Essay Sex in the Chinese Cultural Revolution

Essay Sex in the Chinese Cultural Revolution

Length: 1858 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

A. Plan of Investigation
The purpose of this study is to answer the question: To what extent did Chinese leaders display their power through the controlling of sex in the Chinese Cultural Revolution? This can give historians a better understanding of the extent to which the Chinese leaders controlled every aspect of the Chinese people's life. This is a fairly new subject because, as I will discuss later in the project, sex was silenced in the Cultural Revolution.

| B. Summary of Evidence
The Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) was a time of great social change for the nation of China. In the words of Premier Zhou Enlai, the Revolution “defeated the arrogance of the reactionary bourgeoisie and...broke old ideas, customs and habits of the exploiting classes, fostered new ideas, culture, customs and habits of the proletariat, and vigorously promoted the revolutionization of people’s minds.”
The state controlled sex through the different treatments of the people in rural settings and those in urban settings: loose in the former and strict in the latter. The urban areas were filled with the bourgeoisie and the rural with the “sent-down youth,” teenagers who were “sent to labor in the fields to reform their thinking.” “Life in the countryside was punctuated by flirtation and sex.” Sex was an abomination in the urban settings because it was seen as “being equated with being cheap, and bourgeois, with promiscuity; [violators] are unrevolutionary, not worthy of brave hearts that should be beating with thoughts of building a new socialist nation.” Chinese people were called to “maintain the honor and reputation of the country” by “remain[ing] pure.” Sex was no longer a personal business; it was a matter of conc...

... middle of paper ...

...a: Alive in the Bitter Sea. New York: Times Books, 1982.

Chesneaux, Jean. China: The People’s Republic, 1946-1976. Translated by Paul Auster and Lydia Davis. New York: Pantheon, 1979.

Diamant, Neil Jeffrey. Revolutionizing the Family: Politics, Love, and Divorce in Urban and Rural China, 1946-1968. London, England: University of California Press, Ltd., 2000.

Honig, Emily. “Socialist Sex: The Cultural Revolution Revisited.” Modern China 29, no. 2 (April 2003): 143-175. (accessed April 3, 2008).

Pan, Lynn. The New Chinese Revolution. Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books, 1988.

Zhou, Enlai. Speeh, September 30, 1966. Premier Zhou Enlai’s Speech at the National Day Reception. (accessed January 28, 2010).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cultural Revolution : The Chinese History Essay

- Cultural Revolution In the Chinese history there is an important date that many remember. That is the Cultural Revolution that started in 1966 (Chan 103). This Cultural Revolution wasn’t a war by any means, but a competition between the different factions of the communist party for power. The Cultural Revolution was also a very important event in the history of the Chen Village. We saw through the different chapters of Chen Village just how it affected the different people that were living there during the eleven year span that it lasted (Chan 103)....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

Term Papers
1471 words (4.2 pages)

Changing Attitudes Towards Premarital Sex Essay

- Analysis of the Shift in Sexual Norms in Contemporary China Traditional Chinese society adhered to very strict moral and social norms, influenced by Confucian and Taoist philosophies stressing procreation and social order. Marriage was highly utilitarian, existing only to have children and to extend the family group. Arranged marriages were common, a high premium was attached to premarital virginity, and men could be polygynous as well as have concubines. Until the end of the Mao era, these strict norms lived on, with sex for anything other than procreation regarded as immoral (Zheng et al., 2011)....   [tags: Human sexuality, Sexual intercourse]

Term Papers
2280 words (6.5 pages)

Compare and Contrast: The Difference Between the United States and China in Terms of Living and Working

- According to Chinese bureau of statistics, some 70% of student who come to the United States from 1978 to 2010 stayed in The United States. The hard choice of whether stay in The United States or come back to China makes more and more Chinese people concentrate on a basic question: what is the difference between The United States and China. Although both The United States and China are world’s major economies, in terms of living and working, The United States has advantages over China in relationship between people, work relationship, and getting information....   [tags: Culture, Chinese ]

Term Papers
1026 words (2.9 pages)

