Taylorism and Work Place Efficiency Essays

Taylorism and Work Place Efficiency Essays

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Taylorism is a system that was designed in the late 19th century, not only to maximise managerial control, but to also expand the levels of efficiency throughout workplaces. With this being said, productivity levels increased and fair wage distribution was the main result. However, with other, more recent theories and systems, such as Maslow and Herzburg’s theories, these helped to focus on the satisfaction and motivation of the workers rather than the concern of managerial control and empowerment. Fredrick W. Taylor ended up developing 4 main principles to help increase the work efficiency and productivity in workplaces; these will be discussed later on. Other theories relating to this include, Fayol, Follett, Management Science Theory as well as Organisational-Environmental Theory. All theories listed have an influence on the way businesses work effectively and put their skills to action. This essay will highlight how Taylorism was designed to maximise managerial control and increase productivity, furthermore, showing how more recent theories were developed to focus on empowering employees and to extend the use of organisational resources.
Scientific Management Theory
Fredrick W. Taylor’s main intentions for his theory of Scientific Management was to effectively increase the amount of productivity and efficiency within an organisation. As Robbins and Coulter stated, ‘the use of scientific methods to define the “one best way” for a job to be done’. (Robbins, Coutler, n.d, pg. 29). Taylor introduced a ‘fair days wage’ as mentioned in Episode 143: Fredrick Winslow Taylor’s Scientific Management (2013) to be paid regardless for the amount of output each person produced. This wage was determined by the standard a worker should be pr...


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...the best output.



Reference
Episode 143: Fredrick Winslow Taylor’s Scientific Management 2013, YouTube, Alanis Business Academy, 19 Nov, retrieved April 4 2014,
Helmit. K. Anheier, 2005, NonProfit Organistions Theory Management Policy, Routledge, USA
Jackell, 1988, Looking Up and Looking Around, Oxford University Press
Parker, 2002, Against Management. Wiley
Richardson, Chapman, 2011, Key Concepts in VCE Business Management 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd, Queensland.
Ritzer, 2011, An Introduction to McDonaldization, Sage Publishers
Robbins, Coulter, n.d., Management Eleventh Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey
Waddell, Jones, George, 2013, Contemporary Management 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co, North Ryde.
2006, Collins Australian School Dictionary, HarperCollins Publishers Australia Pty Limited

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