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The Nervous System And Spinal Cord Injuries

- The nervous system is related to many neurological diseases including strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, sleep disorders, and spinal cord injuries. Spinal cord injuries are very common, each year in the United States there are ten thousand new spinal cord injuries alone (Spinal Cord Injury). The spinal cord is a very fragile part of the body, it contains a bundle of nerve fibers that connects the brain to the rest of the body. Since it is so fragile it has to be protected by something hard, like the vertebral column....   [tags: Nervous system, Spinal cord]

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Spinal Cord Injury As A Disconnection Syndrome

- Spinal cord injury is described as a disconnection syndrome in which descending motor fibers from the motor cortex to the spinal motor neurons, and the ascending somato-sensory fibers from the spinal cord to the brain. Spinal cord injuries can disrupt communications between the brain and the body. [3][6] Spinal cord Injury is one of the most catastrophic injuries of the nervous system resulting in permanent neurological deficit. Mainly Spinal cord injury occurs in young and healthy adults as a result of trauma....   [tags: Spinal cord, Muscle, Motor neuron]

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Spinal Cord And Its Effects On The Body

- In the United States, a large number of individuals get to be incapacitated by spinal cord injuries, with obliterating consequences for their personal satisfaction. The treatment of such wounds is a standout amongst the most enthusiastic regions of restorative research today. Specialist in this forte must know spinal rope life systems and capacity to comprehend their patients ' utilitarian shortfalls and prospects for development and to arrange a proper regimen of treatment. The spinal cord is the information transmitter that sends signals the cerebrum with the lower body; it contains the neural courses that disclose why a sore to particular area in the lower body....   [tags: Spinal cord, Muscle, Reflexes, Reflex]

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Lotus Birth Advocates Argue Against Cutting The Umbilical Cord

- A Better Solution Parents are looking more into having a lotus birth and its benefits for the baby even after birth. Lotus Birth is the practice of leaving the umbilical cord uncut, so that the baby remains attached to the placenta until the cord naturally separates at the navel, exactly as a cut cord does 3-10 days after birth. The problem that many don’t realize is that a lot of issues dealing with infections and furthermore the fact that the placenta would not be no longer usable, seeing that the tissue would be dead shortly after birth....   [tags: Childbirth, Blood, Umbilical cord, Thrombus]

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The Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Injury

- INTRODUCTION The spinal cord is a major channel in the body where motor and sensory information travels from the brain to the body. It has white matter that surrounds a central gray matter. The gray matter is where most of the neuronal cells are located. Injury to the spinal cord will affect the conduction of information across any part of the spinal cord where the damage is located (Maynard et al., 1997). This will often result in permanent disability of a certain muscle or region of the body (Meletis et al., 2008) and a loss of tissue where the damage is located (Peng et al., 2009)....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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A Look Into Delayed Cord Clamping

- Let It Pulsate. A Look Into Delayed Cord Clamping William C. Borntrager Virginia College School of Nursing Mary Vogen MSN, RN November 24, 2014 Abstract Cord clamping has long been practiced to occur immediately after birth of a neonate. There is much discussion and evidence based practice that shows improvements to health when we delay the clamping and cutting of the umbilical cord. Delayed clamping allows for more nutrient rich blood to flow to the infant’s body, which is going through shock at birth....   [tags: Childbirth, Obstetrics, Fetus, Blood]

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Sports and Spinal Cord Injuries

- Wherever you heard T.J Ford, you would always hear of his astounding and flashy plays. However, due to severe injuries, it resulted in the superstar’s retirement. Ford was a great player during his tenure in the NCAA and was already breaking records in his freshman year. Some of his accolades include the wooden player of the year at Texas when took his team the Texas Longhorns to the final four. Ford did achieve many accomplishments in the NBA, but not to his full potential has he had expected in college....   [tags: NCAA, t.j ford, retirement]

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A Hole For The Spinal Cord

- out, a “hole for the spinal cord [being] located in the centre of the skull base, showing that this species walked on two legs”, a smaller jaw compared to the previous genus, and finger bones that are “curved and intermediate in shape between the curved finger bones of quadrupedal apes and the straight finger bones of modern humans”, but when it comes to specifics, the individuals in the species tend to vary largely (Dorey, Homo habilis). This species does have a convergent habitat as Homo habilis lived in the grasslands....   [tags: Homo erectus, Homo ergaster, Human, Africa]

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Repairing Spinal Cord Injuries

- Injuries can happen to anyone, anywhere. Injuries affect people’s lives as they limit their choices, temporarily or permanently. Most injuries are not preventable, because most happen unexpectedly. For example, spinal cord injuries can occur if a person falls abruptly on his/her back and shatters their spinal cord. Although injuries cannot be prevented, they can be healed. New technologies are under development to solve major injuries, which do not yet have a cure. One of these major injuries is a spinal cord injury....   [tags: Health]

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Umbilical Cord Blood Banking

- Umbilical cord blood banking has been a new topic for the media and public. Science has shown there are copious benefits and a few drawbacks with the use of cord blood. One of these drawbacks is the cost of cord blood banking. If insurance companies were to be mandated to cover cord blood banking, then more people could reap in the benefits of having cord blood stored. Umbilical cord blood was formerly believed of as a waste product. Now it is known that cord blood has two types of stem cells which offer multiple treatment possibilities (Waller-Wise, 2011)....   [tags: stem cell reproduction industry]

