Your search returned over 400 essays for "pure reason"
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Kant and Causal Law in Pure Reason

- Kant, and Causal Law Introduction In the critique of pure reason, Kant states, “All alternations occur in accordance with the law of the connection of cause and effect.”1 This statement is interpreted in two different ways: weak readings and strong readings. Weaker readings basically suggest that Kant's statement only refers to “All events have a cause”; however, the strong readings suggest that “the Second Analogy is committed not just to causes, but to causal laws as well.”2 To understand the difference between the readings, it is helpful to notice Kant's distinction between empirical laws of nature and universal transcendental principles....   [tags: Philosophy, Hume]

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Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason

- The Transcendental Deductions of the pure concept of the understanding in Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in its most general sense, explains how concepts relate a priori to objects in virtue of the fact that the power of knowing an object through representations is known as understanding. According to Kant, the foundation of all knowledge is the self, our own consciousness because without the self, experience is not possible. The purpose of this essay is to lay out Kant’s deduction of the pure concept of understanding and show how our concepts are not just empirical, but concepts a priori....   [tags: transcendental deductions, aesthetics]

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An Analysis of Solipsism in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason

- An Analysis of Solipsism in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason My goal is to examine solipsism and discover how Immanuel Kant's Transcendental Idealism could be subject to a charge of being solipsistic. Following this, I will briefly review the destructive impact this charge would have on certain of Kant’s positions. After the case for solipsism is made, I intend to describe a possible line of rebuttal from Kant’s perspective that could be made to the charge. The issue of solipsism is intriguing in that it seems to be universally rejected as a basis of metaphysics....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Some Esential Points in Reading The Critique of Pure Reason

- Some Esential Points in Reading The Critique of Pure Reason ABSTRACT: (1) Things are not to be found in the Critique (real things also called physical objects-an epoché 'avant la lettre' as in Husserl). The things as appearances are only Vorstellungen (representatio, B376). Confusion arrives because Kant calls these objects with the same names employed in the language of common sense for designating the things. (2) Due to the absence of these things, nothing is said concerning the relation between things and empirical objects (things as appearances, Erscheinungen)....   [tags: Modern Philosophy Research Papers]

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Pure Monopoly in a Competitive World

- In the business world, the perfectly competitive firm is considered the price taker, whereas the monopolistic firm is the price maker, meaning they have control over the price. Pure monopoly does exist in today’s business world; we all have had the opportunity to have personal dealings with such companies. This assignment will discuss the various degrees of “monopolies” and attempt to provide accurate examples, allowing me to share my understanding of the competitive business market. In a competitive business world, pure monopoly exists when a single firm is the exclusive producer of a product or service for which no close substitutes exist....   [tags: Business]

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Faith and Reason

- Richard Dawkins, an evolutionary biologist and the University of Oxford’s Professor for Public Understanding of Science once said, “Faith is the great cop-out, the great excuse to evade the need to think and evaluate evidence. Faith is belief in spite of, even perhaps because of, the lack of evidence.” Professor Dawkins is an avid evangelist of reason and logic, and condemns any faith-based worldviews, seeing faith and reason as complete opposites. The conflict between the two is and everlasting debate, pondered by many great philosophers since the time of Aristotle and Plato....   [tags: c. s. lewis, religion, science]

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Pure Evil: Humanly Impossible

- Pure Evil: Humanly Impossible In confidently stating that no human being, under any circumstances, would choose evil over goodness, Socrates believed that we are our souls. If a person is identified by their soul, then all actions he or she willingly performs are done so after carefully examining ones soul. Unless you look into your psyche, where lies the conscious self, you are not reflectively thinking. Socrates believed such a thing since he felt it was against human nature to desire what is ultimately harmful or evil for the soul....   [tags: Papers]

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Reason as a Way of Knowing and Thinking

- Reason as a way of knowing denotes constructing meaning by modifying and justifying ideas and beliefs based on new or existing information. The term logic, meaning deriving from the use of valid information, is used synonymously with reason, and is recognized as a branch of reasoning. Reason is a way of thinking and the word logic describes the way reasoning follows certain rules and standards. When making a claim to knowledge, coherent reason and consistency are expected to support and provide stability to an argument....   [tags: beliefs, logic, information]

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The Role of Reason in Human Behavior

- Freud and Thomas Hobbes disagree with Plato and Aristotle regarding the role of reason in human behavior, and all four of these disagree with Jean-Paul Sartre on the same question. Describe. Freud, Hobbes, Aristotle, Plato, and Sartre was all well-known philosophers which each one had their own theory on human behavior. The two philosophers Freud and Thomas Hobbes disagreed with Plato and Aristotle concerning their explanations about the behavior of humans. Freud theory is human behavior was out right egotistical and belligerent but on the other hand Hobbes theory point out that humans is merely like a natural device which is motivated by self desires....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Is the Ghost in Hamlet Pure Evil?

