The Sign Of Four By Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Essay

The Sign Of Four By Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Essay

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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is perhaps one of the best-known authors in the world. If you are unfamiliar with him perhaps you 'll know his creations better. He was the original creator of Sherlock Holmes, a revolutionary detective who was far beyond his time and helped shaped modern forensics. The Sign of Four is a story takes place in India and while being an incredible story that gives much insight into the characters, looking at the story from a historical viewpoint gives us a view into the genus that is Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The Sign of Four was written in 1890 a year after the bertillonage method was created and widely adopted. Fingerprinting wasn 't widely adopted until 1892 when it was used by Juan Vucetich to convict a woman who had murdered her two sons. Yet fingerprinting is Mr.Holmes prefered method of identification in The Sign of Four. Fingerprints were also used in the adventure of the Norwood Builder as well as in The Missing Years. In The Missing Years Mr.Holmes explains to Mr. Carvallo how he analyzed prints "In my work entitled Upon the Distinction and Classification of Human Finger and Thumb Prints I enumerate five main groups of characteristic details and other sub-classification by which fingerprints may be systematically classified and recorded." This is very similar to how we perform fingerprinting today by classifying them into patterns such as whirl, loop, tent and so on and so forth. The one predominant difference in today 's use of fingerprinting is the rule of twelve. This rule indicates in order for a match to be confirmed you must successfully identify twelve minutiae shared between the sample print and the print you are matching it to.
Sherlock Holmes was one of the firsts to use forensic toxic...


... middle of paper ...


...person involved in the crime.
In this story Sherlock Holmes also makes a reference to modern forensics by determining that the misses had attempted to commit suicide rather than attempted murder due to powder residue on the misses head.
These three examples are just a few of the ways the genius mind of Sir Arthur conan Doyle, the man behind Sherlock Holmes influenced forensic science and set of rocketing into the modern day use and techniques of criminalistics.








Works Cited
Doyle, Arthur Conan, and Philip Weller. The Adventure of the Dancing Men. Place of Publication Not Identified: Sherlock Publications, 1995. Print.
How Sherlock Changed the World. Prod. LOve Productions. National Geographic UK., 2016. Netflix. Web. 3 Nov. 2016.
Saferstein, Richard. Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001. Print.




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