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Preventing Spinal Cord Injury

- ... See Figure 1 for an example of an individual suspended in a universal sling. Although universal slings are the most common, many others have been designed to ambulate patients, to reposition them in bed, or to lift appendages. Furthermore, current nursing practice is to use universal slings and lifts for all transfers and transports involving dependent patients, as taught by practice algorithms in collaboration with the American Nursing Association.14 The impetus behind this research was the observation that patients are frequently left sitting on their slings while in their wheelchairs, for long periods of time, which may interfere with the pressure-reducing properties of the wheelchair...   [tags: handling equipment, pressure ulcers]

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Spinal Cord Injuries

- The key function of the cervical spine is to support the weight of the head which is approximately 10-12 pounds. The spinal cord is the key path for information between the brain and the peripheral nervous system. It transmits signals back and forth between the body and brain. The length of the spinal cord is about 45 cm in men and 43 cm in women. Within this spinal link, there are thirty one pairs of spinal. Each spinal nerve splits into two roots before connecting to the spinal cord. The human body is a weight-bearing exterior and an addition for the disc....   [tags: anatomy, cervical spine]

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Delayed Cord Clamping With Supportive Research

- “The imperative of implementing delayed cord clamping to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes” is an article written by Nicola Holvey, who is a student midwife at the university of West London Wexham Park hospital. The article was published in 2014 by the British Journal of Midwifery. In the article Holvey argues why delayed cord clamping of neonates should be implemented as a standard practice in hospitals. This article is a well written, informative article that outlines the positive effects of delayed cord clamping with supportive research that contributes to Holvey’s argument....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Iron deficiency anemia]

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Spinal Cord Injury

- Historically, each year 11,000 people are added to the existing 230,000 cases of Spinal Cord Injury in the United States. Sad to say that young population ranging from 16-30 years old are affected by the Spinal Cord Injury. Learning the physiology of central nervous system is essential in understanding the function of spinal column. Central Nervous system is made up of spinal cord and the brain. The brain responds and receives sensory input from the spinal cord. The spinal cord is the communication link between the brain and the rest of the body....   [tags: SCI, central nervous system]

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Recovery from Spinal Cord Injuries

- On July 12th 2005, Heather Tice’s life changed forever. Heather was in the passenger seat of a car driving down a steep hill with her seatbelt unbuckled. The next thing she knew she was laying on the ground, covered in blood, unable to feel her own legs. Heather would later find out that she had received an injury to the C7 section of her spinal cord, which is located in the neck. Heather’s injury was incomplete, so despite the height of the injury she retains the use of her upper body (Car accident causes)....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Spinal Cord Injuries that Cause Paraplegia

- According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), “There are an estimated 12,000 spinal cord injuries every year in the United States alone.” This is a condition that is affecting many people world- wide. The NINDS goes on to state that, “more than a quarter of a million Americans are currently living with spinal cord injuries.” What is even more astounding is how much money is spent each year because of SCIs. “The cost of managing the care of spinal cord injury patients is $3 billion each year....   [tags: Physical Therapy, Special Considerations]

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The Spinal Cord Injury Alberta Organization

- How does the CASW value and principles relate to my practicum experience over the past two weeks. The value and principles of my practicum organization are very similar to CASW. The Spinal cord injury Alberta organization is achieving a great work in terms of pursuits of social justice of a person with a disability. I have witnessed that their organization is contributing great effort to improve equal economic, political and social rights and opportunities of people with disability. In addition, SCI Alberta aims to open the doors of access and opportunity for everyone, particularly those in greatest need....   [tags: Disability, Wheelchair, Calgary]

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Stem Cells, Umbilical Cord Blood Banking and Transplantation

- Nowadays, there are many alternatives or any other methods to improve the healthcare especially in a transplantation world. There are few choices available for the people today such as the embryonic stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, peripheral blood cell and the most new is the umbilical cord blood. The umbilical cord blood (UCB) defined by Chima and Mamdoo (2011, p. 79) as the blood which taken from the cut umbilical cord attached to the placenta of a newborn baby after a delivery. It been stated (Chima and Mamdoo 2011, p....   [tags: Stem Cell Research paper]

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The Ultimate Life Insurace Policy--Cord Blood

- Over the last several decades, the field of medical technology and research has become increasingly advanced. Just read up on any of the most recent innovations; what may have once been considered science fiction is rapidly becoming reality. Some of the most publicized scientific discoveries are related to stem cells, as the controversial research and use of certain types of these cells is continuously being debated among politicians, scientists, and religious leaders. However, it is believed that a specific type of stem cell, an umbilical cord blood stem cell, may be used to treat a number of diseases, disorders, or injuries devoid of ethical controversy....   [tags: Medical Research]

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How Is Life Different After A Spinal Cord Injury?

