Mesopotamia, often called the Cradle of Civilization, was nestled between two rivers: the Tigris and Euphrates. The land has fertile, dark, rich soil and golden wheat fields. It is no surprise that this area became a prominent civilization because the land was arable and produced surplus amounts of food. The rivers provided fresh-water and transportation. Transportation was especially important because Sumerians did not have all the natural resources needed to thrive; therefore, trade was vital.
However, nothing comes without a price. The rivers were prone to flooding, which could devastate the land for long periods of time. Yet, the flooding of the rivers caused the Sumerians to organize into groups to control flooding. This created a type of government. Eventually, Sumer was divided into independent city-states. In each city-state there was a ruler-who was usually a warrior that rose to power.
Within each city-state there was a hierarchy as well. Under the ruler: publicans, scribes, and high-priests made up the upper-class. Lesser priests, scribes, and artisans were a part of the lower-class. Peasant farmers and slaves resided in the lowest of the classes, and most of the Sumerians were a part of th...
... middle of paper ...
...uld not have existed without the rivers that they were located by, and both civilizations had to adapt to the flooding of the rivers they were near. Trading was important to both civilizations because Egypt and Sumer were located in similar regions that did not produce all resources needed for survival.
Though the civilizations were set up in a similar fashion, each civilization had some unique qualities that set it apart from the other. One difference was that the people of Ancient Mesopotamia did not believe in the same gods as the people of Egypt. Another contrast was that the Sumerians did not perform mummification. Furthermore, the Sumerians loathed the afterlife, whereas the Egyptians believed in an afterlife of eternal bliss. Despite the differences between Egypt and Sumer, one thing is certain: both civilizations had an effect on the ancient world-and ours.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Differences and Similarities between ancient Greek and Roman Civilizations By Arley Uldrich Pre-AP World History 4th Peirce The Greeks and the Romans, two completely different civilizations and yet so similar. They both had their different customs and traditions and may have been years apart, but they are the same, or as the same two different people can be. Both had the ability for greatness, and both were able to create a far reaching empire full of many different types of people.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Roman Republic]
1371 words (3.9 pages)
- Dating back to the earliest civilizations, man has erected structures that exemplify the cultural ideals of their time. These architectural creations lent themselves as gathering places for religious ceremonies, venues where business and commerce were conducted and places where people met to socialize and for entertainment. From the great Ziggurats and Temples of the Mesopotamians and Persians, we can also see the similarities in ancient Egyptian architecture. The scopes of the architecture built by these cultures were massive.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Rome]
1594 words (4.6 pages)
- In this essay I argue that the three civilizations we have discussed so far had certain qualities value in their leadership, and also had challenges that their leaders faced in the civilizations. I will be discussing the leader 's responsibilities and their commands. I also will be discussing how each civilization operated what it was that was taking place in their society When you hear the word king do you think of the ruler of just one country. In most cases this is true, however ancient Mesopotamia contained several city states.... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Mesopotamia, Achilles]
847 words (2.4 pages)
- The Nile and Indus River Valley civilizations were both unique civilizations in their own way in comparison. Yet despite being separated by thousands of miles there are similarities in these two ancient civilizations. It is seen that amongst ancient civilizations, rivers are fundamental for them to prosper and provide for a relatively stable society for which a people can grow and develop. There are general similarities with pinpoint differences as well as general differences with pinpoint similarities.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization]
1525 words (4.4 pages)
- ... Tesserae were sometimes placed in specific angles to reflect light. More detailed aspects of mosaics were often constructed on a piece of cloth. As years passed more earthy toned mosaics were replaced with backgrounds of blues and later gold. Word Count: 609 Part C: Evaluation of Sources Source 1 Marcus Rautman. "Byzantine Luxury Arts." In World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2004-. Accessed April 8, 2014. http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/. The origin of the document “Byzantine Luxury Arts” written by Marcus Rautman is a secondary source article addressing the techniques and materials of different Byzantine crafts and art forms that were highly valued by the Byzantine p... [tags: artistic styles, use of icons and symbols]
1678 words (4.8 pages)
- Early Governments When humans first evolved, they evolved into a society that did not yet have a government. At first they lived without any rules or laws. This type of society is known as Anarchy. When people began farming and settling down in one place it quickly became difficult to live is a society without any authority. Therefore new types of governments emerged. The initial government was a Royal Theocracy, in which the society is controlled by religion. The highest ranked priests in such a society were able to talk to the gods and hear their demands in order to assure a good harvest.... [tags: world history, governmental]
698 words (2 pages)
- The two ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt coexisted in the Mediterranean world, however some aspects of their cultures differed from one another. Both civilizations viewed humanity as an aid to their higher power or gods. The relations between humans in Mesopotamia was usually a violent conflict over power or land. Whereas, Egyptians lived peacefully amongst one another because everyone was willing to serve their role in society, no matter where it was. Mesopotamians believed gods created people to provide for them, and they also controlled nature in disastrous ways as a punishment for humanity.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Nile, Mesopotamia, Egypt]
1231 words (3.5 pages)
- Women in the ancient world had few rights, they differed from country to country or, in the case of the women of Athens and Sparta, from city-state to the city-state. The women of the city-states of Athens and Sparta had profound differences in their roles in the political and the daily lives of their families and their cities. When it came to the difference in levels of power and the rights of women, Sparta was a leader in its time. At the same time, their rights as citizens were almost the same.... [tags: ancient women, spartan women, athens]
1843 words (5.3 pages)
- The role of women in different civilizations, even though on different spectrums of the world, had many similarities and only a few differences. Women in these four civilizations: Greece, Egypt, China, and India faced many of the same hardships, struggles, and prejudices. Some of this treatment of women didn’t even end until present day (1920’s). In some of these civilizations women were able to rise up somewhat in their communities but it didn’t come without some kind of interference. When it came to the rights of these women, they really didn’t have any at all.... [tags: essays research papers]
1294 words (3.7 pages)
- No one can deny that Greek civilization has had an impact on western civilization. If it wasn't for Archeology and the scientists involved in that field; all we would know about the History of Ancient Greece would be based on conjectures, myths, and the stories of ancient historians like Erothotos and Thikithithis, which although would help a great deal about the times they were living in; it would be useless for the period's before they lived. An example would be the Bronze age; which is the time period that the famous Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations flourished.... [tags: Ancient History]
841 words (2.4 pages)