May 4, 2016
Disease Research Paper
Thyroid cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers with 62,500 new cases as of 2015 (American Cancer Society). There are more cases of thyroid cancer diagnosed in women than in men (American Cancer Society). In 2015, there were 47,230 cases diagnosed in women and 15,220 in men (American Cancer Society). Although thyroid cancer has a high diagnosis rate each year, the different types of thyroid cancer can usually be treated successfully with good remission statistics to follow (American Cancer Society).
Thyroid cancer, by definition, is a disease in which the thyroid cells become abnormal, grow uncontrollably, and form tumors (World of Health). Thyroid cancer has many differentiated types that look a lot like normal thyroid tissue when looked under a microscope and develop from thyroid follicular cells (American Cancer Society). These different types of thyroid cancers are papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma, hürthle cell carcinoma, anaplastic carcinoma, and medullary thyroid carcinoma (American Cancer Society). The major symptoms that could be a sign of thyroid cancer include a lump in the neck, sometimes going up to the ears, swelling in the neck, pain in front of the neck, hoarseness, voice changes that do not go away, trouble swallowing or breathing, and a constant cough not due to a cold (American Cancer Society). To determine if one has thyroid cancer, doctors order blood tests to check if the person’s thyroid if functioning properly or an ultrasound to see if the lumps found in the thyroid are fluid-filled cysts or malignant tumors (World of Health). Doctors will also sometimes order a biopsy to obtain a sample of thyroid tissue to examine (World of Health). The TNM st...
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...cal Oncology). In this type of surgery, there is less scarring and reduced recovery periods for the patient (American Society of Clinical Oncology). New treatments include clinical trials such as radio labeled antibodies being tested for medullary thyroid cancer (American Society of Clinical Oncology). There are also clinical trials for targeted therapy (American Society of Clinical Oncology). Medicine can always improve, and one way it can is through color-coded surgery. Color-coded surgery offers the opportunity to better be able to see the cancerous parts on the thyroid and surrounding the thyroid. It is also more time efficient, which results in a safer procedure for the patient. Everyone should remember that despite being very treatable, cancer is cancer, and those who survive thyroid cancer are just as much survivors as those of brain cancer or breast cancer.
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