The Slave Trade Of Africa Essay

The Slave Trade Of Africa Essay

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The export of Africans throughout the world as slaves acted as the main income for many European countries. Owning slaves represented power, wealth, and free labor that the Europeans valued more than many of the goods that Africa offered. No person would give up their freedom willingly and without contest, so how did exporting people prove to be more profitable, despite the resistant that was faced? What made the slave trade so successful was the method of obtaining slaves, all of which proved more advantageous for the Europeans.
There were four main methods that the Europeans utilized during the slave trade of Africa. One of the least effective ways of obtaining slaves was kidnapping the people of Africa and forcing them into slavery. Europeans technological advantage in weaponry proved to make this a feasible effort, but not one that was desired. The Europeans feared a direct large scale retaliation, one they would not be able to adequately defend against if the continent of Africa united under one purpose. The Europeans also wished to continue trading within West Africa, so antagonizing large groups by kidnapping as their main method of obtaining slaves would prove to be unwise.
Kidnapping eventually evolved into organized slaved raids, which is a more effective method the Europeans utilized in order to obtain slaves. The Europeans utilized organized groups historians refer to as “bandits”, which were groups of Africans that would receive guns and other goods from the Europeans. In result, they would pose raids in order to kidnap more slaves in order to protect and empower themselves. Eventually, these bandits became to be known as politico-military organizations that would protect themselves by raiding for the Europeans. T...

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...l that he or she could be exported as a slave at any point in time. Inikori argues that by the mid-1600s, slave trade takes importance over all other goods, while everything else is valued less. Fage argued that traders prospered; however, Inikori argues Europe did not need African goods due to their trade with Asia. Many of the things they could receive from Africa, such as cloth, they could receive from other countries as well. Combined with political fracturing, the economy of West Africa was becoming inseparable to the slave trade; thus, driving it further into underdevelopment.
Fage’s arguments are mostly based on weak speculation and examples that can be easily disproved; however, Inikori proves to be more persuasive due to utilizing facts, clear logic, and sound arguments. By utilizing these tools, I am more inclined to believe in Inikori as opposed to Fage.

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