The Reconstruction did have some good effects. Some examples of its positive effects are that it restored the Union, started the rebuilding of the South, and public schools were established in the south that had a lasting importance on the region. However, the many negative effects of this era outweigh the positive effects. It failed to solve the economic problems of either the blacks or the South as a whole. Few blacks acquired land and so lacked the economic independence that it provided. Most blacks continued to pick cotton land that was owned by whites, the same labor they had performed as slaves. The South remained the poorest, most backward section of the country. In politics, Reconstruction made most southern whites firm supporters of the Democratic party and created what was known as the “Solid South”. For more than 40 years after Reconstruction, no Republican Presidential candidate received a majority of votes in any southern states. Reconstruction failed to bring racial harmony to the South. Whites refused to share important political power with blacks. In turn, blacks set up their own churches and other institutions rather than attempting to join white society.
One of the most destructive failure was how the blacks were still victimized by the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the KKK, was originally founded in the Southern states after the Civil War to kill off the blacks in heinous ways. Reconstruction failed to protect former slaves. White southerners made it a point to not be able to progress by passing various laws such as the black codes. Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866. These laws had the purpose of limiting African Americans freedom, and forcing them to work under harsh conditions for low wages. Even though slaves were now free, segregation was a huge issue. The Jim Crow laws were state laws forcing the blacks and whites to be separated in the Southern United States. President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on April 14th, 1865. Since Lincoln was shot, the country denied his orders during Reconstruction. Most of the Southerners felt like they were superior to the Reconstruction and felt as if they did not have to follow its orders. Another failure of Reconstruction was the poverty. Poverty was a tremendous issue in the south because many white southerners lost their land. Although the plan of Reconstruction was to succeed, I personally believe Reconstruction had more negatives than positives. The idea was in the right direction, but because of white southerners and laws passed Reconstruction
To begin with, the worldwide depression in 1873 destroyed the South’s already fragile economy. This led to their public credit to collapse, their debts to mount and their economic growth to completely stop growing. This also would lead to the collapse of the Republican party. As we can see, the Union failed to successfully integrate and remake the South and its economy. Furthermore, the Reconstruction failed to adequately integrate freedmen into society. Even though the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were passed, supposedly giving freedmen some more rights, the emergence of groups such as the Ku Klux Klan limited the civil liberties of the freedmen and also committed several atrocities against them. Moreover, freedmen were usually in terrible economic situations and they were forced in sharecropping because they did want to be wageworkers which might have been similar to slavery. However, sharecropping would lead them into an endless circle of debt which would put them in position similar to when they were slaves. Therefore a majority of the freedmen were in poverty and massive amounts of racism still existed in society. Overall, we can see that Reconstruction was a not a complete failure because of the passing of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments which still remain in our Constitution
Reconstruction both succeeded and failed. Some contemporaries of the time period considered the Reconstruction era a "waste of time and money." It did not give blacks the rights and freedom the government claimed to have bestowed upon them. However, others believed it to be a necessary period that opened new doors and made the United States a better country. The government created the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments and established the Freedmen's Bureau. Also, economic, political, and social standings throughout the country improved.
His historical accounts brought forth throughout the book emphasized certain key actors hindering the First Reconstruction’s success; the assignation of Abraham Lincoln, the split among the Republicans, and negative court rulings against federal protection of the 15th amendment as well as the 1877 Compromise were the major events leading to the ultimate failure of the First Reconstruction. With the North politically unfocused and unable to create a plan to efficiently and effectively rekindle the relationship between themselves and the South, reflected the nature of the Reconstruction. Although, there was a short period of time where newly freed slaves were brought into the political arena, the rise of white supremacy groups and racism created an opportunity for Democrats to creep back into the political realm, failing to successfully integrate African American’s into society as
Reconstruction government made many changes. It strengthened public education and made it available to black children. It strengthened public education and made it available to black children. It also helped the position of women by expanding legal rights for women.
... The cause was forfeited not by Republicans, who welcomed the African-American votes, but to the elite North who had concluded that the formal end of slavery was all the freed man needed and their unpreparedness for the ex-slaves to participate in the Southern commonwealth was evident. Racism, severe economic depression, an exhausted North and troubled South, and a campaign of organized violence toward the freed man, overturned Reconstruction. The North withdrew the last of the federal troops with the passing of The Compromise of 1877. The freed slaves continued to practice few voting rights until 1890, but they were soon stripped of all political, social and economic powers. Not until the civil rights movement in the 1950’s and 1960’s were the freedoms that were fought for by our Republican forefathers nearly 100 years before, finally seen through to fruition.
...ights of blacks due to the inequitable laws such as the Black Codes, Jim Crow Laws, and sharecropping, and the fact that the Economic Depression of 1873 and the common acts of corruption distressed the economy. The southern states were reunified with the northern states through Lincoln and Johnson’s Reconstruction programs, even though Congress did not fully support them and created their own plan. Reconstruction was meant to truly give blacks the rights they deserved, but the southerners’ continuous acts of discrimination including the Black Codes, Jim Crow Laws, and sharecropping eventually denied them of those rights. Lastly, the negative effects of the corruption and the Panic of 1873 lead to economic failure during Reconstruction. These issues relate to our society because people do still face discrimination and corruption in our economy still exists today.
After the ending of the Civil War in 1865, slavery was, at last, formally abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment. Due to the freedom of these African Americans and the South’s ever-growing hatred towards this group, African Americans were left to suffer harsh discrimination and horrible conditions. Africans Americans were left without homes, education, jobs, or money. Reconstruction was the Radical Republicans’ attempt to try and bring the Confederate states back to normal and unite both the South and the North into a whole country once again. Reconstruction was also set to protect and help the newly freed African Americans assimilate to the new society and the foreign economy they were placed in. Conditions of the African Americans in the South before, during, and after the reconstruction period were no doubt harsh. African Americans, before the Reconstruction Era, struggled to assimilate with the hateful society they were thrown in, if not still slaves. Although their condition improved slightly, African Americans during the reconstruction period experienced extreme terrorism, discrimination, pressure, and hatred from the south, along with the struggle of keeping alive. After the military was taken out of the South, African Americans’ condition after the Reconstruction Era relapsed back as if Reconstruction never happened.
The events and movements that promoted the federal government to redefine the standing of African Americans in American society between 1857 and 1877 started in 1857 with the Dred Scott Case. This is followed a few years later when 1863 President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. This states that “all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free.” In 1863 President Lincoln announces The 10 Percent Plan. In March 1865 the Freedmen’s Bureau was created by Congress. In April 4, 1865 President Lincoln is assassinated making Andrew Johnson president where the next month in May 1865 the new President Johnson announces his plan for Reconstruction. Shortly after in November 1865 there are new “Black Codes” denying African Americans many rights and allowing unnecessary arrests. The next month in December 1865 the states ratify the 13th Amendment that abolishes slavery. Early the next year in February 1866 Congress attempts to protect ex-slaves by elevating the power of the Freedmen’s Bureau. Two months later in April 1866 Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1866. June that same year Congress submits the 14th Amendment to the states for ratification. In the Summer of 1866, rioting took place in Memphis and New Orleans by whites, showing Northerners that they need to take more action for the freedmen. The next year in March 1867 Congress separates the South into two military districts that are subject to Martial Law. This allows for ratification of the 14th Amendment and guarantees voting rights for African American men. In early 1868 President Johnson was impeac...