- ... This is perhaps because he thought they were the ones who ordered his death when in fact they were just following Claudius’ instructions. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern were Hamlet’s friends which show that he was perhaps paranoid in his madness. They were there to help yet his rash character after seeing the Ghost has yet again ended people’s lives. It is important to consider that in the Elizabethan era madness was defined differently than what the twenty-first century audiences believe. During the seventeenth madness could be defined as the inability to control oneself; whereas, today madness is described as “the state of having a serious mental illness.” With this definition the audie...   [tags: Shakespeare plays, character analysis]

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Comedy in "Pure Luck"

- A world without comedy would be similar to a butter knife, it's dull, useless, and achieves very little. The world would be filled with impolite and obnoxious people. Comedy helps keep the flow of the world going. It allows people to laugh at one another and shrug off rude comments at the same time. It also creates a casual environment. Comedy is everywhere and it helps the world be a little less boring. Comedy can be found on televisions, the internet, and books, only to name a few. Comedy creates the illusion that things will get better; however, comedy gets better by making the situation worse....   [tags: Film Review]

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Age of reason

- The Age of Reason was a period in time during the 18th century in Europe and America when man become enlightened by reason, science, and humanity. The people involved with the Age of Reason were convinced that human reason could discover the natural laws of the universe, the natural rights of mankind, and the progress in knowledge. Each philosopher had his own ideas and theories about the world, nature, and human beings in general, and every philosopher wrote many essays and books about their own personal ideas and opinions (Sartre4)....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Progessives and The Pure Food and Drug Act

- ... There were many things that pushed this law into action. As mentioned beforehand, Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle”, when officially published, gave the public people and interesting point of view of how their food is being processed. This novel published along with other articles during this time period between 1905-1906, were called “muckraking” articles. These articles shifted the popular opinion in favor of a law being made to protect the regulation of food and prescription drug production....   [tags: change in American politics and legislation]

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Supernovae: A Cataclysmic Effect of Pure Irony

- supernova's what are they and where are they, what are these giant enigma's that scatter the universe. Supernova's come in all shapes and sizes, yet all of them are so bright that they can be seen from every point in the universe. A supernova is an extremely violent event but it is also the reason for everything we see around us. Every molecule in our universe was born from supernovae. They outshine entire galaxy's and can release trillions of times the amount of energy in our sun. They are so violent that if one went off a few hundred light years away from us it would wipe out our entire galaxy, the wave of radiation would vaporize and scorch our atmosphere....   [tags: killers, steels, hemoglobin, hydrogen]

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Analysis of Kant´s the Critique of Practical Reason

- Each epoch gives a birth to its' own heroes. Beginning from the times of the glory of ancient Greece and Roman Empire with Aristotle, Heracles and Aleksander the Great, passing the Dark Ages, when Saint Thomas and Roger Bacon created the eternity and concluding with the creators of modern times – Eddisson and Enshtein, the humankind created idealistic images of their best representatives. Formally, Kant was the ideological opposer of Newton, the rational genius, who made the knowledge and the mind to exist on the level of the God....   [tags: stars, planets, position, morality]

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Reason and Spirit in Rabindranath Tagore's The Post Office

- Reason is an integral part of human intelligence while a lively spirit is a core ingredient of human soul. Some people are dominated by reason while others let both reason and spirit direct them in the course of life. As far as the rest of the people are concerned, their spirit is the dominant factor directing them and taking them forward. The guiding force in a person’s life also makes a statement about the nature and characteristics of that person. In Rabindranath Tagore’s text The Post Office, how text operates beyond a literal level is clear from the text’s depiction of the detail that what opens the doors of reason that hold people in is the undying and free spirit and imagination of a...   [tags: Literary Analysis, Enjoying Life]

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Freedom and Reason In Kant

- Freedom and Reason in Kant Morality, Kant says, cannot be regarded as a set of rules which prescribe the means necessary to the achievement of a given end; its rules must be obeyed without consideration of the consequences that will follow from doing so or not. A principle that presupposes a desired object as the determinant of the will cannot give rise to a moral law; that is, the morality of an act of will cannot be determined by the matter or content of the will for when the will is materially determined the question of its morality does not arise....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Pure Command Economic Systems

- In a pure command economic system, an individual person has little or possibly no influence over how the basic economic questions are answered. Nowadays, the only areas that still have a pure command economy are North Korea, Vietnam, and parts of China. Should these countries keep a pure command economic system. Or should the pure command economic system be taken away from these countries. The pure command economic must be taken away for three following reasons: It has no competition, no development, and no valued goods and services....   [tags: Economics]

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Tess Of The D’Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy - Is Tess a Pure Woman?

- Thomas Hardy’s Tess Of The D’Urbervilles (A Pure Women) - Do You Agree with Hardy’s Subtitle, A Pure Women. ‘Tess Of The D’Urberville’ was written by Thomas Hardy in 1891. Tess is the main character who gets exploited by the character, Alec. The question is whether Tess is pure or not. The subject of purity caused a lot of controversy in the Victorian times. The dictionary definition of the word purity is that if someone is pure they are innocent, fresh, virtues, chaste and very trustworthy. Thomas Hardy English poet and novelist, famous for his dispictions of the imaginary county “Wessex”....   [tags: Tess Of The D’Urbervilles]

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Pure Luck

- Pure Luck During a warm and lucid evening in September my life would change forever. Something like this does not just happen to anyone; fate decides who deserves such a wake up call. That seemed to be the last night I expected a scene so horrifying to happen because the vibe of the whole evening was uplifting. Everything seemed perfect since everyone happened to be in that happy-go-lucky mentality. We did not expect the events that were to follow later that evening. I heard the restlessness in his voice....   [tags: English Literature Essays]

