Moral reasoning requires athletes to think about what is a good decision and is this decision right or wrong, strategic decisions are based on what advantage will this bring to the individual. Moral decisions produce a variety of different outcomes and two common areas of moral thinking include consequentialism and deontological theory. Both consequentialism and deontologicalism have strengths and weaknesses and both theories are used in a variety of situations, in regards to sports ethics.
According to Schneider (2009), consequentialism is when “the consequences of actions are the primary element in determining thr right action to take in a given situation.” Consequentialism is one of the most common forms of moral decision making that exists and many individuals and teams use consequentalism on a daily basis. Although the term “consequentialism” had not be used to describe this moral dilemma under 1958, the idea of “the end justifies the means has been around since as early at 5th-century B.C. Consequentialism includes ideas such as hedonism, utilitarianism, and best interests of all. According to Portmore (2003), “consequentialism has perservered over the years because of its simple and seductive idea that it can never be wrong to produce the best available state of affairs.” Consequentialism acts in the best interest of everyone involved and it looks to provide the best consequences for everyone involved in the situation and sports tries to satisfy the masses, therefore it is often times chosen as moral choices when making decisions in sports.
While it is virtually impossible to make everyone happy when making sports decisions, it is important for league commissioners to make decisi...
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...en made and there is a precidence, there is a need for deontological moral decisions to be made. This is not a strong choice when dealing with situations where decisions revolve around momentum or extenuating circumstances.
It is important to evaluate a variety of different moral theories and determine which is the best moral theory to use to make the best decision. There are a variety of different situations that require different moral evaluations and it is important to determine which theory is proper for each situation.
Kant, I. (1960). The metaphysical foundations of morals. (R. B. Blakney, Ed.) New York: Harper & Brothers.
Portmore, D. W. (2005). Combining teleogical ethics with evaluator relativism: A promising result. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly , pp. 95-113.
Schneider, R. C. (2009). Ethics of Sports & Athletics. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer.
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