- How is life different after a Spinal Cord Injury. I work at Barow’s Neurological Institute (brain and spine). The majority of our patients have suffered a spinal cord injury, stroke, brain tumor, or traumatic brain injury. The change that takes place in a person’s life and those around them following one of those events can create a complete change in lifestyle. There are many things that a person with a spinal cord injury has to consider that those without don’t. I also believe that there are many things people who suffer from paralysis (quadriplegic or paraplegic) are able to do....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Brain, Medicine, Hospital]

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Stroke And Spinal Cord Injury Effects On The Body Function

- (Start here) Stroke and Spinal Cord Injury both have detrimental effects on the body function. Commonly, they result in some levels of muscle weakness and paralysis. The complications after a stroke or a spinal cord injury negatively impact not only the patients’ health, but their quality of life. Therefore, it is important that rehabilitation therapy starts at an early stage after the incidence to enable the patients to adapt to their new conditions and maximise their life. Physical activity and exercise program are one of the most important part of rehabilitation, which help the patients to achieve better health outcomes and lifestyle....   [tags: Exercise, Strength training, Weight training]

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Understanding Spinal Cord Injuries

- Understanding Spinal Cord Injuries Spinal cord injuries can be very devastating. First we will discuss the spinal cord's structure and function. Then we will tell you how the spinal cord is most commonly injured, along with some statistics involved and some signs of spinal cord injury. We will explain some changes to the body after spinal injuries. Finally we will talk about some of the research in helping spinal cord injury victims. The spinal cord is the final common pathway from the brain to the muscles....   [tags: Papers]

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Acute Rehab Unit With A Spinal Cord Injury

- Jose Rodriguez a 32 year old Hispanic man, admitted to acute rehab unit with a spinal cord injury, secondary to a gunshot wound. He is alert and oriented times four and possess a good spirit, although he is paraplegic with a neurogenic bladder. His primary language is Spanish, but he is able to communicate in English to make his needs known and understands English as well. Due to the neurogenic bladder he has decreased sensation in his bladder and is unable to void. He needs straight catheterization every four hours....   [tags: Pain, Suffering, Psychology, Laxative]

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Spinal Cord Injury

- Spinal Cord Injury Spinal cord injury is a serious problem that effects close to 250,000 people in the United States with 10,000 people being injured per year . There are many things that can lead to spinal cord injury, including athletic injuries, car accidents, and recreational activities like swimming and biking. It primarily effects those between the ages of 16 and 30 and drastically effects the rest of their lives. It is a very debilitating injury that requires extensive medical care, often leaves the patients in a great deal of pain for the rest of their lives(2), and the treatment of which costs $10 billion dollars a year in the US.(facts from site 1) With all of these factors spurr...   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Informative Speech: Spinal Cord Injuries

- PURPOSE: To inform my audience about people in the United States living with spinal cord injuries There are about a quarter of a million people in the United States living with spinal cord injuries. In addition, between 7,600 and 10,000 new injuries occur each year. Nearly half of these new injuries will occur in young people between the ages of 16 and 30....   [tags: Informative Speech]

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Reversing Stroke and Spinal Cord Damage

- Reversing Stroke and Spinal Cord Damage Scientists are on the brink of doing the unthinkable-replenishing the brains of people who have suffered strokes or head injuries to make them whole again. If that is not astonishing enough, they think they may be able to reverse paralysis. The door is at last open to lifting the terrifying sentence these disorders still decree-loss of physical function, cognitive skills, memory, and personality. Until recently there was virtually nothing doctors could do for the 500,000 Americans who have strokes each year, the 500,000 to 750,000 who experience severe head injury, or the 10,000 people who are paralyzed after spinal cord damage (3)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Epidemiology of Primary Spinal Cord Tumours in Isfahan, Iran, 1992-2004

- Introduction Primary spinal cord tumors (PSCTs) comprise approximately four percent of primary CNS tumors. They are typically classified into two major groups: Extradural and intradural. Extradural ones usually arise from adjacent connective tissues. In contrast, Intradural tumors originate from neural, glial, or meningial cells in the spinal cord and are subcategorized into Intra- and extra-medullary. Regarding the rarity, little population-based studies are available for PSCTs. [1] Most of these studies lack uniform pathologic criteria and rarely include non malignant cases....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Nurse Should Monitor For Bleeding And Bleeding At Or Around The Umbilical Cord

- The nurse should monitor for bleeding and bleeding at or around the umbilical cord. The patient parents should be taught to be aware of signs and symptoms of bleeding and rash. The baby was also given Erythromycin ( llotycin ophthalmic)1 app as a one-time dose to prevent chlamydial infections. This works by inhibiting bacterial RNA-dependent synthesis. There are not any labs to monitor for this medication. Some side effects are hypersensitivity and decreased ability of the eye to focus (Medication packet, 2015)....   [tags: Infant, Breastfeeding, Pregnancy, Milk]

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Examining the 'Self' in Spinal Cord Injury Patients

- Examining the 'Self' in Spinal Cord Injury Patients A man leaves home to go horseback riding. The horse goes out of control. In the hospital, he learns that he his paralyzed and will probably never walk again. He never thought it would happen to him ... For several unsuspecting Americans each year, this scenario represents something all too real. The man in the abstract I was referring to was the actor Christopher Reeve and it is his paralysis that I will be examining in relation to the 'self'....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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The Erradication of Poliomyelitis: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)

- Introduction Poliomyelitis, commonly known as “Polio”, is an acute motor disease caused by the poliovirus that targets the anterior horn cells of the human spinal cord, and in severe cases results in acute flaccid paralysis (Alberta Health and Wellness, 2011), which can progress to permanent paralysis. It mainly affects children under the age of five, although individuals of any age may contract it (World Health Organization, 2013 [C]). Historical outbreaks, most prominently the 1916 and 1952 epidemics in the United States, led to the development of two separate vaccines: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)....   [tags: poliovirus, spinal cord]

