Investigation of Antitrust Law

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Introduction The last physical conflict with the Indian Nations ended more than 120 years ago however, conflicts over land and respective privileges given to all American Indians, tribes, and nation governments still experience battles only on a different plain. Scholastic research in 2003 identified approximately 613 federally recognized tribes with reservations; 384 of the federally recognized tribes exist in the lower 48 states and an additional 229 Alaska Native Villages with registered land of less than 100 acres to the Navajo reservation exceeding 1.6 million acres (Adamson, 2003). Why are cognitive battles over land, rights, and trust funds occurring in the U.S. Supreme Courts still today? Of the over 55.7 million acres of reservation lands in the lower 48 states and 42 million acres of Alaska Native lands, the Indian Nation’s distinctly the foremost largest owner of private land in the U.S. with a collective land base fourth in size behind Alaska, Texas, and California (Adamson, 2003; Hettler, 2011; Pommersheim, 2013). The tribal lands account for “5 percent of the U.S. oil and 10 percent of the gas reserves, 30 percent of the low sulphur coal reserves and 40 percent of the privately held uranium deposits” (Adamson, 2003, p. 26). Although the Indian Nations are collectively the largest landowners in the U.S., the tribes are also the distinctly one of the poorest populations and recognized as being “land rich and dirt poor” (Adamson, 2003, p. 26). Today, the reported increase of overall income for the Indian Nations could exceed an additional $75 billion per year with an increase of 5 percent on the U.S. gross domestic product for natural resources if the Native American reservations developed the vast energy reso... ... middle of paper ... ... Retrieved from Regan, S., & Anderson, T. L. (2013). The energy wealth of Indian Nations. Property & Environment Research Center, 1-29. Retrieved from Scott, A. (1921). Participation in a breach of trust. Harvard Law Review, 34(5), 454-482. Retrieved from Stout, J. (2011). Tribal self-determination in natural resources: Management, control, and trust responsibilities or the lack thereof in Navajo Nation v. United States, 129 S. Ct. 1547 (2009). Nebraska Law Review, 89538. Twomey, D. P., Jennings, M., & Anderson, R. A. (2011) Anderson’s business law and the legal environment (21st ed.). Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning. United States v. Navajo Nation, 537 U.S. 488, 123 S. Ct. 1079, 155 L. Ed. 2d 60 (2003). United States v. Navajo Nation, 07-1410 (Supreme Court Apr. 6, 2009).
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