Personality Theories originate from the awareness that astute, intellectual theorists perceive when observing, examining and evaluating their own mental state of mind. Although theories are tested through research; human characteristics have exhibited that they can be demonstrated to contain errors. The most recent knowledge of understanding personality theories derives from a combination of components such as research on reoccurrences, culture, psychobiology, learning, traits, and social psychology. Alfred Adler titled his theory Individual Psychology with the belief that everyone is differently motivated. Fascinated with finding out what driving force motivates a person to reach their potential, and what keep them going during difficult times, Adler referred to his theory as “striving for superiority” (Friedman, H. and Schustack, (2012). Adler viewed motivation as future endeavors rather than the outcome of the past. He differed the basic concept of his personality typology from Classical Greek typology by referring to them as (1) Ruling-Dominant, (2) Getting- Leaning, (3) Avoiding and (4) Socially useful (Friedman, H. & Schustack, M., 2012).
Focusing on social structure and shrewd observation among others as well as himself, allowed Adler to believe that birth order was an important factor in determining personality characteristics (Friedman, H. & Schustack, M., 2012). He concluded that the second born child is competitive, last born is pampered the most; and after being the favored child for a given length of time, the first born will come to realize that they must share the attention of the parent with their sibling(s). This can create the tendency for the first born to regain status by taking on a...
... middle of paper ...
...past. His typology is based on how people respond to life on an individual basis. Adler’s typology is considered to be persuasive, yet it is difficult to validate. In compiling his theory, he chose to talk about the individual’s lifestyles and the way problems are handled, rather than speak on their activities, struggles and character. As children we’re maturing, we’re taught how society evolves, how society grows and it allows us to expand our creativity, outgrow fears, and advance in both intelligence and awareness.
Alfred Adler’s Personality Theory and Personality Types
Friedman, H. S. & Schustack, M. W. (2012). Personality: Classic theories and modern research, 5th Ed. Allyn & Bacon: Heights, MA
Ryckman R. (2012). Theories of Personalities. Retrieved from. https://books.google.com/books?id
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Title 7 Personality theories consists of several perspectives which are, the trait psychodynamic, humanistic, biological,behaviorist, evolutionary and social learning perspective: and each perspective thrives off the notions of free will and determinism. Free will is defined as the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one 's own discretion (cite).Determinism is defined as the doctrine that all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to the will(cite) The two ideals are on complete opposites of the personality spectrum.... [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning]
1874 words (5.4 pages)
- Theory Description Personality Theories originate from the awareness that astute, intellectual theorists perceive when observing, examining and evaluating their own mental state of mind. Although theories are tested through research; human characteristics have exhibited that they can be demonstrated to contain errors. The most recent knowledge of understanding personality theories derives from a combination of components such as research on reoccurrences, culture, psychobiology, learning, traits, and social psychology.... [tags: Alfred Adler, Psychology, Personality psychology]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- When we are born, over time we grow up and develop a personality. For each person, our personalities differentiate between one another which presents a wide variety of individuals. According to psychology, there are different factors that make up who we are. Today, I will be talking about the four major theories of personality (Psychodynamic, five-factor model, humanistic, and social-cognitive). The first major theory of personality I will be talking about is the psychodynamic theory. Psychodynamics is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.... [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology, Trait theory]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- Paul Costa and Robert McCrae One of the major theories of personality is the trait theory. In trait theory, the measurement of traits gives insight into personality. A trait is a habitual pattern of behavior, thought and emotion. As the theory progressed many psychologists began to use five factors to categorize numerous traits. These researchers determined that these factors were fundamental dimension of personality (McCrae & John, 1990). Two such psychologists were Paul Costa and Robert McCrae and their version is very well known.... [tags: Big Five personality traits, Trait theory]
1066 words (3 pages)
- Key Figures: Just list the key people associated with the theory Gordon Allport, Raymond B. Cattell, Hans Eysenc, & Lewis Goldberg Key Concepts of Personality Formation: Traits are personality dispositions to behave in a certain way, as expressed in the behavior of a person in a variety of circumstances. Traits are enduring characteristics that describes an individual’s behavior through a variety of situations. Two important factors regarding trait definition are distinction and consistency, (Cervone & Pervin, 2010; Davis & Palladino, 2004; VandenBos, 2007).... [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology, Trait theory]
1423 words (4.1 pages)
- Introduction: What is Personality. Allport defines personality as ‘the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’ (Allport, 1937). An individual’s unique personality traits and attributes are a powerful indicator of how he/she will interact with the work environment. The difference between average and outstanding employees can often be solely personality related. As the employee is the most valuable asset to the company, ‘selecting the right employee during the process is critical’ (Carbery and Cross, 2013, pp.... [tags: traditional theory, cognitive theory]
1730 words (4.9 pages)
- Introduction I will explain and describe with this paper the personality theories with a closer view on the „Trait Theory“. The big-five Theory is in my opinion really interesting and a great help for everyone to see what kind of personlity you have. How was this theory developed and can you use the Theory for different cultures. That are question I would like to research and write about. The Trait theory is one of the major theories. The theories are old and developed for a long time ago and that makes it interesting to know if there are any new theories.... [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology, Trait theory]
1887 words (5.4 pages)
- The ten most prominent traits that I believe best explain my personailty are practical, assertive, outgoing, emotional, relaxed, shrewd, tough-minded, conscientious, self-sufficient, and suspicious. I chose these from Cattell 's sixteen personality factors found in our textbook. I believe that this list strongly encompasses me as a person and could be a decent judge of my behovior or actions in certain situations. When given the same list and the same definition my boyfriend of four years, the person that I believe knows me the best, chose seven of the same traits I had.... [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology, Theory]
1121 words (3.2 pages)
- Attraction Theory Attraction theory essentially posits that people are more likely to be attracted to those who have similarities to themselves, on the other hand, there are some who attract the opposite personality to theirs. Key concepts of this theory are that it is typified by various characteristics that a person has, as well as components of their personality and overall being. They may have similarities such as” hones/ethical” or their appearance is attractive to the person. (DeVito 2016) Another, is personality traits as self-esteem, shyness and optimism are likely to be shared and exhibited between people who have some form of relationship between them.... [tags: Sociology, Communication, Personality psychology]
1278 words (3.7 pages)
- The multi-causal model of drug abuse takes into account social and individual causes of addiction, both distant and immediate, that lead to a disposition to using drugs, drug use and the social and individual consequences. Why a person becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol is different for everyone. Some are genetically predisposed, some learn it from their environment (i.e. family or friends), and still others use it to avoid a trauma they have experienced. The case history describes a client that had both social and individual causes for her alcohol use and subsequent dependence.... [tags: alcohol, personality theories]
955 words (2.7 pages)
- Graduation Speech : My Mom And My Family
- Policy Analysis Of The Affordable Care Law
- Applying Cross Curricular Connections From An Arts
- The Story Of Poppy Had Always Been A Unique Character
- A Message For Canadians : The World 's Fastest Growing Of A Nation By Putting Their Own Freedom
- Thomas Paine 's Common Sense