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The Effect of Neural Tube Defects on Healthcare

- According to the Encyclopædia Britannica (2014), a neural tube defect is “any congenital defect of the brain and spinal cord as a result of abnormal development of the neural tube.” This birth defect is “the most common congenital defect of the central nervous system, affecting the brain and/or spinal cord of 300,000 newborns worldwide each year” (Ricks et al., 2012, p. 391). The exact cause of these central nervous system defects is unknown, but there are many contributing factors that are evidenced to assist in the prevention of such a disorder....   [tags: health, brain, spinal cord]

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A Study to Determine the Prevalence of Pressure Ulcers in Spinal Cord Injury Patients and Underlying Factors (in a Governme

- I have done a research project in fulfillment of the Bachelors of Science in nursing at Rufaida College of nursing, Hamdard University, New Delhi, India. The project was, ‘A study to determine the prevalence of pressure ulcer in spinal cord injury patients and its possible underlying factors in a selected Government hospital of New Delhi in India'. The objectives of the study were, to determine the prevalence of pressure ulcer in spinal cord injury patients and find out the possible underlying factors for the development of pressure sore in spinal cord injury patients....   [tags: Nursing Research Project]

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Spinal Cord Injury Causes Disturbance Of Descent Ways From Central Control Centers

- Cardiovascular Changes Spinal Cord Injury causes disturbance of descent ways from central control centers to spinal sympathetic neurons (McKinnely, 2006). The cardiovascular system decreases the ability to uphold vessel tone. It loses its capacity to pump blood through decreasing stroke volume (Karishblum, 2015). Aging is related with a gradual increase progressing in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. A greater incidence of syncope syndromes associated with micturition, as well as orthostatic hypotension (Clark & Siebens, 1998)....   [tags: Blood pressure, Orthostatic hypotension]

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Differences Between Upper And Lower Motor Neurons

- The differences between upper and lower motor neurons have numerous, vital implications for treatment (Mendoza, & Foundas, 2008). Various regions of the cortex are joined with lower portions of the nervous system by projection fibers, which include efferent and afferent projections (Jackson, 2009). The motor portion is made up of efferent projection fibers, whereas the sensory portion is made up of afferent projection fibers (Jackson, 2009). Both upper and lower motor neurons are efferent projections, due to the transmission of information from the cortex (Jackson, 2009)....   [tags: Nervous system, Spinal cord, Muscle]

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Evaluation of In Vitro and In Vivo Osteogenic Differentiation

- This study uses a nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan/poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (nHA/CS/PLGA) scaffold which is seeded with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells for bone tissue engineering in order to allow for repair of bone defects. Tissue engineering uses basic concepts from materials engineering and life sciences and applies them to health care needs in order to design replacement devices with similar morphology and function of injured tissues to allow for tissue repair. A common compound that is used in bone tissue engineering involves PLGA as it is biocompatible, non-toxic, and relatively anti-inflammatory....   [tags: tissue engineering, hydroxyapatite,umbilical cord]

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Bacterial Meningitis: Pathogenesis, Assessment Findings, and Treatments

- Meningitis is described as the infection/inflammation of the meninges, which is the layer that covers the brain and the spinal cord in the central nervous system (“What is Meningitis?” n.d.). Several types of meningitis can occur. Of these are bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic, or toxic (Huether, McCance, 2008). Most people who contract viral meningitis are said to make a full recovery and fungal meningitis generally occurs in people with an impaired immune system (“What is Meningitis?” n.d.)....   [tags: brain, spinal cord, nervous system]

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Treatment For Neurological Disroders

- Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease, and Tay-Sachs disease are all neurological disorders that affect the brain or spinal cord. The diseases above affect many Americans, but not one of the mentioned diseases has a cure. The diseases only have treatments that can help the patient with their symptoms and/or the treatments may slow the progression of the disease. According to The Alzheimer's Association, "Alzheimer's disease is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States." The disease is believed to be caused by genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors that affect the brain, and is usually found in elderly patients....   [tags: patients, symptoms, brain, spinal cord]

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Neurological Consequences Of An Injury

- What would be the main neurological consequences of an injury which resulted in the RIGHT HALF of the spinal cord being completely severed at T10. Include both anatomical and physiological considerations in your account. The spinal cord is an extension of the central nervous system, which at its simplest level contains both descending motor neurons and ascending sensory neurons. It is considered a conduit for all information passed between the body 's periphery and the brain. This therefore means that any injuries that occur to the spinal cord usually have a direct impact on its ability to relay information to the brain from positions at and below the site of the injury itself....   [tags: Nervous system, Spinal cord, Corticospinal tract]

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Does Structure Determine Function?