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The Pure Voice in Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles

- The Pure Voice in Tess of the D'Urbervilles        Thomas Hardy often alludes to his heroine as the "soft and silent Tess."  "Soft" certainly insinuates her beauty, which Harrtainly insinuates her beauty, which Hardy stresses as her downfall.  However, it seems that Tess's silence is the all-pervading reason for her tragedies.  "The two men she encounters in her life steal her voice: one with violence, the other with his own language"(Jacobus 47).  Tess struggles with the damage that these men cause until redeeming herself through innocence....   [tags: Tess of the d'Urbervilles Essays]

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Jay Gatsby´s Outlook on Life in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby

- ... When Nick, the narrator, goes to meet Daisy and her friend Jordan Baker early in the book, he makes note of the amount of white surrounding Daisy. In describing Daisy and Jordan, Nick says “They were both in white” (Fitzgerald 13) He even makes note of the minute things around Daisy, like the windows in her house, which were “ajar and gleaming white” as well (Fitzgerald 13). Much later, Gatsby himself refers to her as the one who lives "high in a white palace, the king's daughter, the golden girl", meaning that she is surrounded in purity (Fitzgerald 115)....   [tags: pure, free, society, age]

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A Personal Reflection Paper of Teaching & Learning

- People is unique product. Differences in background, education, experience, intention make peoples different. You, me, my friends, your colleagues, everyone have different idea, life style, working style, learning style, and teaching style. The followings are my own reflections of learning and teaching based on my experience, moreover, they can be changed along the life. First Learning Style When I studied in bachelor of engineering, I used to get A from one subject that I only sit in the class and listen to the instructor....   [tags: pure lecture, transcript, grade]

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What Factors Most Determine Success?

- When it comes to the topic of success, most experts, scholars, and researchers will readily agree that the term success can have various meanings and associations, ultimately depending on the individual themselves. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of what determines success. Whereas some are convinced that superiority complex, insecurity, and impulse control determine success, others maintain that success is determined by much more than that. One example would be in the article “ What Drives Success” illustrated by Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld, where they emphasize that “The Triple Package” is essential in determining success....   [tags: determination, culture, pure luck]

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Many Women Marry for the Wrong Reason

- Deep Thoughts #2 -- Many Women Marry For the Wrong Reason “Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing; a confusion of the real with the ideal never goes unpunished,” said Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. An American wealth-research corporation, Prince and Associates, once did a research on a sample group of more than thirty women that if they would marry for money. Surprisingly, about approximately seventy-five percent of the group said “yes”. In fact, many women admit that they would rather marry a billionaire that they barely know than a penniless guy they truly love....   [tags: Marriage, Pride and Prejudice, Love]

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Faith and Reason

- Faith and Reason Faith and reason can be viewed as opposites. Faith is an element of belief, something an individual does not necessarily require a reason for accepting without reason. For example, an individual’s reason for believing in God may not seem too rational when they are trying to explain them. They may not even stand up to criticism. On the other hand, reason is constructed as a formula. Faith is basically something we believe in, like something we learn in church. Reason is something we learn in school, such as a math formula....   [tags: Papers]

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Reason Not Religion

- Reason Not Religion Observations and inferneces from real life perceptions: My entire life I have been a Catholic and have attended Church regularly with my family, always believing in God and the stories and tales of the Bible as pure fact that happened long ago, and of Jesus being the savior, etc. Just this past month I attended a Presbyterian church service with my elderly grandmother in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The church was small to begin with, and only about one-third of the seats were filled....   [tags: essays papers]

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Immanuel Kant's Ethics Of Pure Duty and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarian Ethics Of Justice

- Immanuel Kant's The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are philosophers who addressed the issues of morality in terms of how moral traditions are formed. Immanuel Kant has presented one viewpoint in "The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals" that is founded on his belief that the worth of man is inherent in his ability to reason. John Stuart Mill holds another opinion as presented in the book, "Utilitarianism" that is seemingly in contention with the thoughts of Kant....   [tags: Kant Mill Philosophy Philosophers Essays]

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Les Miserable: A Would Be Classic

- Les Miserable: The Would Be Classic Les Miserable was written over a span of 17 years by a Frenchmen named Victor Hugo. Les Miserable is set during the French Revolution and shows the reader life through the eyes of an ex-convict [Valjean] just trying to make his wrong doings right. Les Miserable is not a classic because it is unlovely, unjust, only somewhat pure and honest, and has mixed reviews, but on the contrary it is truthful. To start with, one of the reasons Les Miserable is not a classic is because of Hugo’s unlovely way of writing....   [tags: truthful, unlovely, unjust, honest, pure]

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Love is Not the Reason For Life

- Crack. Such is the sound of a breaking heart. Oh how fragile the heart is, and yet how courageous; ever ready to face its destruction. Tears flow as the heart cries out in agony, as inconceivable pain tortures the soul, as sorrow clouds the mind, and as disappointment weakens the body. Only a few are wise enough to save themselves from the futility of love. But it is not because they are less courageous than others, they are only more practical. If they feel they are not ready, they will not hasten to experience this feeling....   [tags: True Love Essays]

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Determining and Differentiating Approaches to Reason

