Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Essay examples

Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Essay examples

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The social contract theory was a political foundation that underlined the distinct forms of government. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke mention the formation of governments, the main key to form a successful government is through consent such as voting, joining a military, or allow to be ruled by a sovereign. The contrasting ideologies by both theorists differ in human nature, Hobbes believed that man is not a social animal while John Locke opposed to this idea and stated that by nature man was a social animal. The distinction that both portrayed in the role of the government in a man 's life and the perspective on the state of nature were argued in the following texts, Leviathan and Second Treatise of Government. Society consents to a government because they become aware of the idea that without an established institution the preservation of their life and rights would be in a critical condition. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke opposed on human nature, the acquisition of power by government, and the rights that the sovereign sets forth. For example Hobbes knew a contract existed between the sovereign and the people, but once the sovereign acquires complete control then he cannot be overthrown, he obtains absolute power. Contrasting to this ideology John Locke states that of the government set by the people fails to represent them or abuses their power they can be overthrown. Their distinct political ideology and their opposing views on human kind denotes the role of government in man’s state of nature.
Thomas Hobbes was an absolute monarchist that believed human beings were organisms that were in constant motion, and needed to have some sort of authority or restraint, so they could be stopped from pursuing any selfish act....


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... to you. Contrasting it to Hobbes ideology it is insane to enter a Commonwealth with property, you must enter with nothing relinquish any right or anything that pertains to you, the sovereign is the one who will lay out the rights, while Locke believes that by entering a Commonwealth enters with property. Locke 's political ideology is absurd due to the fact that by setting a sovereign in power an individual must relinquish any type of power and rights, one cannot give someone the power by giving their consent and establish conditions, and you must surrender completely and follow through the established laws.
Hobbes believes that man is constant state of war, but Locke believes that humans follow the natural law even if they are encountered in the state of nature. Both theorists differ on their perspective in human nature, social contract, and state of nature.

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