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    In his book, The Making of the Self, Valantasis proposes a new definition of asceticism. While most definitions focus heavily on the negative nature of asceticism, Valantasis asserts that the nature of asceticism is inherently positive and fulfills a more collective purpose. Although his definition is unlike previous understandings of asceticism, ultimately his approach is one more academics should consider. After analyzing multiple primary texts such as Musonius Rufus’s Lectures, The Acts of Paul

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    Friedrich Nietzsche would have described Father Lazarus’ asceticism as an expected way of life considering the constant oppression of the church. Nietzsche believed that the church asked its people to constantly sacrifice three things: the company of other people, luxurious foods, and sex. He believed that the church was constantly pushing against these things and restricting people from indulging in them. As a person, Nietzsche probably thought Father Lazarus was insane, but would have understood

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    Asceticism - The Joy of Fasting, Flagellation and Self-mutilation In order to achieve a spiritual understanding, people have subjected themselves to extreme self denial through fasting, flagellation and self-mutilation (The Columbia Encyclopedia). This practice of self mortification is known as asceticism. Asceticism has been known to exist since the commencement of recorded religion. This zealous religious practice is associated with many religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism

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    to serve God without first needing the grace of God (Enns, 10558). Whereas in the latter, the grace of God and the willingness of a human work together in cooperation (Walton, Chart 27). John Cassian likely had more influence on bringing Eastern asceticism to Western monastic living than any other ancient Church father. His work had a lasting influence on monasteries throughout Europe and transcended the middle ages. Moreover, in Eastern Church Cassian’s position of grace and the human will has

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    Essay On Medieval Piety

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    Benedict who founded a group of monks and established a universal order for monks to follow. Adding to this, nuns called each other sisters and monks called each other brother. Moreover, the idea of asceticism was a life of self- denial where monks would descend themselves. Monks would descend themselves from sex, marriage, having a family, greed, processions, because to own and do such things they would be further away from God. Therefore, the universal

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    A Submissive Movement: Fear or Devotion

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    sinned as well (Brakke). Works Cited Brakke, David. "Asceticism." Church History 65.4 (1996): 786-8. ProQuest. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. Kroll, Jerome, and Bernard S. Bachrach. The Mystic Mind: The Psychology of Medieval Mystics and Ascetics. New York: Routledge, 2005. Print. Byrne, Joseph Patrick. "At The Church and Churchyard." Daily Life during the Black Death. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2006. 85-113. Print. Queen, Christopher. "Asceticism." Philosophy East and West 49.1 (1999): 75-8. ProQuest. Web

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    Monasticism

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    Monasticism Deep within the trees little hooded men walk along a path to meditate and pray dressed in brown robes tied with nautical rope. They dwell in silence and live a life of celibacy. This is what most of think of when we hear the word monk. Throughout the years, monks have always been people of intrigue. They live a different lifestyle than most. They live a life of seclusion far from the mores of modern society, which often makes people ponder who these people really are and why

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    Yamabushi Research Paper

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    began as isolated clusters of mountain hermits and monks, who followed the path of Shugendo. Through the following of Shugendo, the Yamabushi searched for “spiritual, mystical, and supernatural powers.” (Yamabushi). They gained these powers through asceticism. It is said that the founder of Shugendo was an old sage named En no Gyoja. He is known as a type of Japanese Merlin. En no Gyoja lived in the late 7th century, he was said to have mystical powers and lived in seclusion climbing Japan’s sacred mountains

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    Life in the Middle Ages

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    IT WASN’T EASY LIVING IN THE MIDDLE AGES. In the middle ages 400 AD thru 1300 AD, there was a system call the hierarchy. The hierarchy was the feudalism system that was based on mutual obligations.The highest person in the royalty system would be the king, the king has all power and control over everyone. The next in the hierarchy would be the clergy, the clergy is filled with Popes, bishops, archdeacons, abbot, priors, deans, priests, and monk. You wouldn’t think their would be any other people

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    The scratching of many quill pens can be heard throughout the room. The rustling of papers, the pausing to dip in ink, these are the sounds that mark this building. This the year 700 AD, and these are monks in a little monastery in Ireland. This particular order has stood for hundreds of years, faithfully and quietly living out the Gospel. They arose in the early hours of the morning to spend several hours reciting the Psalms, hymns and Scriptures together, paused, and then did so again. They have

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