- Hume uses three speakers to present various approaches to reasoning. Cleanthes, Philo, and Demea are the three speakers in Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion that are offered up to readers as distinct and contrasting approaches to the art of reasoning and knowledge. There is Cleanthes that has his "careful philosophical methods" contrasted by "the causal skepticism of Philo" and "with the rigid inflexible orthodoxy of Demea." Demea begins by explaining his personal approach to knowledge through the example of how he raised and educated his own children....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Jewish Philosophers on Reason and Revelation

- Jewish Philosophers on Reason and Revelation Footnotes are Misssing ABSTRACT: Are reason and revelation different sources of truth. Do they contradict or complement each other. The present essay tries to give an answer to these ancient questions from a Jewish pluralistic point of view. I describe the essential views of the most important representatives of the two main schools of Jewish thought: the rationalists Maimonides, Moses Mendelssohn, and Hermann Cohen, and the antirationalists Judah Halevi and Solomon Levi Steinheim....   [tags: Research Essays Term Papers]

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Lack of Reason in Shakespeare's Othello

- Lack of Reason in Shakespeare's Othello William Shakespeare presents the character Othello as an excellent leader in the play, Othello. The hero has strength, charisma, and eloquence. Yet Othello cannot reason. The battlefield and Senate are, at least in Othello, depicted as places of honor, where men speak truly. In addition, the matters of war and state are relatively simple; no one lies to Othello, all seem to respect him. He never even has to fight in the play, with the enemy disappearing by themselves....   [tags: GCSE Coursework Shakespeare Othello]

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Adolf Hitler: Pure Evil

- Adolf Hitler was a man filled with self-indulgent acts and was abominable towards others -- a man who, even to this day has destroyed his reputation. The majority of Hitler actions were filled with artifice. Everything about this man was evil. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, at the Gastof zum Pommer , in Braunau am Inn, in an Austria town near the border of Bavaria, Germany. Hitler’s parents were Alois Hitler and Klara Hitler née Pölzl . Although Adolf was the fourth child born to his family, he was the first child to survive infancy ....   [tags: Adolf Hitler Biography]

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The Chief Belief Amongst Most Christians that God is a Pure Loving Entity

- The Chief Belief Amongst Most Christians that God is a Pure Loving Entity It is the chief belief of most Christians that God/Jesus is a pure good and all loving entity. I have read essays by some people on the Internet who try to contradict this with certain examples in the Bible of God ordering murder or genocide. Christians always seem to have a response to this allegations that satisfies themselves (though not the person they're responding to). However, I have hit upon a concept that I think might clear up the controversy between Christians and those who think God is wicked....   [tags: Papers]

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The Limitations of Reason Exposed in Crime and Punishment

- The Limitations of Reason Exposed in Crime and Punishment   Dostoevsky's  Crime and Punishment illustrates an important idea. The idea is that "reason," that grand and uniquely human power, is limited in reach and scope.  Social critic Friedrich August von Hayek commented once that, ". it may be that the most difficult task for human reason is to comprehend its own limitations. It is essential for the growth of reason that as individuals we should bow to forces and obey principles we cannot hopefully to understand, yet on which the advance and even the preservation of civilization may depend." Such limitations imply that on life's most important questions - pa...   [tags: Crime Punishment Essays]

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Clean Water: Ultra-Pure Water

- Introduction: Clean water is essential for life. However, Egypt has low quality. This could be related to the wrong habits of the Egyptian and to the end up of all sewerage and the industrial waste in the Nile. This makes the polluted water important challenge for Egypt. The present drinking water purification system in Egypt uses surface water as a raw water supply and chlorine gas is added as a disinfectant agent in two steps, pre- and post-chlorination. Due to these reasons, most of water treatment plants suffer from low filtering effectiveness and produce the tri-halomethane (THM) species as a chlorination by-product which has carcinogenic effects....   [tags: tap water, chemicals, industrial waste]

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Serial Killers: Is Pure Evil Born or Made?

- By 1978, roughly thirty women were dead and mutilated by the same man with little explanation as to why. Ted Bundy, one of the most infamous serial killers in history brutally took the lives of numerous women for seemingly no reason at all. His justification for these murders was simply that he felt like committing them. A serial killer is defined as someone who has killed more than three people over a period of a month or more for seemingly no reason at all. Most serial killers have no real motive for killing; for them it is an urge that they must satisfy....   [tags: ted bundy, serial killer, abusive childhood]

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Military Factors as the Reason for British Presente in India

- Military Factors as the Reason for British Presente in India British interest in India could be said to have been military based. Indian troops were significant in many wars, not only the two world wars but they also played important roles in many other wars, such as in China as early as 1860. Indian troops fought in Afghanistan, which emphasised British interest in India as they didn't want to let Russia into the Indian picture. The fact that the British had formal empire in India meant that the army was important to them, as if it was informal the army wouldn't have been controlled but they would have still pulled the string behind the scenes....   [tags: Papers]

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The History of Chemistry

- ... These are just a few of the stuff we use today in chemistry. So what was society like without all this stuff we have today. Well we could say they weren’t as affective of some of the stuff we have today. For intense they had some of the stuff we have to day but ours is just more advanced now. The more advanced we are the more we will be better off in society with the stuff we have in the future. Natural resources help with chemistry in many ways like materials in chemistry will construct many of the required solutions to some of the most important energy and environmental problems in today's society (Royal Society of Chemistry 2013)....   [tags: pure sciences, alchemy]

