rachel, cultural relativism is, “..that there

  • Arguments Against Ethical Relativism

    835 Words  | 2 Pages

    The strongest argument against ethical relativism is that if you accept the idea of it, you must accept that the minority of a culture believing in an idea is morally wrong, and the majority is right. Benedict’s theory states that anything can be normal or abnormal in a culture. Whatever is considered abnormal is ethically wrong and vice versa. There are big problems with this theory. According to this, people who fought for civil rights and women’s suffrage were “wrong” just because they were in

  • Meta-Ethical Cultural Relativism

    739 Words  | 2 Pages

    Meta-Ethical Cultural Relativism The thesis of meta-ethical cultural relativism is the philosophical viewpoint that there are no absolute moral truths, only truths relative to the cultural context in which they exist. From this it is therefore presumed that what one society considers to be morally right, another society may consider to be morally wrong, therefore, moral right's and wrongs are only relative to a particular society. Thus cultural relativism implies that what is 'good' is what

  • Ruth Benedict Ethical Relativism

    912 Words  | 2 Pages

    proves ethics are relative, while philosopher W.T. Stace, argues against her stance and says that ethics are not relative but absolute. Benedict believes in moral or ethical relativism; ethical relativism is relative to culture at any particular age, region, and society. Then on the other hand, Stace believes in moral or ethical absolutism, which means there is only one eternally true and valid moral code for all human beings. He also goes on to say, “They are in themselves either right or wrong

  • Ethical Relativism David Wong Analysis

    583 Words  | 2 Pages

    Reflection Paper #2 In David Wong’s article, he seeks to explain how relativism in its various forms can help come to conclusions about the skewed ethical conflicts that individuals face, and looks at the application and reasoning behind each of the major types. Firstly, he explains the type of relativism in which ethical decisions are based on the universal soundness of certain moral codes. This he explains is “meta-ethical relativism, because it is about the relativity of moral truth and justifiability”

  • Are Cultural Relativism Differences In Ethical Standards?

    869 Words  | 2 Pages

    Humans have notably different ethical standards which dictate what is or isn’t correct. Those standards are shared and followed by a group of people. For example, the concept of killing is not unknown. The typical response is to punish the one who commits that “crime,” even if that person was “right” to do so. However, killing may not seem like a crime to some people. Rather, to them killing is necessary for protection. Given that there are many cultures in the world, one can assume that each of

  • Ruth Benedict Champion Of Ethical Relativism

    846 Words  | 2 Pages

    concerning the validity of ethical relativism - Benedict or Rachels? “… [A] sophisticated understanding of the world must include an appreciation of… differences between cultures” (Rachels, 1986, p. 617). Spoken by Darius, King of Ancient Persia, this concept draws together the core of ethical relativism, “… different cultures have different moral codes” (Rachels, 1986, p. 617). Beyond the recognition of said unique moralities, which is defined as cultural relativism, ethical relativism challenges that those

  • Cultural Relativism And Ethical Objectivism/Universalism

    1180 Words  | 3 Pages

    Cultural Relativism and Ethical Objectivism/Universalism are two approaches to morality. There are benefits and issues with either approach. However, after close examination and evaluation, it is clear that the reasoning behind Ethical Objectivism is more sound. Cultural Relativists believe that each society is entitled to their own opinion of what is morally right and wrong . Cultural Relativism is the theory that all moral standards are relative to one’s own culture and society; therefore, universal

  • Ethical Relativism: A Critique: There Is A Universal Moral Standards?

    1035 Words  | 3 Pages

    Argument from moral variability, as we discuss in our philosophy class, it is an argument to support Ethical Relativism, this argument claims that since different people have different moral standards, so there is no universal moral standard. As Stace claimed in his essay “ Ethical Relativism: A Critique”, “For the absolutist there is a single universal moral standard. For the relativist there is no such standard. There are only local, ephemeral, and variable standards.”(Stace, para 7). What Stace

  • Macklin's Ethical Relativism In A Multicultural Society

    1347 Words  | 3 Pages

    In Macklin’s “Ethical Relativism in a Multicultural Society,” she discusses the difference between cultural tolerance and intolerance in the medical field. The main argument that follows is if physicians are obligated to follow contemporary ethics or in the case United States medical ethics or respect cultural difference of their patients and give treatment accordingly, especially when dealing with children. Macklin argues that while cultural tolerance should be practiced it is the “obligation of

  • Ethical Relativism: Why Are Moral Truths?

    813 Words  | 2 Pages

    moral truths that remain constant regardless of opinions? Ethical Objectivism is based on the belief that there are moral truths of the universe that

  • Ethical Relativism Anita Ho Summary

    675 Words  | 2 Pages

    Critical Reflection 6 At the beginning of Anita Ho’s article she gives examples of ethical relativism. Ethical relativism means nobody should have the right to determine if what someone does is moral or immoral. Nobody has the right to tell others what they believe is right or wrong. People have their own customs, and nobody should be able to tell them they are not doing something correctly. There are a lot of different cultures in the world and we all come from different experiences. For this reason

  • Assess The Difference Between Ethical Relativism And Ethical Egoism

    605 Words  | 2 Pages

    EGOISM VS ETHICAL RELATIVISM As described in our text, egoism does not have one set definition. It has different meanings because there are different variations of egoism. Egoism can be described as descriptive which is the “theory that describes what people are like” (Mackinnon pg 34). This descriptive theory of egoism is called the psychological egoism. The psychological egoism theory basically states that a person either selfish or self centered. Another type of egoism is normative.

  • Ethical Relativism

    986 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ethical Relativism What is right and wrong is a widely opinionated discrepancy among the human race. It varies between cultures, societies, religion, traditions, and endless influential factors. Ethical relativism is described by John Ladd as the “doctrine that the moral rightness and wrongness of actions varies from society and that there are no absolute universal moral standards binding on all

  • Ethical Relativism And Ethical Absolutism

    1178 Words  | 3 Pages

    Writing Assignment #1 Who decides what is ethical and what is moral? There are no standards of conduct that everyone in the world agrees upon. There are different religions, cultures and ethnicities in this world and because of that; there will most likely never be a day where everyone finds everything that someone else does to be ethical or moral. Since there can never be a universal standard for morality and ethical behavior for people everywhere, we must stop judging people by looking through

  • How to Deal with Moral Differences

    551 Words  | 2 Pages

    wrong. The second way is to believe that there is no universal truth, that each culture has its own set of rules that are valid and apply to that culture, they don’t interfere with our rules and we don’t interfere with theirs, this is called ethical relativism. This belief is viewed as an attitude of tolerance. This belief solves conflicts in the idea that whatever the majority deems to be the moral rule is the rule to follow. The third belief is that deep down in spite of all the cultures differences