Antitrust Essays

  • Microsoft and Antitrust law

    1589 Words  | 4 Pages

    Microsoft and Antitrust law America's century-old antitrust law is increasingly irrelevant to our current worldwide information technology market. This law is outdated, in accordance to the modern Microsoft situation, because in the past there wasn't technology as there is now. Recently the government has been accusing Microsoft as being a monopoly. "Techno-Optimists" claim that "efforts by government to promote competition by restraining high-tech firms that acquire market power will only stifle

  • The Antitrust Laws

    1095 Words  | 3 Pages

    “The Antitrust Laws” Research Paper There once was a time where dinosaurs roamed the earth. Some dinosaurs were stronger than others, making them the superior creatures. The Tyrannosaurus Rex is not that different from a corporate empire; both T-Rexes and monopolies ruled the land with little to no competition. They devoured the weak, crushed the opposition, and made sure they were king, but then, all of a sudden, they were extinct. The giants that once were predators became prey, whether it be

  • De Beers And U.S. Antitrust Law

    1043 Words  | 3 Pages

    1. Briefly explain why some governments are concerned with monopolies. Monopoly, means that a firm is sole seller of a product without any close substitutes, controls over the prices the firms charge. Government sometime grants a monopoly because doing so is viewed not only to be in the public interest, but also to encourage it with price incentives. However, monopolies fail to meet their resource allocation efficiently, producing less than the socially desirable quantities of output and charging

  • AntiTrust Laws

    4451 Words  | 9 Pages

    AntiTrust Laws Introduction Competition in economics is rivalry in supplying or acquiring an economic service or good. Sellers compete with other sellers, and buyers with other buyers. In its perfect form, there is competition among many small buyers and sellers, none of whom is too large to affect the market as a whole; in practice, competition is often reduced by a great variety of limitations, including monopolies. The monopoly, a limit on competition, is an example of market failure. Competition

  • The Pros And Cons Of Antitrust Laws

    984 Words  | 2 Pages

    Antitrust laws are a collection of federal and state laws that regulate the business practices of large companies in order to promote and protect fair competition within an open-market economy. These laws prevent businesses from taking part in unfair business activities such as, but not limited to, price fixing, market allocation, and bid rigging. Price fixing is when two or more competitors agree to each charge the same price for a product and not undercut each other. Market allocation is when competitors

  • Antitrust Violation: Oligopolistic Or Negatively

    847 Words  | 2 Pages

    Antitrust Investigation An antitrust violation is a violation of the “laws designed to protect trade and commerce from abusive practice such as price-fixing, restraints, price discrimination and monopolization” (“Antitrust Violations / Wex Legal Dictionary/ Encyclopedia /LII / Legal Information Institute”, (n.d)). In looking at a company that has been investigated for antitrust behavior, identification of any pecuniary or non-pecuniary cost, along with any specific antitrust act violation will

  • The Importance Of The Sherman Antitrust Act

    1447 Words  | 3 Pages

    Carnegie Steel and Standard Oil rightfully took advantage of the US free market at the time, but once word of their predatory practices became publically known, these companies received penalties from the federal government. In 1890, the Sherman Antitrust Act was the first mass legislation passed to address oppressive business practices and monopolies. This act was in response to the aggressive business tactics. Although However, the law was effective against numerous labor unions which were found

  • The Pros And Cons Of Microsoft Antitrust

    706 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Microsoft Antitrust Case Is the Most Signifi cant Monopoly Case since the Breakup of AT&T in the Early 1980s. The Charges In May 1998 the U.S. Justice Department (under President Clinton), 19 individual states, and the District of Columbia (hereafter, “the government”) filed antitrust charges against Microsoft under the Sherman Antitrust Act. Microsoft had violated Section 2 of the act over a series of illegal actions planned to keep its “Windows” monopoly. The government also charged that some

  • Comparison Of Standard Oil And The Sherman Antitrust Act

    2086 Words  | 5 Pages

    a question of whether Standard Oil violated the Sherman Antitrust Act. Standard Oil was clearly in a trust combination and based on its questionable business practices, retraining trade and commerce throughout its oil hegemony. The penalties, up to a ten million dollar fine and up to three years imprisonment for involved individuals, would have crippled Standard Oil’s capital and leadership. Yet despite clearly violating the Sherman Antitrust Act, it was not until 1911 that the Standard Oil Trust

  • Sherman Antitrust Failure

    1786 Words  | 4 Pages

    corporations that infringed on antitrust laws, such as in United States v. E. C. Knight Company. Additionally, failure to mention labor unions had a particularly devastating effect. Employers continuously used the Sherman Antitrust to take down the efforts of labor unions and to suppress workers who attempted to take a stand against corporations. Most court cases ruled in favor of the employers, further halting union activities. By the beginning of the 20th century, the Sherman Antitrust had failed in every