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Reason Why Teens Use Drugs

- The reasons why teenagers use drugs. Drug use is the increasing problem among teenagers in today's High schools. Ever since the drug war of 1900, drugs have been a major problem in todays society. Use of drugs such as opium, morphine, and their derivatives were quite commonplace in nineteenth century America. While most students of contemporary high school drug education programs know about the use of coca leaves in early Coca-Cola and the opium trade with China, the matter of drug addiction at the turn of the century is much more extensive than usually acknowledged....   [tags: Drugs, Social Issues, Legal Issues]

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The Jungle by Upton Sinclair: Fame for the Wrong Reason

- In the early 1900’s America begin to transform rapidly. Many immigrants started moving to the United States in the early 1900’s with the hopes of living the “American Dream.” However, that glittering and gleaming American lifestyle is merely a distant ideal for the immigrants living in Packingtown, the meatpacking district of Chicago. Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle portrays life through the eyes of a poor workingman struggling to survive in this cruel, tumultuous environment, where the desire for profit among the capitalist meatpacking bosses and the criminals makes the lives of the working class a nearly unendurable struggle for survival....   [tags: meatpacker, meatpacking industry]

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Jonathan Swift's Influence on the Age of Reason

- Jonathan Swift, author of Gulliver’s Travels, opened the door for satire. He was one of the most well known satirist of The Age of Reason, which gained him much respect as a writer. Swift’s works and lifestyle reflect the Humanities of The Age of Reason, thus giving the reader a glimpse of the common man’s life during this time. In order to understand the life of Jonathan Swift, one must explore his works and The Age of Reason. The Age of Reason was a new beginning for many man kind during the eighteenth century, therefore opening the door for people to pursue happiness and liberty....   [tags: Age of Reason, Jonathan Swift, satire, ]

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What is Pure Beauty?

- Everyone has their own idea of what pure beauty is. According to Webster's Dictionary, the definition of beauty is “the quality or aggregate of qualities in a person or thing that gives pleasure to the senses or pleasurably exalts the mind or spirit” (“Beauty”). However, the definition of pure beauty has become warped and manipulated into a standard that only a select few can achieve. Nonetheless, beauty is more than what is behind the counter and computer. With these high criteria society sets, many women have false ideals of what is truly beautiful because of the increased use of Photoshop programs, the willingness to put themselves at risk under a surgeon's scalpel, and many a...   [tags: society, high criteria, warped defenition]

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Cutie as a Metaphor of the Mind in Asimov's Reason

- Cutie as a Metaphor of the Mind in Asimov's Reason Using one's reason to the highest ability is considered to be a virtue in our society. Reason and logic have a lucid quality that is reassuring to human interaction. Ultimately, humanity prizes itself for its ability to logically explain our observations by using reason. Another facet of the human mind is to be inquisitive, to constantly ask questions about our surroundings. Both these facets are shown by the main character, "Cutie," in Asimov's "Reason." This thought-provoking story uses Cutie, a robot, as a metaphor of the human mind, and on a larger scale, humanity itself....   [tags: Asimov Reason]

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Thomas Paine: Faith and Reason

- The issue of Faith versus Reason and the relationship between them has been discussed throughout civilization. A prime figure in this discussion during the recent past, the mid 18’th to the early 19’th centuries, was Thomas Paine. Paine’s writings during both the United States and French revolutions helped to spearhead the respective countries into revolution and eventually freedom. As such, Paine is certainly seen as an influential figure during this time period for practical reasons. But Paine is equally important because of the way in which he influenced entire countries and helped to bring about change....   [tags: Faith vs Reason]

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The Pure Evil of the Final Solution

- ... Before any county had declared war on Germany they had successfully overtaken Czeckoslovakia, Albania, Western Poland, and Hitlers place of birth Austria. Before The Nazi's had overpowered any more counties WWII had began. First to declare was Britian, followed by France, Australia, and New Zeland. War had began on the continant of Europe. Although war was declared souly on Germany, their allies who signed the Tripartided act had a counter attack by Italy and Japan declaring right back. Even though war had been declared, Germany was still overthrowing countries....   [tags: hitler, prison, frank, van daans]

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The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

- In 1906, the Pure Food and Drug Act, that was years in the making was finally passed under President Roosevelt. This law reflected a sea change in medicine-- an unprecedented wave of regulations. No longer could drug companies have a secret formula and hide potentially toxic substances such as heroin under their patent. The law required drug companies to specify the ingredients of medications on the label. It also regulated the purity and dosage of substances. Not by mere coincidence was the law passed only about five years after Bayer, a German based drug company began selling the morphine derivative, heroin....   [tags: roosevelt, medicine, toxic substances]

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The Age of Reason

- ... For example, the cotton gin machine allowed for a greater output of cotton than ever done manually. The idea of the assembly line allowed for greater productivity which allowed for a faster production of weapons. These weapons took less time and less people to build due to the assembly line. These technologically advanced weapons were much more powerful they were before. New technology allowed for better and faster communication between people and did not have to rely on slow communication. Steam engine boats were built and they along with other innovations gave these industrialized nations the upper hand....   [tags: european history, enlightment period]