- Does structure determine function. Or does function determine structure. Two ambiguous questions which may or may not have a decisive answer, does each determine the other. By definition structure is “the arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex” (, 2016) whereas function is defined as “an activity that is natural to or the purpose of a person or thing” (, 2016). Here by definition you can infer that function is natural to a living organism, and thereby determined by structure....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Axon, Spinal cord]

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Multiple Sclerosis- MS

- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder of the brain and spinal cord. This potentially deliberating disease attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers the nerves causing problems by interfering with the communication between the brain, spinal cord and other areas of the body. It can cause various symptoms that come and go at first for several years. Though over time, some symptoms can become permanent and can cause disability. There is no cure for MS, however, various drugs and therapies may reduce the number of flare-ups and can help to ease symptoms and extent of disability....   [tags: Brain Disorder, Spinal Cord, Disease, Nerves]

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Motor Speech Disorders : Describe The Similarities And Differences Between Any Two Types Dysarthria

- Motor Speech Disorders: Describe the similarities and differences between any two types dysarthria (e.g. spastic and flaccid dysarthria). In order to do this assignment you will write up your assignment in a word document. If you do not have word, then be sure to save the document as a text file or rich text file (.rtf). Be sure to include your name in the title when you save your document as well as within the text of your document. If you need assistance with this feel free to call our office and we can walk you through it....   [tags: Nervous system, Spinal cord, Nerve, Human voice]

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Anatomy And Physiology Paper : Anatomy

- ustin Youssef Anatomy and Physiology Paper #4: Nerve Anatomy The nervous system is an imperative part of the human body that assists in the transmission of signals across several different parts of the body. It also releases messages back and forth from the brain to the different parts of the body and coordinates the voluntary and involuntary action of the body. At the cellular level, the nervous system consists of a cell called a neuron, also known as the nerve cell. The neurons connect via synapses that act as a pathway connection that transmit signals to other cells....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Spinal cord, Nerve]

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The Debate Over Embryonic Stem Cell Research

- Not only do scientists have ethical dilemmas but lamen people do as well. For instance a parent might have to decide between their child’s life or their ethical beliefs. The church is also in debate over embryonic stem cell research. Most religions believe that this type of research is murder. As people are becoming more knowledgeable on the subject of stem cells, the understanding of the research is developing, but conflict will always occur. One of the big concerns with embryonic stem cells is it is questioned morality....   [tags: Stem cell, Cellular differentiation, Stem cells]

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Curing Disease

- According to the Cord Blood Registry some cells found in cord blood and cord tissue are being used and tested to see if they could improve or even cure certain diseases. Mesenchymal stem cells found in cord blood have been shown to reduce lung injury and symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infants. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia or BPD is a lung disease most often seen in premature newborns who need ventilator support or oxygen supplements to treat respiratory illnesses. Recent studies performed on animals suggest that newborn stem cells may be used as treatment....   [tags: genetic engineering and medicine]

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Injury of the Spine

- A spinal cord injury is caused by trauma to the spinal cord that results in complete or incomplete paralysis. A complete spinal cord injury is when the spinal cord is completely severed causing a person to never be able to walk again. An incomplete spinal cord injury is when the spinal cord is still intact, but has trauma to an area from a foreign object or bone compressing against the cord without transecting it. Incomplete spinal cord injury victims have a little hope to be able to walk again....   [tags: trauma, cervical spine, paralysis]

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Pre Term Labor And Premature Delivery

- The countdown has finally begun. You are anxiously waiting for your delivery date. In all the excitement, someone mentions some possible complications during labor and childbirth, sending shivers down your spine. Don’t worry, your doctor will be prepared for any these complications, if at all they arise. Read on to know more about the common complications during labor and childbirth. Pre-term Labor and Premature Delivery A full-term pregnancy means the baby is born anytime between week 38 and week 40 of your pregnancy....   [tags: Childbirth, Obstetrics, Pregnancy, Uterus]

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The Human Body Consists Of Many Important Systems

- The human body consists of many important systems. The nervous system is one of those systems, it is split into two main parts. The spinal cord and the brain make up the Central Nervous System (CNS). The receptors, effectors, and the intermediate neurons make the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS). The nervous system at the basic level is composed of a receptor, a sensory neuron, the spinal cord, the brain, a motor neuron, and an effector. The receptor when stimulated sends signals to the spinal cord through the sensory neuron....   [tags: Stem cell, Embryonic stem cell, Nervous system]

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Measuring Mecury Levels in Mothers and Newborns

- Our study showed that 203 newborns (13%) and 176 mothers (11.2%) had mercury concentrations greater than the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reference dose of 5.8 µg/lL (US EPA, 2007). However, there have arguments that this limit should be lowered to account for pharmacokinetic variability in cord: maternal ratio (Stern and Smith, 2003). The German Federal Environmental Agency set newly revised mercury reference values of 2.0μg/l for women (18-69 years) who at least consume fish ≤ 3 times per month (Wilhelm et al., 2004)....   [tags: Child Development]

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Legalize Stem Cell Research

- Stem cell research should be legal and funded by the government in all 50 states. There are several types of stem cells that we have available to use for research. The controversy comes from the use of Embryonic Stem Cells (ESC) and how they are obtained. The funding is very unstable for stem cell research due to the use of ESC, combined with the message they send. There have been several arguments in regards to the right to life. In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) clinics have never been funded by the government and that is not the plan for this research either....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Central Nervous Systems And The Peripheral Nervous System

- The nervous system is made up of two major parts: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central system is the main command center for the body and is comprised of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system contains a network of nerves that connect the rest of the body to the central nervous system. The central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system work together to collect information from within the body and from the environment outside it. The systems process all the collected information and send instructions to the rest of the body, to obtain an appropriate response....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Central nervous system]

