Essay On Social Contract Theory

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From elementary to high school and even college students are compelled to attend school all around the world. In schools students not only learn general education but learn a lot about themselves. It is said that in the first twenty years of an individual’s life are the years that the individual finds out who they really are. An individual’s moral beliefs are one of the most personal and complex pieces of that individual. There are several great moral theories that could be taught in school, but to only choose one is very difficult. Some of the most known moral theories are Utilitarianism, Virtue Ethics, Kantianism and even Social Contract Theory. All of these theories were developed by some of the most incredible philosophers of all time.…show more content…
Hobbes states that “morality should be understood as the solution to a practical problem that arises for self-interested human beings” (EMP pg.82). Hobbes believes that everyone wants to live as well as possible, but to flourish; we all need a cooperative social order. Without rules it is not possible go live well. Social Contract Theory has two purposes to complete its theory and they are morality and government. Morality is important in this theory because it makes social living possible and the purpose of government is to enforce the moral rules. The Social Contract Theory can easily be summed up as “morality consists in the set of rules, governing behavior that rational people will accept, on the condition that others accept as well.”(EMP pg.…show more content…
When Hobbes refers to this that is what he is talking about. The state of nature would be awful, due to the four basic needs that every human being needs. “There is equality of need” (EMP pg. 83). Everyone needs the same basic things to survive and those are food, shelter, clothing, and so on. “There is scarcity” (EMP pg. 83). People have to work hard to produce things, even when there is a small supply. Things are not just given to people. “There is equality of human power” (EMP pg. 83). This simple means that even if people are smarter or tougher then someone else it doesn’t mean that they cannot be brought down. The last one is “there is limited altruism” (EMP pg 84). No one can trust anyone besides themselves because others care more about themselves. With every human being having the same basic needs there is not enough to go around. The world would be total chaos; everyone would be fighting over everything. In a world like this no one would win. Without the Social Contract Theory there would be no rules or order and the world would be at war with each other. To get away from the state of nature society must cooperate with each other, when everyone works together more good comes out of it. When it comes down to the social contract
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