Jeanne Humphrey Block, author of Conceptions of Sex Role- Some Cross Cultural and Longitudinal Perspectives, uses the term “sex role” to describe the set of characteristics that define and differentiate men and women. This role is a “synthesis of biological and cultural forces as they are mediated by cognitive and ego functions.” (Block, p2) Perception of one’s sex role plays an important part in how an individual behaves and sees him/herself. Block uses Loevenger’s Milestones of Ego Development to identify the stage at which gender identity occurs. She suggests that sex role development begins with the Conformity stage, where the child first begins to be concerned with external social cues and rules. Periods following the conformity stage, Conscientious, Autonomous and Integrated, are influenced by the child’s initial exposure to gender characteristics and differences.
Analysis of parenting styles indicates several differences in how boys and girls are typically raised. For example, parents put more pressure on school-aged boys to achieve and expect less from girls. Girls are expected to be nurturing while boys are directed towards self-reliance. (Block, p7) Reasons for these differences can be traced back to primitive society where men were hunters...
... middle of paper ...
...s of stereotyping on the basis of race, religion, age and gender. Why should sex-role stereotyping remain? Clearly, not everyone in our society develops according to their gender schema. With so many variations of “maleness” and “femaleness”, I, like Bem, question the validity of gender schema. Such schemas appear meaningless in modern culture and are essentially self-perpetuating fables.
Males and Females -- Do psychologists and certain personality theories hold stereotypic views of men and women? Do non-trivial differences in personality exist between men and women? If so, how do these differences develop?
Block, J.H. (1976) Conceptions of sex role: Some cross-cultural and longitudinal perspectives. American Psychologist, 28, 512-526.
Bem, S.L. (1981) Gender schema theory: A cognitive account of sex- typing. Psychological Review, 88, 354-364
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In any culture, ideas of masculinity and femininity influence societal expectations. While these expectations are not inescapable, the new generation takes its cues from older generations, and thus, any change in them is slow. Few would argue that some differences do exist between men and women. However, are these differences significant enough to perpetuate male and female stereotypes. More importantly, do such stereotypes serve any benefit to an individual or culture. Jeanne Humphrey Block, author of Conceptions of Sex Role- Some Cross Cultural and Longitudinal Perspectives, uses the term “sex role” to describe the set of characteristics that define and differentiate men and women.... [tags: Gender Studies, argumentative, persuasive]
837 words (2.4 pages)
- I am interested in looking at attitudes men and women possess about marital rape and how sex role stereotypes influence these outlooks. To gather more in depth information about this topic, I will be studying the sex-role socialization theory. This theory suggests gender-role behaviors that guide sexual interactions are consequences of a development process. Men are taught to be dominant, powerful, and sexually aggressive. On the other hand, women are taught to be passive, submissive, and sexual-gatekeepers.... [tags: Gender, Gender role, Fraternities and sororities]
1137 words (3.2 pages)
- “Our country the United States is a large melting pot of many different cultures. Running into people from a different culture is a daily experience in some areas of this country” (Keen, 2011). Even though these experiences offer us a chance to embrace and recognize diversity, this is not always the case. There are many people who view these experiences as negative and this is solely based on nothing more than preconceived stereotypes. Stereotyping is simplified to the point of distortion, usually derogatory attitudes people hold toward those outside of their own experiences who are different from them.... [tags: Gender, Stereotype, Sex, Male]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- Stereotyping is an adaptive mechanism, adopted by human beings, to assist in the cognitive process of impression formation. Within the social arena, we are subjected to unfamiliar people and places on a regular basis. First impressions are often formed hastily on the basis of very limited information, and assisted by the practice of stereotyping. More specifically, stereotypes can be defined as the cognitive schemas that relate to a particular social group. These cognitive schemas are mental structures that contain knowledge about a particular type of stimulus: attributes, relations, and so on (book).... [tags: Gender, Male, Female, Sex]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- I chose to do a sermon around the theme of Family Values and Sexuality and realized this was too broad an area, I needed to narrow down the overall topic choice. My original premise was to tie in family values and biblical teachings when a member of a family identifies as homosexual. I also took into consideration the next topic I planned to preach on-Violence, either violence against women or violence based on a person’s perceived sexuality. I saw overlap between the two topics so I put the idea aside for a day to re-think a plan of action.... [tags: homosexuality within religious beliefs, bullying]
1582 words (4.5 pages)
- The question of gender discrimination and stereotyping still remains the actual one in the 21 century. The concept of “gender” as “social basis” assumes studying of the gender stereotypes ordering one line of role behavior in a family and society for men, and others for women. Certainly, gender stereotypes really exist, and they are various in the different countries and during different historical eras. Despite the extensive data of researches, discrimination is widely used in the sphere of mass media, which uses gender stereotypes to attract attention from the necessary auditory or satisfy their own purposes.... [tags: Gender, Discrimination, Gender role, Advertising]
2001 words (5.7 pages)
- Why is it that people stereotype males and females no matter what nationality they are. Because we are all the same in the end but the media makes many people think differently. The general public thinks that all females like doing their hair, makeup, dolls and love light colors like color pink. Males on the other hand likes cars, playing video games, sports and like dark colors like blue. Advertisements are gender stereotyping whether people notice or care. Females are mostly openly stereotyped compared to the males because of our lack of abilities that males have.... [tags: Gender, Gender role, Woman, Stereotype]
1107 words (3.2 pages)
- Sex role stereotyping and gender bias permeate everyday life. Children learn about sex roles very early in their lives, probably before they are 18 months old, certainly long before they enter school.(Howe, 1). The behaviors that form these sex roles often go unnoticed but their effect is immeasurable. Simple behaviors like: the color coding of infants (blue & pink), the toys children are given, the adjectives used to describe infants (boys: handsome, big, strong; girls: sweet, pretty, precious), and the way we speak to and hold them are but a few of the ways the sex roles are introduced.... [tags: Stereotyping Bias Gender Roles Stereotypes Essays]
2170 words (6.2 pages)
- Stereotypical behavior is not a new trend, but rather an ongoing lifestyle for today’s society. Gender stereotyping, a sub-category of stereotypes, opens many revelations, developments, and behaviors. While there are psychologists that differ in opinion, education and employment seems to be the primary sources where it is believed that most people both obtains and acts out their stereotypical behavior (Sax & Harper 671). The origins of gender differences are particularly hard to trace, but arguments that the differences are a result of socialization is widely studied in psychology.... [tags: Gender Studies]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Gender Stereotyping Sex typing that may accompany conversational style is debilitating. Everywhere you look in today’s society this is a constant occurrence. People perceive the way you look, dress, act in public and make prejudiced views on whether you are educated, hold a good job, are wealthy or rich, and how successful you are in life. I think that this is almost a social norm wherever we go. We all do this and maybe we don’t know we are doing this sub consciously, but we seem to make opinions about other people rather quickly without sufficient knowledge.... [tags: Papers]
497 words (1.4 pages)