Criminal Justice can be stated as a process of punishing those who have committed a crime. Theft, assault, murder, rape, attempt to murder, etc, are some of the crimes that is meted with justice by criminal justice system. Punishments vary according to the nature of the crime. While there are verdicts of extreme punishments such as death sentence, lifetime imprisonment, etc, in some cases rehabilitative measures can be suggested to change the criminal’s mindset.
Here are the major players of any criminal justice system: Supreme court, district court, judge, public defender, prosecutor, law & order enforcements such as the police. When a crime is committed, either the victim or the eyewitness report the crime to the police. The cops then investigate the crime and try to catch the criminal. Once the criminal is under the police custody, he/she is assigned a public defender to fight their case in the district court. If the alleged criminal is not happy with the district court’s verdict, he/she can appeal to the supreme court. The decision made by the supreme court is considered as the final verdict. A public defender is a lawyer provided by the state to fight your case in court. A public prosecutor is the person who fights to prove that the alleged criminal has indeed committed the crime.
If the criminal is proved to be mentally unstable, then they are sent to a psychiatric ward for the purpose of rehabilitation. If the criminal is a juvenile, then most criminal judicial systems around the world would send them to a juvenile detention center for behavioral correction. In recent times, there has been a lot of debate about abolishing the death penalties supported by human rights activists.
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value system to focus on the concepts of justice and equality. Justice which is used in a legal system can help determine whether an individual’s act was wrong or right and it helps other make a fair judgment among individuals equally. George Cole, Christopher Smith and Christina DeJong (1984) discuss how individuals will go through the process of the justice system to determine whether they are found guilty or not guilty, in their book, “Criminal Justice in America.” They clarify that less punishment
Sentencing ‘Reform’ in Canada and the United States” by Michael Tonry for my first topic on sentencing. The journal was published in October 2013 and provided by the “Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice.” The article ““Prison Will Either Make Ya or Break Ya”: Punishment, Deterrence, and the Criminal Lifestyle” by Beverly Crank and Timothy Brezina was chosen to represent my second topic on prisons and jails. In August 2012 this article was offered by the journal “Deviant Behavior.” The first
Youth and Justice Introduction Changes in public opinion, as well as in criminal justice legislation, have begun to recognize and reflect the unique circumstances at play in the lives of youth who commit crime. That is, it has become widely recognized that the justice system cannot treat youth offenders with the same response that adult offenders are treated with. Minaker and Hogeveen (2009) support this claim and state that youth require “a qualitatively different response” (p. 249). Two
Introduction Due to the nature of the criminal justice system, the history of the treatment of those with mentally disorders and the history of the criminal justice system have been intimately intertwined. Both the criminal justice system and treating mentally ill individuals can be traced back to the beginning of human existence. Over the ages both systems have evolved and expanded with the changes within society. In some ways the criminal justice system has become more tolerant of those with mental
Criminal Justice Or Criminal Housing Prisons and correctional facilities in the United States have changed from rehabilitating people to housing inmates and creating breeding grounds for more violence. Many local, state, and federal prisons and correctional facilities are becoming more and more overcrowded each year. If the Department of Corrections (DOC) wants to stop having repeat offenders and decrease the volume of inmates entering the criminal justice system, current regulations and programs
The criminal justice system is a group of institutions that work together to protect a society, prevent and control crime, and maintain justice; enforcing the laws regulated by society. As the years have gone by and society has evolved; so have the criminal justice system and its methods to accomplish its role in society. This short analysis will evaluate the main facts that have been affecting the criminal justice system for decades and have influenced the evolution the justice system is enduring
Contrary to popular belief the life of a criminal justice major is not all about being a hardboiled cop or a living a black and white noir film, there is actually quite a bit of disciplinary literacy in the background. People looking forward to a career in criminal justice should be able to write up investigation reports, reports to be used in trials, and documents relating to various types of criminal offenders. For a bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice 120 credits including some general elective
position in criminal justice holds power and responsibility, and therefore, it is very important that said people in those positions do not abuse it. Unethical behavior in the criminal justice system takes away trust and respect from authority, and as a consequence, the law is more easily disregarded if the people lack faith in the system. It can, also, contribute to crime and/or cause citizens to not report crimes. Society should have indubitable confidence in the men and women of the criminal justice
The criminal justice system views any crime as a crime committed against the state and places much emphasis on retribution and paying back to the community, through time, fines or community work. Historically punishment has been a very public affair, which was once a key aspect of the punishment process, through the use of the stocks, dunking chair, pillory, and hangman’s noose, although in today’s society punishment has become a lot more private (Newburn, 2007). However it has been argued that