African Americans are susceptible to racial discrimination, a reality that ultimately shapes the way of life for African Americans (Hine, et. al., 2012). To many people, the term slavery suggests the enslavement of African people that were transported by the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. But to Karenga, the term slave means much more. Karenga defines the Trans-Atlantic slave trade as the “Holocaust of Enslavement,” which is a much more powerful designation of slavery.
Firstly, when the Europeans arrived in Africa mainly the Portuguese, they had a good motive of trade. At that time Africans were the main producers of gold and when the Portuguese arrived they had to establish trading relationships. That trade was of a great significance to the African community because they were able to profit from it by exchanging their gold, ivory and other minerals with the European goods, such as copper, brass, cowrie shells and cloths (Shillington, 1995, p. 169). But still Africa lost its vast minerals and raw materials at that time. However, this encounter with the Europeans turned into a huge consequence when the slave trade was introduced.
The trafficking of slaves was such an extensive business during the 17th and 18th century. Not only was there the importing and exporting of slaves, but there was also other materials traded during the time. Goods such as cotton, tobacco, coffee, chocolate and so on were traded along side the slaves. This was because at the time, Africa was involved in something called a “triangular trade.” Africa was tangled in the three way trade with America and Europe. What most people don’t know is that those weren’t the only continents that were involved.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, slavery connected the world. Slaves were present on almost every continent and were traded frequently across the Atlantic Ocean. Various countries influenced their allies, persuading others to join the chaotic process of selling human lives. Slaves were taken from their native homeland in Africa, sold to plantation owners in the West Indies, and then shipped to their final destination: the United States of America. This was not just a bad habit or business tactic; slavery became a cruel lifestyle.
Slavery in Africa, Europe, and Jamaica Traders, businessmen, African slavers and slaves each had a unique experience and involvement in the business of the transatlantic slave trade. This lucrative process, that lasted between 1500 to 1870 AD included three different hemispheres: Europe, Africa, and the Americas, specifically Jamaica. In Africa slavery existed long before European exposure, however, over time the motivation for slavery changed. Originally slavery existed because of the expanding of African territories or the need to pay off debts. Europeans, during their attempts to make a shorter trade route to India and Asia, encountered the African custom and adopted it.
The idea of utilizing slave labor in plantation agriculture came forth in the continent of Europe. European merchants began the early slave trade by transporting slaves to work on different plantations located in the Portuguese island colonies. Significant amounts of profits were made especially from the sugar plantation lands on the island of Sao Tome, with the demanding and rigorous work schedules of slaves. When the Triangular Trade emerged, with the demand for work sources in the western hemisphere, European merchants were able to increase their profit even more by selling slaves for double the amount with posted advertisements (Bentley, 1769). Europe most certainly gained an economic advantage with the event of the Atlantic Slave Trade, as well as a lead in their progress in industrialization.
When the Europeans began trading humans, the Africans become known as slaves. In 1641 slavery became legally approved in America. It took hundreds of years before Americans got rid of the slavery legally. There are many effects of slavery that still linger in America today. Slavery became such a strong institution in the Americas that people had to struggle very hard to stop this institution.
The Views and Lifestyles of Slaves During Slavery Throughout the history of world there have been many documented cases of oppression and violence that one country or one race has forces upon another. Although the notion of slavery is thought to be gone from today's world, there are still numerous countries that force individuals to work against their will for little or no rewards. A massive area to studying and view slavery took place in the United States from the early seventieth century up to the American civil war, which ended slavery, in the middle nineteenth century. The driving force behind slavery was the demand for cheap labour, and the slave owners and slave traders were determined to obtain it. The exploitation of their slaves, which were to be from Africa, was a huge business throughout North America.
Slavery was one of the tragedies that have shaped not only American history, but global history as well. So what exactly is slavery? Slavery was the legal trade of human beings to be sold for a profit. These people who were taken from their motherland and brought to the United States, Brazil, and a few of the Caribbean islands were forced to do work in households and outside in the fields. Slavery continued throughout the 1500’s to the 1800’s.
Slavery has been used throughout history but the African slave trade of the seventeenth and eighteenth century is the most brutish known to history. It was unique in three major ways. The amount of slaves being traded was tremendous. More than eleven million African slaves were “shipped” to the New World between 1519 and 1867. Of these eleven million, only 9.5 million reached the sure because of disease and extremely poor traveling accommodations.