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Brain and Mind Behavior, An Outline

- Brain and Mind Behavior 1. i. Types of Receptors Functions Receptive Fields Response Merkel’s Discs Touch, pressure and texture Fingertips, tongue, lips, located in dermis Responds to change in stimuli Meissner’s Corpuscle Touch sensitivity Located in the dermis Responds to change in stimuli Pacinian Corpuscle Vibration and pressure Located in the hypodermis Responds to change in stimuli Ruffini’s endings Stretching Located in the hypodermis Responds to change in stimuli ii. Primary somatosensory cortex- • Located in parietal lobe of brain • Nerve signals of the sense of touch are received • The more sensitive the region, the more it takes up in the somatosensory Secondary somatosenso...   [tags: somatosensory cortex, pain receptors]

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Patient With Progressive Pain and Neurological Findings

- CASE A 27-year-old female presented with worsening neck pain and weakness of the extremities. She stated that the pain has been intermittent for the past two years but worsened in the last three months. She described the pain as a constant dull ache that is an 8/10 in severity. She explained that the pain radiates to both shoulders, slightly more to the right. Ibuprofen did not relieve the pain. The patient specified that the weakness of her extremities is present in her left arm and bilateral lower extremities....   [tags: Medical Case Studies]

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The Nervous System And The Brain

- The nervous system is a network of cells that take messages from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body. The nervous system is made up of the Central Nervous System and the Peripheral Nervous System. The Central Nervous System has two main parts; the brain and the spinal cord. While the Peripheral Nervous System has the Somatic and the Autonomic Nervous systems included within it. The Central NS is broken down by two parts the brain and the spinal cord. The brain is protected by the scull and has a mushroom like shape....   [tags: Brain, Nervous system, Central nervous system]

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Genetic Technology: Stem Cell Research

- As we developed in genetic technology in the recent decades, we have opened the opportunities to do what was practically impossible in the past. The development of genetic engineering and stem cell research were a pivotal point in medicine history as they revolutionized & changed the techniques we use to handle various diseases. Genetic engineering and stem cell research both opened the possibilities for treatments & aid from what ranged from feasible daily-life aspects, like food and crops, to more serious diseases & injuries, like diabetes and spinal cord injury....   [tags: Medical Research]

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What Is The Nervous System?

- What is the Nervous System. The nervous system is a network of cells that take messages from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body. The nervous system is made up of the Central Nervous System and the Peripheral Nervous System. The Central Nervous System has two main parts; the brain and the spinal cord. While the Peripheral Nervous System has the Somatic and the Autonomic Nervous systems included with in it. The Central NS is broken down by two parts the brain and the spinal cord....   [tags: Nervous system, Central nervous system, Brain]

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Searching For A Cure

- People say the only things that are inevitable in life are death and taxes. I beg to differ. I believe that another inevitability is soon coming – the cure for spinal cord injuries. Scientists have made many breakthroughs in the last 25 years in terms of spinal cord injuries. In past years when a person would get a spinal cord injury, there was pretty much no hope for them to regain any function or movement that was lost, unless some sort of miracle took place. Today, there is still no cure; however, experiments are being done that have shown promising results....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Effects Of Obesity On Self Care, Mobility Rating And Community Discharge

- Stenson investigated the effect of obesity on self-care, mobility ratings and community discharge. Her research observed that more women are obese and overweight compared to men and obese individuals with paraplegia complete had significantly lower self-care and mobility. Obese individuals with spinal cord injuries have a unique challenge with having the appropriate equipment needed to help care for themselves (Stenson 2011). Obesity is a functional barrier for individuals with parapalegia rather than individuals with tetraplegia, where the goals of physical therapy require the ability to support one’s body weight when transferring and propelling the wheelchair (Stenson 2011)....   [tags: Exercise, Obesity, Physical exercise, Overweight]

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A Research Study On Stem Cell Research

- Stem Cell Research Stem cell research can be a beneficial aspect to the healthcare system worldwide because of its significance in curing several types of disease. In many cases, research scientists have demonstrated that stem cells research can play a dynamic role by treating patients with different types of illness. In addition, it has been view as the new upcoming treatment in the health care system that is capable of easing many type of uncommon diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord disease, Parkinson disorder, Lou Gehrig disease, and others....   [tags: Stem cell, Embryonic stem cell, Stem cells]

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Appendicular Skeletal System

- As the smell of freshly baked Christmas cookies fill the air, the children of the house stir uncontrollably. Their olfactory nerves are picking up the delectable scents, and sending impulses they can no longer control. Though their mother said they had to wait until after dinner, they had other plans. As their mother does their laundry, slaving away on piles of dirty clothes downstairs, the children seize the opportunity to stuff their faces full of the Christmas treats. After satisfying their monstrous cravings, they realize the need to wash down the evidence; their mother is quickly approaching and the need to hurry....   [tags: skeletal muscles, central nervous system, neurons]