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Reason for the Weak

- The concept of blind faith is often difficult for rational people to comprehend. Rational people believe that every aspect of life must be able to be explained with logic. However, rationalism and faith often come in conflict with each other, creating an exceptional strife in the minds of those unable to accept that which cannot be viewed. In such divergence, the concept of nihilism is often planted into the mind of those who are incapable of acknowledging human nature and the spiritual and natural laws of life....   [tags: Informative, Blind Faith, God]

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Faith and Reason

- While some people may believe that science and religion differ drastically, science and religion both require reason and faith respectively. Religion uses reason as a way of learning and growing in one’s faith. Science, on the other hand, uses reason to provide facts and explain different hypotheses. Both, though, use reason for evidence as a way of gaining more knowledge about the subject. Although science tends to favor more “natural” views of the world, religion and science fundamentally need reason and faith to obtain more knowledge about their various subjects....   [tags: science, religion, evidence, beliefs, logic, God]

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Faith and Reason

- Faith and reason were two modes of belief that dominated the history of Western Civilization. Both faith and reason were popularized as tools to understand the universe in Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian eras. By conflicting with each other, these two modes of belief sparked a lot of controversy. Reason or rationality is belief based on concrete evidence and logic. The development of one’s reason relies heavily on observation and questioning. Greco-Roman philosophers believed in the power of the human mind to understand the world....   [tags: Religion]

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Faith and Reason

- Pope John Paul II once said, “Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth; and God has placed in the human heart a desire to know the truth – in a word, to know himself – so that, by knowing and loving God, men and women may also come to the fullness of truth about themselves.” (Fallible Blogma) Based on this significant and powerful quote, one can infer that faith and reason are directly associated and related. It can also be implied that the combination of faith and reason allows one to seek information and knowledge about truth and God; based on various class discussions and past academic teachings, it is understood that both faith and...   [tags: Philosophy]

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Pure and Foolish Love in Othello

- Pure and Foolish Love in Othello     Othello, the central character of William Shakespeare's play is an excellent leader but a poor reasoner and foolish lover. The tragedy of `Othello' is largely due to Othello's personality and life experience. Othello believes himself to be loved and respected by everyone around him as most people refer to him as the "noble General Othello". Othello, after realizing his tragic mistake of murdering his innocent wife, Desdemona, claims he "loved not wisely, but too well", this is an honest reflection of himself as his love was true and pure but also foolish....   [tags: Othello essays]

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Pure Horror in Heart of Darkness

- Pure Horror in Heart of Darkness       In Heart of Darkness it is the white invaders for instance, who are,         almost without exception, embodiments of blindness, selfishness, and         cruelty; and even in the cognitive domain, where such positive         phrases as "to enlighten," for instance, are conventionally opposed         to negative ones such as "to be in the dark," the traditional       expectations are reversed.  In Kurtz's painting, as we have seen,         "the effect of the torch light on the face was sinister" (Watt 332)....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]

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Age of Reason

- An Age of Reason “Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.” This brief quotation was spoken by the famous writer and philosopher Voltaire; I believe it vaguely points out that some people are full of absurd ideas, and for others to follow such nonsense is foolish. The quote is just a taste of Voltaire’s wisdom and knowledge of the world, during the Age of Reason. The Age of Reason or The Enlightenment is defined as a change in not just a way of thinking, but an establishment of values and rational actions....   [tags: Enlightenment]

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1167 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Pure Competition

- There are many industries. Economist group them into four market models: 1) pure competition which involves a very large number of firms producing a standardized producer. New firms may enter very easily. 2) Pure monopoly is a market structure in which one firm is the sole seller a product or service like a local electric company. Entry of additional firms is blocked so that one firm is the industry. 3)Monopolistic competition is characterized by a relatively large number of sellers producing differentiated product....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Pure Innocence

- PURE INNOCENCE Pure Innocence Michael Fletcher woke with a bang; he had hit his head on the ceiling again. It felt like it was about to explode. He clutched it tightly with his caring, gentle, healing hands and this appeared to numb the pain. The pain weakened and Mike released his head from his hands' clasp. In doing so, the hands turned back into the rough, tired old things he had gone to sleep with. He swung his tired legs over the side of the bunk bed and climbed down the cold, metal ladder....   [tags: Papers]

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3330 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

Was The Enlightenment Really The Age of Reason?

- “Reason does not work instinctively, but requires trial, practice, and instruction in order to gradually progress from one level of insight to another” Immanuel Kant. Kant’s opinion of reason is that it is a force, which is ever-evolving and constantly building on previous insights. The Enlightenment is a historical period referring to the intellectual movement that swept across Europe in the 18th century. To tackle this question, I will be looking at two texts. The essays, ‘An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment’ by Immanuel Kant, an 18th century philosopher, and ‘What is Enlightenment’ by Michel Foucault, a 20th century philosopher....   [tags: Social Studies]

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The Tension Between Faith and Reason

- ... It simply means the reason has not been discovered yet. Ronald de Sousa in his book, The Rationality of Emotion, claims that emotions usually present philosophical problems, yet they are just as much a part of the reasoning process as dry knowledge. De Sousa argues that since emotions always have an object, there is an objective reason for emotions. Emotions are generated by reason. The reason for emotions could be one’s faith, but again that means the “first cause” would still be reason. An appeal to emotion is still an appeal to reason....   [tags: philosophy, chrisitans, reality]

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1647 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