Chinese Cultural Revolution : A Movement That Took Place Essay

- “Red Guards,” composed of the most active, the bravest and the firmest of the revolutionary students, packed the reviewing stands on both flanks of the Tienanmen gate and were scattered all about the square. Many of them were clad in khaki, with belts around the waist and red arm bands. These revolutionary students said that they were "Red Guards" for the defense of the Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao and Mao Zedong’s thought.[ Xinhua News Agency Release, August 19, 1966.] Introduction Chinese Cultural Revolution was a movement that took place from 1966 to 1976....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

Term Papers
1545 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about The Impact of the Chinese Revolution

- The impact (or lack thereof) of the Chinese Revolution of 1911 is seen throughout Lu Xun’s stories. In particular the works “Diary of a Madman”, “A New Year’s Sacrifice” and “The True Story of Ah Q” provided evidence of changes (or lack thereof) the revolution brought to China. Focus in particular was paid to the topics of filial piety, female chasteness and Chinese conservatism, respectively in each story. “Diary of a Madman” was a condemnation of the overbearing authoritarian nature of the Confucian virtue of filial piety, a respect for one’s parents and ancestors that often includes cannibalism, one of the four virtues found in the Sìzì....   [tags: chinese revolution, lu xun, china]

Term Papers
1014 words (2.9 pages)

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Essay

- Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution also known as the Cultural revolution in China is a social / political movement, that wanted to force their brand of communism on China. It was a political and social movement that was lead by Mao Zedong. In Which Mao wanted to bring back Maoist Ideology and Maoist thinking into the people of China. Mao wanted to make Maoist a dominate force and a dominate ideology in the communist party of China. The Cultural Revolution in China is a result of the great leap forward that brought Mao Zedong back into power....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution]

Term Papers
1080 words (3.1 pages)

China's Catastrophic Cultural Revolution Essay

- Impeccably true to its definition, the Chinese characters for “revolution” literally mean “elimination of life”, proved by China’s catastrophic cultural revolution. Communist leader Mao Zedong sought to eliminate the past and push for a resurrection only to land China miserably behind. By wiping away years of scientific and literary advancements, China renounced its grandiose history and way of life. In 1966, Communist leader Mao Zedong initiated the Cultural Revolution in China intended to reaffirm his domination over the Chinese government, drastically affecting the lives of nearly everyone in China....   [tags: Chinese Revolution, Chinese History, Mao Zedong]

Term Papers
888 words (2.5 pages)

The Chinese Cultural Revolution Essay

- The Chinese Cultural Revolution The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, beginning as a campaign targeted at removing Chairman Mao Zedong's political opponents, was a time when practically every aspect of Chinese society was in pandemonium. From 1966 through 1969, Mao encouraged revolutionary committees, including the red guards, to take power from the Chinese Communist party authorities of the state. The Red Guards, the majority being young adults, rose up against their teachers, parents, and neighbors....   [tags: China History Chinese Red Guards Essays]

Term Papers
1696 words (4.8 pages)

The Cultural Revolution And Its Impact On China Essay

- The Cultural Revolution was a revolution that had happened between 1966 and 1976 and had a great impact on China. The Cultural Revolution used to be known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution but was changed after many years. The main goal of this Revolution was to preserve true communist mainly in China by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society. It was also used to re-impose Maoist which was thought as the dominant ideology within the Party. The Cultural Revolution was basically a sociopolitical movement....   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong]

Term Papers
1233 words (3.5 pages)

China's Cultural Revolution Essay

- Temples, restaurants, and all signs of old values were ransacked by the Red Guard youths. The Cultural revolution put middle school and high school students in charge of the nation and like a version of Lord of the Flies the nation fell into anarchy and paralysis The Cultural Revolution also lead to changes within the structure of the communist party. Before the Cultural Revolution Liu Shaoqi was Mao Zedong's designated successor, but during the early stages of the Cultural Revolution Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping and many others who Mao deemed as being rightists were removed from the party....   [tags: Cultural Revolution Essays]

Free Essays
3500 words (10 pages)