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Cervical Spinal Stenosis

- Cervical Spinal Stenosis is a rare disorder that can ruin the life of young adults and many adults over 50. It is an unknown disorder that at any point and time a certain twist or pinch could put someone in a hospital, wheelchair, or even worse six-foot underground. The benefits of professional careers and everyday life hang in the balance waiting for the time bomb to go off and put an abrupt end to a regular life. It all has to do with the way the body moves, they way the vertebra can twist and curl and on the amount of pressure the spine can take before it gives in....   [tags: rare spine disorders]

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Transmission of Pain Signals by the Brain at the Spinal Level

- Transmission of Pain Signals by the Brain at the Spinal Level Pain has been defined by Coates & Hindle as an unpleasant emotional and sensory experience which signals a potential or actual damage to tissues (2011, p. 213). Pain is a common human experience and can emanate from injury and illness. There are two main types of pain; acute pain is short-lived, lasting for minutes or several days and its onset often takes place rapidly. It results from the activation of pain nerve endings or nociceptors either by internal or external pain stimuli....   [tags: Anatomy, The Central Nervous System]

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Functions Of The Following Structures Associated With The Human Brain

- Briefly identify and describe the structure and function of the following structures associated with the human brain: external structure (lobes and fissures) of the cerebral hemispheres, ventral aspect, meninges, cranial nerves, and the internal structures (i.e., cerebrum, diencephalon, midbrain, brain stem, and cerebellum). The forebrain (prosencephalon) is divided into two parts the diencephalon (contains the thalamus/hypothalamus which are responsible for functions such as motor, sensory, and autonomic as well as the pineal gland), the telencephalon (contains the cerebrum most information is processed in the cerebral cortex), and the pineal gland (produces the hormone melatonin)....   [tags: Brain, Central nervous system, Neuroanatomy]

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What Are The Philosophical Underpinnings Of The Research Method?

- 1. What is the phenomenon of interest and is it clearly stated for the reader. The abstract of the study immediately provides the reader an understanding of the phenomenon of interest, which is preserving upper limb function for spinal cord injury patients who retain their upper limb function, but have lost their lower limb function. 2. What is the justification for using a qualitative method. This descriptive study is critical in identifying stakeholder agreement with clinical practice guidelines for spinal cord injury patients, as well as barriers and gaps in implementing the evidence-based guidelines....   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Clinical trial]

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The Central Nervous System and Chiropractic Care

- Chiropractic care helps keep the body healthy and working properly and promotes homeostasis by keeping the spinal column in alignment. There are many nerves in the spinal column which are directly related to the organ systems and functions of the body. When the spinal nerves become compressed through a subluxation many ill affects throughout the body can occur. Keeping the back aligned though chiropractic care will greatly improve one’s overall health and well-being. The body is controlled down to its core by the central nervous system....   [tags: Healthy Living Essays]

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The Importance of Resistance Training

- In addition to cardio and flexibility exercises, resistance training is essential in your older years. It keeps your muscles strong, increases your bone density, and reduces the symptoms of age-related health conditions, such as arthritis and osteoporosis. (See References 1) Resistance bands or cords are ideal to use for your workout; they're lightweight, affordable, portable, and promote your coordination. (See References 2) You can do the exercise while sitting down on a chair to avoid compromising your balance and stability....   [tags: warm up, older years, health conditions]

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Lou Gehrig´s Diease (ALS)

- Lou Gehrig's disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an movement disorder that affects the motor neuron pathways in the central nervous system. Amyotrophic means that the muscle of the body has lost their nourishment. Lateral means that it is affected the sides of the spinal cord which is also known as corticospinal region of the spinal cord that has the motor neuronspathways. Sclerosis mean scarring or hardening in place of the healthy nerve. The part of the brain that affected is in the cerebral cortex....   [tags: brain, glutamate, motor neuron]

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Stem Cell Research

- Stem Cell Research INTRODUCTION A child is born everyday and without realizing it, the material that is routinely discarded after the birth could one day be life saving for that person, someone else in the family, or even a complete stranger. This material is the umbilical cord, and the blood contained within their vessels. One may wonder, why is this blood so important. Medical research has discovered that the residual umbilical cord blood contains stem cells. These cells are the building blocks that the body uses to create some of the key components of the human immune system, blood and bone marrow....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Marketing Analysis : The Marketing Strategy Of Detour Consumers From Cable And Satellite Industry Subscriptions

- update, enhance, and redesign on an average of once a year. OTTBS is excited to keep the most up to date products within the consumer’s reach. Additionally, the streaming content accessible via OTTBs is forever reshaping and evolving. OTTBS has a core value of being knowledgeable in the industry, the company is prepared to reevaluate which content is programmed to each OTTB based on the most current software available down to the day of installation. OTTBS attempts to make the future available today....   [tags: Marketing, Consumer protection]

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Stem Cell Research And The Social, Ethical And Legal Issues Surrounding Their Use

- STEM CELLS: Their development and use in Clinical Medicine and the Social, Ethical and Legal Issues surrounding their use. Stem cell science is a fast moving area of research with new breakthroughs being announced all the time. They can be harvested from many different sources including the early embryo, umbilical cord blood and bone marrow (Stem Cells Australia 2015). The first use of stem cells as a clinical treatment was in 1968, when the first successful bone marrow transplant was performed (Syed & Evans 2013)....   [tags: Stem cell, Cellular differentiation, Stem cells]

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The Experience I Will Reflect On Occurred During The Second Clinical Shift