The Principles of Contradiction and Sufficient Reason

- Leibniz writes in Monadology that his Principles of Contradiction and Sufficient Reason are the basis of the theories found within the piece. While it can be said that the principles alone are rudimental, one may find that, in conjunction with the Principle of the Best, the Predicate-in-Notion Principle, the Complete Concept Principle, and the Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles, the group of axioms cement a highly convincing argument. The Principle of Contradiction states that a proposition cannot be true and false at once....   [tags: philosophy, contingent turths, god]

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The Period of Enlightenment or Period of Reason

- The Period of Enlightenment (or plainly the Enlightenment or Period of Reason) was a traditional movement of intellectuals commencing in the late 17th- and 18th-century Europe emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition. Its intention was to reform area employing reason, trial thoughts based in rehearse and faith, and advance vision across the logical method. It promoted logical believe, skepticism, and intellectual interchange. It challenged superstition and intolerance, alongside the Catholic Church as a favorite target....   [tags: complexity, government, powers]

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2333 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

The Fountainhead: The Irrationality of Reason

- Reason is the opportune quintessence of logic. Ayn Rand’s “Fountainhead” explores the assets and disadvantages of employing reason as a weapon of persuasion. The protagonist of the novel, Howard Roark, is reason. He symbolizes, epitomizes, and embodies living logic. Assuming individualism, he achieves complex thought processes, simultaneously exploring the theme of the novel—society’s manipulation of individualism. As reason, Roark is faced with constant opposition—every semblance of his person is shunned, negated, and trampled solely for the presumption of his potential threat....   [tags: Literature]

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The Compatibility of Faith and Reason

- In today’s modern western society, it has become increasingly popular to not identify with any religion, namely Christianity. The outlook that people have today on the existence of God and the role that He plays in our world has changed drastically since the Enlightenment Period. Many look solely to the concept of reason, or the phenomenon that allows human beings to use their senses to draw conclusions about the world around them, to try and understand the environment that they live in. However, there are some that look to faith, or the concept of believing in a higher power as the reason for our existence....   [tags: christianity, God]

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Humans are the Reason for the Endangerment of Tigers

- ... The ban was made to help protect the tigers, but hunters still found a way past it. “No threat is driving tigers more rapidly toward extinction than poaching for consumption and trade,” this is a very accurate statement because tigers are not disappearing on their own. Even though China did place a ban on tiger products, tigers were still hunted and sold around on a black market. Tigers are also constantly in a competition with humans over prey. Due to this, people could say that tigers are taking all of their food sources and that is why they are constantly hunting them (O'Neill)....   [tags: habitat, hunters, money]

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2165 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Reason in Ayn Rand's "The Fountainhead"

- The Fountainhead is the story of an individual, Ayn Rand’s vision of the ideal man. It is the tale of his unabashed refutal of tradition, his struggle against conventionality, and his eventual triumph over the parasites who fear and lust after his greatness. This man, Howard Roark, succeeds because he thinks of his own accord and embraces reason. While others let themselves be controlled by tradition and trends of public opinion, Roark only follows his own logical judgement. That is why—in the midst of a sea of “second-handers,” people who live only in others’ eyes—Roark stands alone and magnificent....   [tags: Character Analysis, Individualism]

Term Papers
1403 words | (4 pages) | Preview

The Meanings of Reason and Emotion

- When studying the meanings of reason and emotion it is often that reason is defined as being synonymous with logic, and emotion with spontaneity. Common associations relate logic with conscious thought and contemplation, and emotion with impulse and reflex. Emotions can undermine reasoning when they “run away with us” (Bastien 66), clouding our judgments and causing us to make bad choices. However, emotion can also enhance reasoning by giving useful guidance whenever the environment fails to provide all the information needed for thoughtful analysis....   [tags: emotions, logic, reasoning]

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1160 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Reason to Oppose the Proposition 19

- Proposition 19 served as a new initiative on the November 2nd, 2010, California ballot, to regulate and tax marijuana. Many reasons exist to contest this proposition. First, at a state and federal level one can not find a sufficient system to prevent the dispersion of cannabis to minors. Second, contemporary drivers already have a multitude of distractions that may impair their driving such as: alcohol and the use of a cell-phone for talking, browsing the internet, or sending a text message. The government does not need to permit marijuana, which by extension, will serve as an additional dangerous influence for motorists....   [tags: Drugs ]

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Faith and Reason: Creacionists and Evolutionists

- Many people believe that Christians have to reject evolution in order to believe in the biblical account of creation in Genesis 1. Scholar and author John Walton, as well as physician, Francis Collins argue that this is not necessarily true. Walton reminds us that we have to read the Bible carefully, as it was not written for us but for the Israelites. Walton also argues that observing natural effects does not mean that we have to remove God from our thoughts. He cannot just reveal all the scientific details that were going to occur because the past generations would not understand....   [tags: religion, christians, bible]

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1241 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Good Life: Reason and Religion

- A good life can be defined with continuous happiness, various accomplishments, and everlasting prosperity. The eternal desire for a good life has influenced philosophers and their reasoning throughout the years. Many have followed ancient religions; while others followed the modern belief of listening to your heart and therefore one’s self. Pascal, Luther, and Augustine are some of the philosophers who followed religion, and believed it to be the ultimate way of achieving a good life. Other preachers like Rousseau and Nietzsche believed in following one’s heart and conscious in order to achieve the desired goal....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Enlightenment Philosophers : Reason and Ration