  • Antitrust Laws In Sports

    1887 Words  | 4 Pages

    The MLB is exempted from antitrust laws and that started years and years ago. Baseball is exempt because the government and the court system view baseball as just a game, not a business. Baseball continues to enjoy being immune to antitrust laws because the government is unwilling to overturn legislation from decades ago that stated baseball was for fan enjoyment not a business. In 1903 it was ruled that players could not shop their service around to other teams to increase their salaries. The team

  • Antitrust Law Case Study

    1045 Words  | 3 Pages

    Antitrust Law Suit, Union and Conspiracy allegations Uber Technologies Inc. continues to battle with law suits regarding several issues in violation of the antitrust law. The question “who are Uber’s drivers (Gersham, 2016)?” have yet to be answered (Gersham, 2016). In California the class action suit on Uber’s driver status is still in question, “employees or independent contractors (Gersham, 2016). While in Manhattan there is an unusual antitrust case where the federal court is trying to answer

  • Investigation of Antitrust Law

    2376 Words  | 5 Pages

    Introduction The last physical conflict with the Indian Nations ended more than 120 years ago however, conflicts over land and respective privileges given to all American Indians, tribes, and nation governments still experience battles only on a different plain. Scholastic research in 2003 identified approximately 613 federally recognized tribes with reservations; 384 of the federally recognized tribes exist in the lower 48 states and an additional 229 Alaska Native Villages with registered land

  • My Definition of Success

    2225 Words  | 5 Pages

    “Success is the peace that comes with knowing your accomplishments have purpose.” – Hutch Putnam – Success is a word that really hard to define, because everyone will have a different definition for this word. In fact, there no exact definition for the word "success". For a student, maybe the success means to pass all courses of the semester; for a business man, signing a importance contract and get a lot of money are successes; and for a president, leading the country to develop and make the

  • Business Law Antitirust

    6871 Words  | 14 Pages

    that of antitrust action. Specifically, as it is applied to Microsoft, antitrust litigation is raising eyebrows in both the legal and business worlds. There is a hue and cry that antitrust laws as they exist today have outlived their usefulness when applied to cyber commodities and artificial intelligence. This paper will present those opposing viewpoints and attempt to answer the question: are laws wrought in the industrial age applicable to today’s technology? And if so, is the antitrust challenge

  • Monopolies

    3525 Words  | 8 Pages

    companies an even greater power. Incomplete Information. Often, once a company gains control of a particular market, that company does not disclose complete information in regard to their products. Such is the case in the current Microsoft antitrust case. Microsoft not only does not disclose complete information on their software products, but also goes one step further by making their software products incompatible with other operating systems. As a result, the consumer has no choice but

  • Powers of a Monopolistic Anarchy

    4598 Words  | 10 Pages

    business seems almost mind-boggling to Microsoft’s competing corporations, as well as the entire economic community, legal and commercial. Why is monopoly such an undesirable practice? Why does the Microsoft Monopoly, in particular, violate the antitrust laws, and how far ought the government go in its efforts to regulate and fight such monopoly. What are the economic crimes that Microsoft is guilty of? Is it, in fact, true when the critics argue that, “Microsoft gained its dominance over 20 years

  • The Pros And Cons Of Antitrust Violasion In Sports

    1789 Words  | 4 Pages

    Introduction- An antitrust violation happens when a professional sports league such as the MLB,NFL,NBA, OR NHL have an agreement to effect such things as raising the price of something, lowering an output, or holding onto an output which effects the customer of the product. When a league controls a market it also controls how the customer will have to purchase the product and how much it will cost. (Ross 2001) Summary of the article – The researcher chose to analyze an area where the monopoly sport

  • Greed Economics

    620 Words  | 2 Pages

    politically plugged in, or the “white” of this world. America’ richest man, Bill Gates received a stunning setback earlier this month when Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled against the $500 billion software company Microsoft, declaring that it violated antitrust law and was in fact a monopoly. In a Newsweek article dated November 15th rntitled “Bill Takes it on the Chin”, Judge Jackson stated: “Microsoft has demonstrated that it will use its prodigious market power and immense profits to harm any firm that

  • Making Utilities for MS-DOS

    4309 Words  | 9 Pages

    the documentation for that system is confidential and available only to the company that developed it? Obviously, only the company that has developed that operating system will be able to develop software for it. And this is a violation of the Antitrust Law. And now I start having a suspicion that this is happening with Microsoft's operating systems. It should be no secret to anyone that MS-DOS contains a lot of undocumented system calls, data structures and other features. Numerous books