- The experience I will reflect on occurred during my fourth clinical shift. I was assigned a 32-year-old woman who was gravida 1, para 0 (nulliparous) and the fetus was at a gestational stage of 38 weeks and 2 days. Her husband was at the bedside, always supporting her throughout the whole process. Her estimated due date was on March 27, 2016, but she came into antepartum with more frequent and longer contractions on March 16, 2016. Her membranes ruptured around 0400 the next morning, with no noted blood or meconium....   [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Infant, Obstetrics]

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Drugs : The Function Of The Body

- Drugs alter the function of the body. The abuse of drugs changes the way people feel, think and behave by disrupting neurotransmission. Neurotransmission is the brains means of communication. Neurotransmitters are the brains chemical messengers. These nerve networks regulate and coordinate everything we think, feel, and do. Drug dependence and addiction cause disruptions of neurotransmission. The negative effects on neurotransmission explain the physiological dependence. Extended use of drugs alters the chemical balances in the brain effecting both neurons and brain circuits....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Action potential]

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1546 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Ethical And Of Stem Cell Research

- Is it ethical to harvest embryonic stem cells to treat diseases. Stem cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells (National Institutes of Health, 2013). Stem cells are different from other cells in the body in three ways. They can divide and renew themselves over a long time. They are unspecialized, so they cannot do specific functions in the body....   [tags: Stem cell, Cellular differentiation]

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Restoring Voluntary Control by Electrochemical Stimulation.

- Since Luigi Galvani discovered in 1789 that muscles react to electrical stimulation, these properties were exploited to create an interface with the nervous system and restore motor and sensory functions deficient. Electrotherapy uses these electrophysiological properties of the nervous system. Although the deficiencies of human sensory-motor system are well known today, they are still too often in a therapeutic impasse. Technological means allow to restore or replace some functions of deficient sensory-motor system....   [tags: electrotherapy, technology, system, muscle]

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Nervous Systems And The Nervous System

- For my project, I will be covering the nervous system. Some processes I will cover will be brain function in relation to nerves, and how age changes this. varies as people pass from childhood through adulthood to old age. From young age to adulthood, there is a spike in brain function, it steadies in adulthood, and then declines in old age, but different aspects of the brain change at different times. Since the nervous system is controlled by the brain, it is affected drastically. Some specific parts of the nervous system that I will explain will be the autonomic nervous system(made up of the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system), and the enteric nervous system....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Brain]

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Lab Report On The Motor Neuron

-   Case Study 1 Amy was preparing dinner for her family. As she went to pull the pot off the stove, she touched the burner accidently. When this happened she instantly pulls her finger away and without delay she feels pain. Amy pulled her finger away as a reflex because the burner was hot. This unconscious effort was caused by a combination of five neurons called reflex arc. The reflex arc consist of the receptor, sensory neuron, interneuron, motor neuron, and effector. The motor neuron was responsible for sending information from her finger to her peripheral nervous system....   [tags: Neuron, Nervous system, Action potential]

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Maternal Mercury Levels

- Next we built up separate multiple linear regression models to identify predictors of each metal. The concentration of each metal in maternal blood and placental tissues was entered in the model as a dependent variable. Potential confounders selected for inclusion in each multiple regression model were only those who exhibited significant associations with the metal levels (pP<0.05) and entered as independent variables. These models are summarized in Tables 8 and 9. In the final regression model, predictors of maternal blood lead levels were showed that cord lead levels, maternal cadmium level, smoking status, mother’s educational level (Diploma or/and university), total family’s income per...   [tags: Health]

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Shriner's Hospitals for Children

- The International Shrine is a brotherhood that is dedicated to having fun with a specific purpose. They are a fraternity based on fellowship and the Masonic principles of brotherly love. The fraternity, which has nearly 200 temples in seven countries and thousands of clubs around the world helps to operate the unique pediatric healthcare system they founded years ago (About Our Fraternity). Through the philanthropic work of International Shriners, transportation and free medical care are provided for those children that meet the qualifications, which in turn remove a huge financial burden from the family....   [tags: orthopedic care, Masonic principles]

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1674 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Lou Gehrig's Disease

- Lou Gehrig's disease is often referred to as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), this is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. Motor neurons come from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the entire body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS would eventually leads to their death. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is also lost....   [tags: ALS, Neurodegenerative DIsease]

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1052 words | (3 pages) | Preview

stem cells

- After a typical delivery the umbilical cord and the blood within it is discarded. Now researchers have discovered that this blood contains valuable stem cells which can be used in the treatment of several blood disorders. Stem cells are simply undeveloped cells that develop into platelets or red and white blood cells. Stem cells will continue to produce blood cells for an indefinite period of time after transplantation. Until the discovery of stem cells in umbilical cord blood and placentas, bone marrow stem cells were the primary means available to those in need of a transplant....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Reversal of Paralysis

- Reversal of Paralysis This semester we learned about the paralysis of Christopher Reeves. In thinking about his condition, I began to wonder where researchers stood in their attempt to cure paralysis. Paralysis was often considered to be completely irreversible. However, I found that the last ten years have brought huge advances in our understanding of the nervous system and spinal cord injury. Even though paralysis due to spinal cord injury is still, for the most part, permanent, several drugs and techniques show promise in reversing the effects of paralysis....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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1184 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

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