Thus, they invented symbols/letter that could record this information. Possibly the most famous of all ancient Egyptian scripts is hieroglyphic. Additional scripts were developed over the three thousand year old history. Using these markings, scribes preserved the beliefs, history and ideas of ancient Egypt in temple and tomb walls as well as on papyrus scrolls. Mesopotamia’s legacy survives today through the highly developed agricultural system and the refined irrigation and water-control systems that enabled Sumer to grow large cities.
Many empires have risen and fallen from the beginning of human origins, they all have mutual features that led to their success. The river valley of Ancient Egypt in Northern Africa thrived from 3200 BCE to 1640 BCE. Right above that The Ancient Greece empire began in 750 BCE and ended in 338 BCE. The Aksum empire started its reign in 100 CE and ended in 750 CE. All three of these empires rose and fell because of geography, which demonstrates how geography truly is the mother of history.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization There have been many prosperous civilizations throughout the history of the world. Many of them became very large, and lasted for a countless number of years. The most successful and large scale civilization, however, was that of Ancient Egypt. Although it lies in the middle of the largest desert in the world, egyptians were able to use their intelligence to utilize the Nile River and cultivate the surrounding land for farming. They came up with very unique conceptual ideas that benefitted them greatly, and discovered many new things that would impact society around the world to this day.
Such things were: writing (cuneiform), basic algebra and geometry, and calendars. It is remarkable to think that a people that existed about 3000 years before Christ entered was able to create such things when the world was so primitive. Cultural diffusion occurred when other civilizations learned things through contact with the Sumerians. The civilized people of the world disparaged from Sumer. Egypt had a vast civilization that lasted for a long time.
The Nile had the greatest impact on timeless civilization that originated on it in the past ages, the Nile held oldest civilization immortalized in history. Ancient Egyptians could not have survived without the Nile River, which in essence, inspired their way of living, “The country’s verdant green fields and bountiful food resources depended on the fertile soil of the Nile flood plain” (Silverman 12). In turn, many ancient
Ancient cultures such as the Sumerians, Hebrews, and Egyptians made a variety of contributions to civilization, some of which can still be seen to this very day. The Sumerians, an ancient civilization nestled in between the great Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, made a variety of contributions to civilization. From advancements in literature, government, law, education, and agriculture the contributions of this once great society have a profound effect on our society even today. Possibly one of the greatest Sumerian contributions to civilization today, the invention of writing, has proven to be an irreplaceable component to the advancement of civilization in both the past and the present. The following excerpt from an article compiled by The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago describes the significance of this Sumerian development, “The invention of writing was the dawn of the information revolution.
The Nile provided the crucial resources needed by a growing civilization. It caused all the ancient Egyptian communities to develop alongside the river. It also created a way of transportation of goods and people. This caused the development of boats and other water traveling methods. Providing extremely fertile soil is one, if not the most important, roles the Nile River played in the life of the ancient Egyptians.
Civilization is an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached. Mesopotamia and Egypt are both perfect examples of this definition. Both of these ancient civilizations have been credited with providing the world with a plethora of contributions dating back to around 4000 B.C. Mesopotamia, which was established in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers around 4000 B.C. had made its mark on history by leaving behind a countless number of contributions, many of which are still practiced in today’s world, or at least have paved the way to further innovations.
Ancient and Modern Egypt ( ) There are some countries that have a large civilization, but how many countries have had a successful civilization throughout its existence? What if there is a country has a civilization from 7000 years ago that has a rich history, various progresses, cultures, governments, customs, and habits? A lot of its heritages still until now. Egypt was one of the most wonderful civilizations in human history. Ancient Egyptians lived around the Nile River, where they found the rich soil for cropping and invented tools to build their successful civilization.
This is the time when kings and rulers were commonly called pharaohs. Many of the highly recognized leaders of Egypt came from this era of Egyptian history. From about 1500 BCE to 1490 BCE, the Egyptian pharaoh Tuthmosis I expanded the already large size of the Egyptian empire to the Euphrates River, Syria, and Nubia. His successor brought greatly expanded trade markets to the dynasty. These peaceful and great times in Egypt lasted until about 1400 BCE when Amenhotep IV took to the throne.