- The time was 18th century Europe, ideas were flowing and intellectuals were making a name for themselves in academics. Many well-educated and cultured members of the humankind were digging deeper into their brains to make up reason for all that happens on Earth and beyond. The philosophers Denis Diderot, Voltaire, Cesare Beccaria, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke contributed to the Enlightenment by educating people of Western Europe on the ideas of logic and philosophy to help explain the world around them....   [tags: revolutionary ideas]

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1232 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The True Reason to Celebrate Christmas

- ... The word "holiday" actually came from "holy day," which declared certain days like saints' feasts and Christmas to be dedicated to God. Now, Christmas decorations are brought out in stores immediately after Halloween; ads promoting holiday and blow-out sales are found in newspapers and on TV, and shopping for presents begins at least one month before Christmas does. Internet sources such as Wikipedia say that giving and receiving gifts is the core of Christmas. Adrian Rogers, a Christian broadcaster, said that Americans are "...too involved with other things," and we have " room for Jesus."(Rogers, Adrian) Not only has the meaning of Christmas been lost due to all the focus on want...   [tags: purpose, holiday, secular, money, gifts, christ]

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Habit is Stronger than Reason

- “Habit is stronger than reason” I believe that habit is, indeed stronger than reason. However, to completely prove this statement we should first understand what exactly constitutes a habit. Habits can be anything from day to day routine like brushing our teeth or combing our hair to the very knowledge we are taught. It is a tendency to do something routinely or on a regular basis or an automatic reaction to certain situations (I want to rethink my definition). Habits are often hard to give up and habitual urges can often be stronger than reason....   [tags: logic, routine, society]

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548 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Integration of Reason and Emotion

- In Chapter 4 of Lesbian Ethics, Sarah Hoagland argues that desire is a socially and politically constructed perception and that in today’s heterosexual society the current concept of desire forces and perpetuates the split between reason and emotion. Hoagland focuses on sexual desire, however her analysis can be applied to the desires of any person, object, or action. I will give an account of Hoagland’s view on desire, and reason and emotion; I will analyze three things that I desire: my career, developing a family, and making enough money for that family to live comfortably, why I desire them and how my desires are socially constructed; I will finish by determining, based on my analysis of...   [tags: Desire, Socially Constructed, Evidence]

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1483 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Internal Reason and the Emotions

- The greatest human challenge is to try and understand oneself. To understand oneself is to understand why we have feelings, how we interact within ourselves, what is actually occurring in our internal psychological conflicts, and if our thoughts are rational in comparison to our feelings. An internal psychological conflict can come down to just the simple decision between what is right and what is wrong. The ancients describe this as “what I think is best” versus “what I really want and desire to do right now”....   [tags: Aristotle, Stoic Views]

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2152 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Faith, Reason, Belief and Action

- “The three center-points of a Christian theology are beyond doubt the doctrine of a triune God, of God the Word made manifest in the flesh of Christ, and of God the Spirit who expounds the revelation of love in the Church and in her members.”1 While the first of these three, the triune God, begs no question from the church, the latter two seem to transcend the minds of the Catholic clergy. “God the Word” signifies that both belief and faith are pillars of understanding in the Catholic tradition....   [tags: Religion]

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1828 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Everything Happens for a Reason

- “Everything happens for a reason.” This was the last thing that my young philosophical mind told me. I had now lost the ability to think philosophically indefinitely. This incident is something that sounds really dubious, but is absolutely real. This was after my grandfather’s death – first death in my family since my birth, and before my experiences of hearing words that weren’t said, and seeing things that weren’t there. I used to be an obsessively compulsive and hyperactive person before this incident – and now I was calm, emotionless and fearless of death, which was sure to come....   [tags: detachment, sadhguru, mercy]

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1557 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Reason Why Teens Runaway

- In a person’s life, their teen years may be very stressful. In these years they try and find out who they are and who they want to be. Most runaways have been known as throw aways for many years. They might run from family problems all the way to bullying at school. Also, they might run from addictions or just because they think they got it bad. People will never understand or know the full reason of why teens runaway. There are many reasons why teenagers runaway but some are more common than others....   [tags: family problems, sexual abuse, run away]

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1185 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Reason Why Children Misbehave

- ... Secondly, it builds child's confidence. Thirdly, it makes the child responsible of his choices. fourthly, it strengthens the relationship between parents and their child. However, some parents are against discipline their children, because they think it effects their psyche and there is no need for punishment . They will grow up and learn. Moreover, cruelty to children can be a reason of why children misbehave. Cruelty make the child behave wrongly as a reaction , and this cruelty includes two types either beating or insulting , and both types are wrong ways....   [tags: parent, misbehavior, discipline, rearing]

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800 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Reason People are Prescribed Stimulants

- Stimulants are a type of medication prescribed to treat various medical conditions. A stimulant is a drug that excites any bodily function, more specifically those that increase brain and central nervous system activity (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). When stimulant medications are taken, dopamine and norepinephrine levels are increased which helps transmit signals between nerves in the brain which increase brain activity. This medication promotes the brain to be alert, increase motor activity and, wakefulness which why it is prescribed to treat many medical conditions....   [tags: medication, dopamine, norepinephrine]

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1722 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

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